Конспект урока "Non-verbal means of communication - Body Language" 9 класс


Non-verbal means of communication" "Body Language". Урок
английского языка в 9-м классе.УMK — "Matrix Intermediate"
Чупина Людмила Александровна, учитель английского языка
Статья отнесена к разделу: Преподавание иностранных языков
Цели урока:
развитие навыков культуры поведения и контроля своими эмоциями в общении с
окружающими вас людьми;
умение использовать невербальные средства при общении с носителями языка.
Задачи урока:
активизация изученного лексического и грамматического материала по теме “Body
language” в речи учащихся;
закрепление навыков поискового и просмотрового чтения;
уделять внимание использованию “речевых клише” при выражении своего мнения;
развитие навыков поисковой и исследовательской работы при подготовке и написании
проектов.
Формы работы:
1. общегрупповая;
2. групповая;
3. парная.
Обеспечение урока:
видеофильм “Follow me”;
текст “Body language” из журнала “Speak out” №2/2004, стр. 16-17;
газета, выполненная учащимися с вырезками известных людей из различных газет;
плакаты на доске:
1. “There is no cosmetic for beauty like happiness”
2. “Beauty is power, a smile is its sword!
Дополнительная литература: “Язык телодвижений: как читать мысли других по их жестам” автор
Аллан Пиз.
Предварительная работа:
1. Показ фильма “Лицо” 1 и 2 части. Их обсуждение.
2. Показ различных жестов из книги Аллана Пиза и их толкование.
3. Сбор необходимой информации, ее анализ и написание проектов учащимися в группах.
План урока
The teacher:
Good morning, dear students and our guests! You are welcome to this wonderful, amazing and exciting
world called “Body language”. You can feel some mystery about it because we don’t know much about it.
Today we will try to open a small slot into it and understand some non-verbal means of communication.
Firstly, we will speak about our faces and facial expressions, then we shall read the text about meanings
of some gestures and postures. After that we shall try to analise some pictures and photos.
1) The teacher:
Look at the blackboard! You can see two statements on it:’There is no cosmetic for beauty like happiness’
and ‘Beauty is power, a smile is its sword’. Read them and try to explain their meaning.
Pupils give their explanation. Ask 3-4 pupils.
2) The teacher:
And now we shall try to make a spidergram on the blackboard and analise what our body language
consists of.
Pupil 1: It consists of “Facial expressions and gestures”
Pipul 2: It also contains “Sounds and touches”
Pupil 3: It is also important what we wear, our clothes.
3) The teacher:
What is the most important part of it? Why? Could you explain your ideas?
Pupil 1: In fact facial expressions and gestures have always been a powerful way of communicating and
many expressions have the same meaning all over the world. For example, people smile when they are
happy or frown when they are sad. However, some gestures may have different meanings in different
places. A friendly sign in one culture might be impolite in another so take care!
Pupil 2: Another way of showing your feelings is through touch or sounds that aren’t words. Sighs and
groans can show that you are bored, depressed or frustrated. But hugs and kisses can be signs of
affection and love.
Pupil 3: However, what we wear can say a lot about us. Business people and politicians usually wear
expensive suits in order to appear serious; people in the entertainment industry wear glamorous outfits;
and teenagers might wear designer jeans and pierce their noses.
4) The teacher:
Then we see that all three parts are important and can tell us a lot about a person when you meet him or
her for the first time.
Revisions of words connected with the topic. The group is divided into three small groups. Each small
group consists of 3 pupils. The first group should say only positive nouns. The second group only
negative nouns. The third group neutral nouns. The teacher throws a ball to each member of the group.
If a pupil repeat the word for the second time or say the word from another group , the teacher stops
asking the group. The other two groups should count the number of words said by the asked group. The
score is hung or written on the blackboard.
Possible answers:
Positive nouns
1. love
2. kindness
3. happiness
4. joy
5. devotion
6. faith
Neutral nouns
1. excitement
2. surprise
3. embarrassment
4. independence
5. uniterest
Negative nouns
1. hate
2. anger
3. sadness
4. impoliteness
5. cruelty
6. ill manners
6) The teacher shows three fragments from the film “Follow me”. They are shown without any sound.
Pupils should guess the people’s profession according to their gestures and postures.
The first woman is a hairdresser.
The second man is a dentist.
The third man is a footballer.
Pupils give their answers supporting them with their explanation.
7) The teacher:
Now we shall skim the text from the magazine “Speak out”. The text is called “Body language”
Have you ever wished you could read someone’s mind? Well, you can, just by picking up the
unconscious messages their body gives you.
1. Did you know that 93 per cent of our communication with others is non-verbal? What we actually
say makes up only seven per cent of the picture! That’s what US scientist Ray Birdwhistell found
out when he began to study body language back in the 1950s. he filmed conversations and then
played them back in slow motion to examine gestures, expressions and posture. When he
noticed the same movements happening again and again, he realised that the body can talk too!
