Методическая разработка урока "Грамматика английского языка в упражнениях"


МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ МОСКОВСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение среднего
профессионального образования Московской области
«Подмосковный колледж «Энергия»
Рассмотрено на заседании ПЦК
__________________________
__________________________
Протокол №_____ от ______20 г.
Председатель ПЦК
__________ (ФИО)
МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА
по теме: «Грамматика английского
языка в упражнениях»
для уровня Pre-Intermediate
Автор:
Преподаватель английского языка
1 квалификационной категории
Архитекторова А.А.
2016г.
Аннотация
Данная методическая разработка предусмотрена для студентов,
владеющих языковым уровнем Pre-intermediate, и включает в себя
грамматические упражнения для работы по темам – юнитам как на
уроке, так и самостоятельно.
Методическую разработку можно использовать как основной
материал по отработке грамматических тем, так и как
дополнительный материал.
Содержание:
1. Юнит 1. Употребление времен: Настоящее простое,
Настоящее длительное, Прошедшее простое.
2. Юнит 2. Употребление времен: Настоящее простое,
Настоящее длительное и have ( have got).
3. Юнит 3. Употребление времен: Прошедшее простое,
Прошедшее длительное.
4. Юнит 4. Употребление артиклей, исчисляемые и
неисчисляемые существительные.
5. Юнит 5. Употребление Будущего простого времени и
going to, like doing/would like to do
6. Юнит 6. Употребление степеней прилагательных.
7. Юнит 7. Употребление Настоящего совершенного
времени.
8. Юнит 8. Употребление модальных глаголов: must, have to,
should.
9. Юнит 9. Употребление Условных предложений 1 тип.
10. Юнит 10. Употребление used to.
11. Юнит 11. Употребление Страдательного залога.
12. Юнит 12. Употребление Условных предложений 2 тип.
13. Юнит 13. Употребление Настоящего совершенного
длительного времени.
14. Юнит 14. Употребление Согласования времен.
Unit 1 Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple.
Open the brackets and put the verb in the right tense:
1. Yesterday I (to ask) my friend not to ring me.
2. He (to write) a letter now.
3. My parents (to live) in Bristol.
4. I (to go) to bed now.
5. Paul and Ann (to play) tennis yesterday.
6. He was much better than me, so he (to win) easily.
7. We can go out now. It (not to rain) any more.
8. Water (to boil) at 100 degrees Celsius.
9. Catherine (to phone) me last night.
10. You (not to eat) lunch this week. You want to lose weight.
11. How nice to meet you! What (you to do) these days?
12. It was warm, so he (to take) off his coat.
13. We usually (to grow) vegetables in our garden but this year we (not to grow)
any.
14. The moon (to go) round the Earth.
15. Mozart (to write) more than 600 pieces of music.
Put the question to the following sentences:
1. Marion is from Spain. (Where?)
2. They usually work till 6 o’clock. (Who?)
3. She spoke English very well. (How?)
4. We are making a difficult task now. (What?)
5. Our company moved into a new office. (When?)
6. He has 3 cars. (How many?)
7. They don’t do it properly. (Why?)
8. He gets up at 7 o’clock every day. (When?)
9. The weather was stormy yesterday. (What?)
10. He didn’t see the end of the film. (Why?)
11. She is at home now. (Where?)
12. He doesn’t love her. (Who?)
13. We are learning new words. (Who?)
14. She is reading an interesting book. (What book?)
15. They are coming on Monday. (When?)
Translate the sentences:
1. Что она учит? – Она учит стихотворение в этот момент.
2. Вчера мы были в кино.
3. Мы редко ходим в театр.
4. Посмотри в окно! Идет снег.
5. Я сделал домашнее задание, а затем пошел гулять.
6. Дедушка всегда сидит в кресле и слушает новости.
7. Что ты делаешь в субботу вечером?
8. Их семья уезжает через две недели.
9. Что ты думаешь об этом виде спорта?
10. Они обсудили мою книгу на прошлой неделе.
Unit 2 Present Simple, Present Continuous; to have/have got.
