III.Усвоение новых знаний.
Teacher: We have talked about different problems. Now let’s think and
discuss the following item: What things may help us be healthy.
Pupil: I think that food is very important for our health. All foods are different
forms of a few basic types of food your body needs. These food types are:
carbohydrates, proteins and fats. They contain other things – fiber, vitamins
minerals and water. Carbohydrates are your body’s main source of energy. Fruits,
cereals, bread, potatoes are high in carbohydrates. Proteins are building blocks of
life. They help your to build muscle, repair cells. Good sources of protein are fish,
poultry, eggs, meat. Fats are also important for our health. They provide our body
with fatty aids. Fats are found in eggs, cheese, milk, butter and nuts.
Teacher: Well, we see that healthy food is really important for health.
And what about vitamins? How many vitamins does our body need?
What are they?
Pupil: Our body needs 13 vitamins. They are: vitamin A, B,C,D and others.
Vitamin A gives you healthy eyes and skin and helps you grow. It is found in
carrots, liver. Vitamin B helps our body turn food into energy. It makes red blood
cells. Pork, peanuts contain this vitamin.
Vitamin C gives you healthy teeth, gums and bones. It is found in citrus fruits and
tomatoes. Vitamin D gives you strong bone. Milk is a good source for this vitamin.
Your skin makes vitamin D from sunlight.
Teacher: Yes, you are right. Scientists know about such disease as
Seasonal Affective Disorder. It is a form of depression caused by lack of
light in winter. The problem can be overcome by illuminating
workplaces with lights three times brighter than usual.
We know about such term as “grooming”. What rules of grooming do
Pupils: ---The first rule of grooming is to take care of your skin. The best way to
care is to take a shower or bathe every day. You should wash your hands before
every meal. A bright and shiny smile goes with a clean face.
----Your teeth enable you to chew up your food. So, you should take care of your
teeth by cleaning them after every meal and at bedtime. You should avoid snacks
----Your hair is also an important part of the outside of you. The first rule is to
wash your hair several times a week.
-----We shouldn’t forget about clothing. Fresh and clean clothes make you look
and feel good.