2. We use our bodies to send messages all the time. We nod instead of saying “Yes”, shrug our
shoulders to mean “I don’t know”, or raise our eyebrows to show surprise.
3. But even when we don’t want other people to know how we’re feeling, our body language can
give us away. It’s not difficult to find out what someone is really thinking and they won’t ever
know it! The way we sit or stand, the expression on our face can reveal far more than words. But
many of us miss these important signals, because we don’t know what to look out for. Here are
some useful tips!
4. How can you tell if a friend is fibbing to you? They’ll often start blushing. They’re embarrassed
because they know they’re not telling the truth. They’ll probably look away while they’re talking as
well. That’s because our eyes can reveal what we’re thinking, even if we’re saying the opposite
out loud.
5. Boys tend to look at the ground when they’re lying, while girls look at the ceiling. If they put a
hand over their mouth, it’s another signal they’re lying. It’s as if they’re trying to cover up the lie.
6. We use folded arms as a defensive barrier to protect ourselves when we feel nervous or think
someone is criticising us. So, if you’re making a point in a discussion, and the others fold their
arms, you’d better give up! They’re shutting your ideas out and you won’t convince them even if
they say they agree with you.
Follow these tips, and you could become the most popular student in the school! You’ve met someone
who you’d like to get to know better. Look them in the eye it shows you’re sincere. When they’re talking,
lean slightly forward towards them and tilt your head on one side. This gives the message “I’m interested
and I’m playing attention”. Imitate their gestures. If they cross their legs, do the same. But be careful!
Don’t be too obvious or they’ll think you’re making fun of them.
Try to guess the main idea of the text. Don’t worry about the meaning of some words. The teacher asks
pupils about the main idea.
Possible answers:
1) We use our bodies to send messages all the time.
2) When we don’t want other people to know how we are feeling, our body language can give us away.
8) Teacher gives the task to three groups: match the heading with the paragraphs. Each member of the
group does this task individually, then they compare their answers . Each group is given a list with the
correct answers.The monitor of each group checks the anwers. The score is also written on the
blackboard.
The headings are:
a. Signals of lying for boys and girls;
b. If it is possible to hide our feelings;
c. Some history of non-verbal means of communication:
d. What reveals us;
e. How body language works?
The correct answers are: 1-c; 2-f; 3-b; 4-d; 5-a; 6-e.
The teacher:
Tell me, please, what interesting or new facts you have known from the text.
Pupils’ own answers.
The teacher:
And now we have the most important part of our lesson your projects. We will see what you have found
about body language and how it ‘works’ at different lessons.
Notes: One group consists of 4 pupils and the other consists of 5 pupils. They have prepared two
projects. The first project is “Our teachers’ faces – what is hidden behind them”. The second project is
‘Teachers – their gestures and postures signals to activate”.
Each group has a manager who introduces the group: 1
st
pupil is an editor, the 2
nd
pupil is a
photographer; 3-d pupil is a designer. Each project shows photos of different teachers working in the
lyceum. The photos were taken unexpectedly ; they can be taken at the lesson or during a break.
Members of the group describe the meanings of gestures of different teachers. Also they give their
explanation if it is easier to understand the teacher of physics, maths, history, literature or English when
he or she uses different gestures explaining some new material.
Pupils also speak about the importance of using “Body language” in a foreign country when you don’t
know its language perfectly well.
Some examples of pupils’ speech:
Pupil 1: For example, when a teacher moves her hands forward, she show us a development of
something or enumerates things. Such lessons as Physics couldn’t be taught without hands, because
some rules (like the rule of the right hand,the rule of the left hand) a teacher should show us- how to
dispose our hands in a right way.
Pupil 2: But sometimes the same gesture or phrase has different meanings in different countries and
cultures. For example, showing a thumb: in Russia it means that everything is all right, in England,
Australia and New Zealand people try to stop cars with this sign; in Greece this gesture is offence and
means “shut up”, in Italy people start to count things with a thumb and in the USA they finish counting
with it.
The history of appearance of the famous letters ‘OK’ is also interesting. Some people think that one man
wrote expression “all correct” with mistakes and since that time people have been telling a short form of
this phrase’OK’. There is also version that ‘Ok’ is the opposite to ‘KO’ that means ‘knockout’. Also there is
a legend that firstly expression’OK’ was said by the Spanish king. In France ‘OK’ means “Oh! Nothing”
and in Japan it means money. So if you go to a foreign country you should be attentive with gestures and
expressionsto be polite and well-mannered.
1) Pupils exchange their opinions about each other’s projects. They assess them.
The teacher comments on each project and the pupils’ activity at the lesson. Everybody gets marks. The
best pupils are awarded with ‘medals’. The groups get the 1
st
, 2
nd
or the 3d place according to the score
on the blackboard. The teacher thanks the pupils for their work at the lesson..