Put the verb in the right tense:
1. Julia is good at languages. She (to speak) 3 languages very well.
2. Hurry up! Everybody (to wait) for you.
3. (you to listen) to the radio? No, you can turn it off.
4. (you to listen) to the radio every day?
5. The Nile (to flow) into the Mediterranean.
6. Can we stop walking? I (to be) tired.
7. She (to look) for a place to live.
8. Usually I (to enjoy) parties.
9. The train is never late. It always (to leave) on time.
10. The water (to boil). Can you turn it off?
Are the underlined verbs right or wrong:
1. Look! The man tries to open the door of the house.
2. I usually go to work by car.
3. You must go now. It gets dark.
4. They dance very well.
5. We are swimming in the river every summer.
6. We swim now.
7. He doesn’t know this rule.
8. It is winter.
9. They are coming in 3 minutes.
10. He sings a new song at this moment.
Make a negative and interrogative form:
1. I have some free time.
2. They have got many problems.
3. We have a beautiful house.
4. She has got a typical family.
5. They have got some troubles.
6. He has a younger brother.
7. I have a boy friend.
8. We have got 2 tickets.
9. You have an old book.
10. You have got several decisions of this problem.
Translate the sentences:
1. Я изучаю английский язык.
2. На каком языке они говорят сейчас? На немецком.
3. Вы пьете кофе утром?
4. Он никогда не просыпается рано.
5. Послушай! Как хорошо она поет и играет на пианино.
6. Что она делает сейчас? – Она спит.
7. Куда ты идешь? – Я иду на работу.
8. Она делает зарядку каждый день.
9. Он редко ходит в кино.
10. Моя мама не готовит обед в этот момент сейчас.
Unit 3 Past Simple, Past Continuous
Put the verb in the right tense:
1. We (to leave) the party when he (to arrive).
2. What they (to do) when you (to see) them?
3. When he (to come) to see me I (to have) a bath.
4. I (to read) a book when I (to hear) the noise.
5. We (to sit) here yesterday when he (to pass).
6. When she (to drive) a car, she (to feel) headache.
7. They (to have) supper when he (to visit) them.
8. When my aunt (to go) home, she (to lose) her purse.
9. I (to choose) a present when my friend (to enter) the shop.
10. When the teacher (to come) into the class, all the pupils (to write) a test.
11. When they (to play) in my room, they (to find) my notebook.
12. The young people (to dance) when I (to come) to the party.
13. Her son (to fall) when he (to climb) up the tree.
14. The telephone (to ring) when I (to leave) the house.
15. When he (to do) his homework, he (to make) a lot of mistakes.
Open the brackets, define the tense:
1. The pupils (to discuss) this problem yesterday.
2. The pupils (to discuss) this problem the whole evening yesterday.
3. She (to learn) a poem at 5 o’clock yesterday.
4. She (to learn) a poem when her mother came in.
5. They (to play) tennis 2 days ago.
6. They (not to discuss) this question last evening.
7. I (not to see) him yesterday. I (to see) him 2 weeks ago.
8. Whom they (to speak) to when the telephone rang?
9. She (not to sleep) the whole night yesterday.
10. Yesterday I (to ask) my friend to help me.
Translate the sentences:
1. Вчера в 6 часов я делал уроки, а мама читала газеты.
2. Когда он пришел домой, его семья обедала.
3. Когда мы вышли из дома, шел сильный дождь.
4. Когда я встретил ее утром, она спешила на работу.
5. Что он делал вчера в 7? – Он работал над докладом.
6. Кто помогал тебе убирать в комнате?
7. Он спал, когда к нему пришли друзья.
8. Ты нашел грибы, когда гулял в лесу?
Choose the preposition in/at/on and translate the sentences:
1. ___ Monday I was doing a difficult work.
2. ___ 3 o’clock he came home.
3. It was cold ___ September.
4. She was born ___ 1967.
5. We discussed this question ___ 7 o’clock yesterday.
6. ___ Tuesday they were playing from 2 till 5 o’clock.
