Презентация "London and its attractions" 2 класс

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London and its attractions

London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom, is a 21st-century city with history stretching back to Roman times. In central London stand the significant Houses of Parliament, the iconic "Big Ben" clock tower and Westminster Abbey. Across the Thames River, the London Eye observation wheel provides panoramic review of the South Bank cultural complex, and the whole city.London is home to many museums, galleries, and other institutions, many of which are free of admission charges and are major tourist attractions.

Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge was built in 1894. The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London. At the moment it is the only one of the Trust's bridges not to connect the City of London directly to the Southwark bank because its northern landfall is in Tower Hamlets. The bridge consists of two bridge towers. The bridge deck is freely accessible to both vehicles and pedestrians, in the interim the bridge's twin towers, high-level walkways and Victorian engine rooms form part of the Tower Bridge Exhibition, for which an admission charge is made.

Big Ben

Big Ben is the sobriquet for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London and is usually propagated to refer to both the clock and the clock tower. The official name of the tower in which Big Ben is located was originally the Clock Tower, but it was renamed Elizabeth Tower in 2012 to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. The tower stands 315 feet tall, and the climb from ground level to the belfry is 334 steps. Its base is square, measuring 39 feet (12 m) on each side. Dials of the clock are 23 feet in diameter. Big Ben is the largest of five bells and weighs 13.5 long tons.

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality. Originally known as Buckingham House, the building at the core of today's palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703 on a site that had been in private ownership for at least 150 years. Buckingham Palace became the London residence of the British monarch on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837. There are 775 rooms in Buckingham Palace including the 19 State Rooms and 78 bathrooms.

The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Commonly known as the Houses of Parliament after its occupants, the Palace lies on the north bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster, in central London, England.

Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross. The site of Trafalgar Square had been a significant landmark since the 13th century and originally contained the King's Mews. The 169-foot (52 m) Nelson's Column at its centre is guarded by four lion statues.

30 St Mary Axe, informally known as The Gherkin, is a commercial skyscraper in London's primary financial district, the City of London. It was completed in December 2003 and opened in April 2004. With 41 floors, it is 180 metres (591 ft) tall and stands on the former sites of the Baltic Exchange and Chamber of Shipping. The building has become a recognisable feature of London, and it is one of the city's most widely recognised examples of contemporary architecture.

The Shard London Bridge, previously known as London Bridge Tower, is a mixed-use building in London. Designed by Renzo Piano, the structure has been constructed on the site of an existing 1970s office building, known as Southwark Towers, adjacent to London Bridge station. The 72-storey Shard London Bridge, provides a mix of shopping, office, hotel, leisure and residential uses, as well as offering a variety of public spaces, including viewing galleries.

The Sherlock Holmes Museum is a privately run museum in London, England, dedicated to the famous fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. It is the world´s first museum dedicated to the literary character Sherlock Holmes. It opened in 1990 and is situated in Baker Street, bearing the number 221B by permission of the City of Westminster, although it lies between numbers 237 and 241, near the north end of Baker Street in central London close to Regent's Park.

The London Eye is a cantilevered observation wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. It is Europe's tallest cantilevered observation wheel, is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom with over 3.75 million visitors annually, and has made many appearances in popular culture. The wheel has got 32 sealed and air-conditioned ovoidal passenger capsules.

Harrods is a department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London. It is owned by the state of Qatar via its sovereign wealth fund, the Qatar Investment Authority. The Harrods brand also applies to other enterprises undertaken by the Harrods group of companies including Harrods Estates, Harrods Aviation and Air Harrods, and to Harrods Buenos Aires, sold by Harrods in 1922 and closed as of 2011.The store occupies a 5-acre site and has 330 departments covering 1.1 million square feet of retail space. It is the largest department store in Europe and lays claim to having its own unique postcode, SW1X 7XL.