7. ____ weekends they had a good time together.
8. ____ holidays we usually rest.
Unit 4 Articles, countable and uncountable nouns.
Put the right article:
1. There are ... flowers in the vase. ... flowers are beautiful.
2. She wrote ... letter to her friend. ... letter was long.
3. This is ... good ... book.
4. This is ... girl. She is at ... school.
5. My ... brother is at ... work. He is not at ... home.
6. This is my ... sister. She is ... pupil. My sister is ...good pupil.
7. He likes to read ... books.
8. My cousin is ... teacher. He is ... good teacher. He works at ... school.
9. She has ... long ... black hair.
10. I like these ... apples. Give me these ... apples, please.
11. We live in ... beautiful city. We like our ... city very much.
12. I am ... doctor. I work at ... hospital. ... hospital is large.
13. You have two ... books. Give me one ... book, please.
14. He has no ... pencil.
15. My brother's ... watch is bad
.
What nouns are these: countable/uncountable? Complete the sentences:
air country day friend meat language letter patience
people space
1. There are seven ……… in a week.
2. A vegetarian is a person who doesn’t eat ……….
3. I am not very good at writing ………..
4. Last night I went out with some ………. of mine.
5. There were very few ……… in the shops today.
6. I am going out for a walk. I need some fresh ………..
7. Tom always wants things quickly. He has got no ………….
8. Do you speak any foreign ……….?
9. Jane travels a lot. She has been to many ……….
10. Our flat is very small. We haven’t got much ………..
Put in much, many, a little, a few, a lot, lots of:
1. He isn’t very popular. He has ……… friends.
2. Ann is busy. She has ……….. free time.
3. I am free. I have ………. to do.
4. There were many presents. There were ………. them.
5. This town is a very interesting place to visit, so ……….. tourists come here.
6. They haven’t …….. money. They can’t buy it.
Put in some, any:
1. I have met ……… people.
2. He doesn’t have ……… real friends.
3. Have you got …….. idea what to do?
4. There are …….. cookies left. But there isn’t ………. cake.
5. She didn’t have ……… computers games.
6. He has ……. books.
7. Could you give me …….. examples?
8. There were …….. potatoes left.
Unit 5 Future Simple, going to, like doing/would like to do
Put the verb in the Future Simple:
1. I (to watch) television tomorrow.
2. He (to see) them next summer.
3. We (to have0 a rest in a week.
4. They (to come) back next week?
5. She (to spend) holidays in the country.
6. You (to open) the door for me.
7. We (to leave) this place this evening?
8. How we (to get) there?
9. She (to go) to school next week.
10. When you (to go) to the cinema?
Complete the sentences using will or going to:
1. A: Oh, I’ve just realized. I haven’t got any money.
B: Well, don’t worry. I (to lend) you some.
2. A: I have got a headache.
B: Have you? Wait there and I (to get) an aspirin for you.
3. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
B: I (to wash) the car.
4. A: I’ve decided to repaint this room.
B: What colour you (to paint) it?
5. A: Where are you going?
B: I (to buy) something for dinner.
6. A: I don’t know how to use this camera.
B: It’s easy. I (to show) you.
7. A: What would you like to eat?
B: I (to have) a sandwich, please.
8. A: Did you post that letter?
B: Oh, I am sorry. I (to do) it today.
9. A: The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe, does it?
B: It looks as if it (to fall) down.
10. A: Has he decided what to do when he leaves school?
B: Oh, yes. Everything is planned. r a week He (to have) a holiday for a week
and (to do) a computer course.
Translate these sentences:
1. He likes walking with his friend in his free time.
2. Would you like a cup of tea.
3. I’d like to try this coat on.
4. I like drawing. And what do you like?
5. What would you advise me to read?
6. He really likes swimming.
7. I’d like some information about hotels, please.
8. They like listening to music.
9. Would you like to come to dinner tomorrow evening?
10. I’d like to help you.
Unit 6
Make a comparative and superlative forms:
1. Shot, long, wide, dirty, clean, dark, light, thick, thin, cold, dry, weak, tall,
strong, heavy, happy, big.
2. Beautiful, old, bad, great, poor, large, poor, careful, narrow, hot, dangerous,
young.
3. Rich, interesting, expensive, comfortable, intelligent, strange, difficult, hopeful,
cheerful.
Translate the sentences:
1. Лучшее время года – лето.
2. С каждым годом она становится все красивее и красивее.
3. Ученые использовали лучший метод.
4. Он самый старший из всех студентов.
5. Его рассказ интереснее, чем твой.
6. В нашей фирме работает самый молодой служащий.
7. Их место удобнее моего.
8. Возьми этот чемодан. Он легче.
9. Мы прошли самыми узкими улицами города.
10. Том выбрал самую трудную профессию.
11. Какое животное самое большое?
12. Они выглядят счастливее сегодня.
13. Он думает, что английское произношение труднее русского.
14. Погода намного хуже сегодня.
15. Это упражнение самое легкое.
16. Его английский лучше моего.
17. Этот вопрос труднее, чем предыдущий.
18. Его машина самая новая.
19. Ее платье дешевле.
20. Зима – самое холодное время года.
Complete the sentences:
big crowded easily high important difficult
peaceful serious simple short
1. Unfortunately her illness was ……………. than we thought at fist.
2. This way is the ……………..
3. I want a …………. flat. We don’t have enough space here.
4. This exam is the ………………..
5. Health and happiness are ……………. than money.
6. The instructions were very complicated. They should be …………….
7. There were a lot of people on the bus. It was …………… than usual.
8. In some parts of the country the prices are the……………
9. I like living in the country. It’s ……………… than living in a town.
10. You will find your way ……………. if you have a good map.
Unit 7.
Read the situations and write sentences using the Present Perfect:
get break go up grow improve
lose
1. Mike is looking for his key. He can’t find it. He …………………………
2. Margaret can’t walk and her leg is in plaster. She ………………………..
3. His English wasn’t good. Now it is much better. He ………………….....
4. Tim didn’t have a beard last month. Now he has it. He……………………
5. This morning I was expecting a letter. Now I have it. I ……………………
6. Last week the bus fare was 80 pence. Now it is 90. It ………………………
You are writing a letter to a friend. Use the words given to make sentences. Then
write your own letter.
Dear Chris,
Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.
1. I / buy / a new car.
2. My father / start / a new job.
3. I / give up / smoking.
4. Charles and Sarah / go / to Brazil.
5. I / have / a dog.
Put the verb in the right tense:
1. We just (to come) home but our children (to come) home an hour ago.
2. He (to travel) around Europe last year.
3. I (to leave) home early yesterday.
4. You (to write) a letter to your friend today?
5. She is free now. She (to pass) her final exam.
6. David (to start) school in 1994.
7. They (not to see) me last week.
8. He (to work) here a month ago?
9. John (to be) to London before?
10. We (not to know) about the disco last night.
11. I (to read) already this book.
12. Somebody just (to break) my window.
13. It (to stop) snowing an hour ago.
14. She never (to drive) a car before.
15. The wind (to stop) blowing and the weather is getting warmer.
Translate:
1. Ты уже прочитал эту статью? – Нет, я только начал читать ее.
2. Когда он приехал сюда? – Он приехал сюда вчера вечером.
3. Он никогда не видел это представление.
4. Мы купили эту квартиру месяц назад.
5. Она была во Франции? – Нет, она никогда не была в этой стране.
6. Вчера они были у доктора.
7. Я не видел его около месяца.
8. Вы уже видели этот фильм? – Да, я видел его на прошлой неделе.
9. Когда она вышла из комнаты, она выключила свет.
10. Он живет здесь с рождения.
Unit 8.
Translate the sentences:
1. I have to get up early because my train leaves at 7.30.
2. He doesn’t have to wear a suit to work but he usually does.
3. She can’t go out with us this evening. She has to work.
4. I have to phone my sister.
5. Paul has to leave us soon.
6. They have to go somewhere.
1. I mustn’t be late.
2. You mustn’t talk in the theater.
3. They must do their lessons.
4. It’s too dark outside, he must meet her.
5. You must listen to the teacher attentively.
6. You must bring it.
1. She should go away for a few days.
2. I don’t think they should get married.
3. Do you think I should apply for this job?
4. You look tired. You should go to bed.
5. Should we invite Susan to the party?
6. He shouldn’t work so hard.
Complete the sentences with must or have to, should:
1. When you come to London again, you ………… come and see us.
2. Paul doesn’t like his new job. Sometimes he ………….. work at weekends.
3. I’m sorry I can’t come tomorrow. I am really busy. I ………… work.
4. I’m in a difficult situation. What ……….. I do?
5. I have a very bad cold, but I want to go out with you. - I think you ……… stay
in bed.
6. We haven’t got much time. We ……….. hurry.
7. I’m not working tomorrow, so I …………not get up early.
8. In Britain many children …………… wear uniform at school.
Translate the sentences:
1. Я должен сделать доклад.
2. Ему пришлось вернуть билеты.
3. Ты не должен врать нам.
4. Тебе следует подумать, прежде чем ответить.
5. Ей придется выбирать самой.
6. Он должен делать зарядку ежедневно с тех пор, как он поправился.
7. Им следует пригласить ее в гости.
8. Я не должен соглашаться на его предложение.
9. Вам следует упомянуть об этом в докладе.
10. Ему не пришлось работать ночью.
Unit 9.
Open the brackets:
1. When I (to see) him, I (to phone) you.
2. If he (to decide) not to do it, he (to be) right.
3. As soon as we (to know) results, we (to inform) you.
4. I (to give) it to him when he (to visit) us.
5. If the weather (to be) fine, the plane (to leave) in time.
6. Jack (to miss) the train if he (not to hurry).
7. They (not to swim) if the water (to be) cold.
8. I (to go) to the country if it (not to snow).
9. They (to wait) until we (to come).
10. When my mother (to hear) it, she (to be) glad.
Translate the sentences:
1. Когда я приду домой, я позвоню тебе.
2. Если я увижу его завтра, я отдам ему эту книгу.
3. Он обрадуется, если мы скажем ему об этом.
4. Мы поедим в Париж, если купим билеты.
5. Он позвонит, как только у него будет время.
6. Они согласятся, если мы пригласим их в театр.
7. Когда мне понадобится помощь, я попрошу вас помочь мне.
8. Если он не устанет, он выучит это стихотворение.
9. Мы пойдем на концерт, когда я буду свободна.
10. Все будут удивлены, если он не поступит в институт.
11. Завтра мы зайдем в это кафе, если не будем спешить.
12. если ты не позавтракаешь, ты пойдешь в школу голодным.
13. Когда она будет готовиться к докладу, она будет работать в библиотеке.
14. Когда он придет в школу, он будет внимательно слушать учителя.
15. Никто не будет с тобой разговаривать, если ты будешь грубым.
16. Я позвоню тебе, если у меня будет время.
17. Если это платье будет стоить слишком дорого, я куплю себе другое.
18. мама будет беспокоиться, если ты не придешь вовремя.
19. Если зима будет холодной и снежной, они будут кататься на коньках и
лыжах.
20. Что ты будешь делать, если такси не придет?
Translate the sentences:
1. If she finds out the truth, she will be very happy.
2. I’ll visit him in the hospital, if I know about his illness.
3. If we don’t like his suggestion, we’ll tell him about it.
4. If John wants the advice, he’ll ask you.
5. They’ll find the solution, if they understand the problem.
6. If Beth goes to her native town, she will be happier.
7. If you don’t agree with me. I’ll go to the director.
8. What will you do, if he tells you to leave?
Unit 10.
Complete these sentences with used toand with a suitable verb. Then translate
the sentences:
1. Dennis gave up smoking two years ago. He …………….. 40 cigarettes a day.
2. Liz …………….. a motorbike, but last year she bought a car.
3. We came to live in Moscow, but we ……………. in our village.
4. I rarely eat ice cream, but I ………….. it when I was a child.
5. Jim …………… my best friend, but we aren’t friends any more.
6. It takes me 40 minutes to get to my work since the new road was opened. It
…………….me about an hour.
7. There …………… a hotel opposite the station, but it closed a long time ago.
8. When you lived in London, you ……….. to the theater very often.
Translate the sentences:
1. We used to live in a small village, but now we live in London.
2. They lived there 4 years ago.
3. There used to be 4 cinemas in the town. Now there is only one.
4. There were many people in the street.
5. She used to watch TV a lot.
6. He was watching TV when the telephone rang.
7. I used to live alone.
8. You used to think I was unfriendly.
9. Diane used to travel a lot.
10. He used to play tennis but now I don’t play very often.
Unit 11
Rewrite sentences using the Passive Voice.
1. She has put her keys in her pocket.
2. Who has written this letter?
3. We didn't recognize Alex.
4. Tom gave us a completely false idea.
5. Where have you bought these flowers?
6. He always invites us.
7. Last year we rented the cottage from this couple.
8. Paul Hogan plays the leading role in this film.
9. My younger sister borrowed my book without asking.
10. She always criticizes the way I dress.
Translate the sentences:
1. Меня уже предупредили об опасности.
2. Нам сказали, что экзамен начнется в одиннадцать.
3. Менеджера можно найти в кабинете.
4. Письмо написано и отправлено.
5. Нам сказали, что оценки уже поставлены.
6. Его карьера началась пять лет назад.
7. Когда подадут обед?
8. Ученикам еще не объявили результаты экзамена.
9. Мама говорит, что все нужно делать вовремя.
10. В каких странах говорят по-английски?
11. Он думает, что его решения нельзя обсуждать.
12. Меня спросили об этом.
Rewrite sentences into the Active Voice.
1. I am sure I will be asked by police about this accident.
2. His honesty was acknowledged by all.
3. The leading role will be performed by my favourite actress.
4. The article has been altered by Nick.
5. His decisions are always approved by her.
6. The city was attacked by the enemies.
7. The window has been left open by somebody.
8. His adventures were described in his book.
9. The equipment has just been delivered.
10. My departure has been planned by me before.
Unit 12.
Translate the sentences:
1. Возможно, она сейчас на работе.
2. Они, возможно, сейчас работают в саду.
3. Может, ты потерял ключи на улице.
4. Она, возможно, учила английский в школе.
5. Возможно, я потерял их номер телефона.
6. Они, возможно, работают в саду.
7. Возможно, они в театре.
8. Завтра может пойти снег.
9. Возможно, она звонила вам.
10. Возможно, они ждали чего-то особенного от этого концерта.
Translate the sentences using Second Conditional:
1. Врачи помогли бы тебе, если бы ты слушал их рекомендации.
2. Если бы ее муж был тут, она бы была счастливой.
3. Если бы она работала более усердно, она бы зарабатывала больше.
4. Если б у меня было время, я бы мог рассказать тебе много интересных
историй.
5. Где бы ты хотел жить, если бы ты не жил здесь?
6. Если б у меня было больше денег, я бы дал тебе немного.
7. Если бы он знал иностранный язык, он мог бы сменить работу.
8. Если бы лети были тут, они помогли бы родителям.
9. Если б мы увидели их завтра, мы бы отдали им ключи.
10. Если б ученик был внимательным, он не сделал бы столько ошибок.
Unit 13
Translate the sentences using the Present Perfect Continuous:
1. Я просматриваю статьи с шести утра.
2. Он играет в футбол с детства.
3. Она разговаривает по телефону уже почти час.
4. Как долго вы изучаете английский язык? — Я изучаю этот язык уже три года.
5. Они уже полтора часа обсуждают этот вопрос.
6. Дети смотрят телевизор уже четыре часа?
7. Он думает о ней целый день.
8. Как долго она ждет автобус? - Она ждет его уже четверть часа.
9. Мы обсуждаем план работы с пяти часов.
10. С какого времени вы работаете в библиотеке? — Я работаю тут с утра.