План-конспект урока "Ecological problems" 11 класс

“Ecological problems
ПЛАН-КОНСПЕКТ ОТКРЫТОГО УРОКА В 11 КЛАССЕ ПО ТЕМЕ
«ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ. ЗАЩИТА ОКРУЖАЮЩЕЙ СРЕДЫ»
Дата проведения: 26.02.2010
Практическая цель: Развитие умений говорения.
Сопутствующие задачи:
Совершенствование навыков восприятия и понимания ИЯ на слух,
формирование познавательных мотивов.
Активизировать лексику по теме в разных видах деятельности: аудирование,
говорение, письмо
Развивающая цель:
развивать навыки монологической речи, активизировать навыки диалогической
речи;
развивать самостоятельность в коммуникативной деятельности, поддерживать и
поощрять развитие творческих способностей учащихся.
Развивать у учащихся экологическое мышление, умение ценить окружающий мир,
умение ощущать себя неотъемлемой частью окружающего мира
Воспитательная цели:
Закрепление интереса к изучаемому языку,
воспитание активной жизненной позиции учеников в вопросах экологии;
воспитание экологической этики, умения любить и понимать прекрасное в природе.
Учить школьников бережно относиться к окружающей среде.
Оборудование: плакаты на экологическую тему, мультимедийная установка, аудиозапись
песни, раздаточный материал азеты, закладки, анкеты), таблички с названиями
организаций.
Ход урока
1. Организационный момент.
T: Good Morning children and guests! I'm glad to see you. Today we are going to have an
unusual lesson. It'll be a conference on the topic “Ecology”. We'll discuss a lot of important
problems connected with our topic. We'll have to make up some solutions of our problem.
Let's begin our conference. The representatives of many organizations from different
countries have come to the conference.
Attention please, look at the screen!
2. Репортаж
( Участники и гости смотрят мультимедийную презентацию. Ученики взяли интервью
друг у друга об экологии и экологических проблемах).
3. Просмотр фильма.
What ecological problems were mentioned? Name them please.
Problems to discuss: air pollution, water pollution, acid rains, disappearing animals, the
Greenhouse Effect, the Ozone Hole and many others
Let me introduce our guests to you:
Our photographer and the correspondent of newspaper “Prystalichcha” Alexei Korol.
Yulia Ninkina and Natalia Klochuryak, the representatives of “Akhova ptushak Batskaushchyny”
(APB-Birdlife Belarus);
Roman Shilo and Ruslan Fedartsov, the members of Global Environment Facility (GEF);
Arzhanova Antonina, the leader of Green Cross Belarus;
Anastasia Krylovich and Pavel Bashlakov, the representatives of Greenpeace;
Nikolayenko Vladimir and Kryshtaphovich Alexandra, the members of The World Wildlife
Fund;
The pupils of 11th form from Prilukskaya school.
Our guests are ready to speak. I want you to be attentive and then you’ll be able to ask them your
questions.
Let’s begin!
Who will be the first?
4. Начало обсуждения.
Pupils: (Представители организации «Ахова птушак Бацькаушчыны» рассказывают о своей
организации и её работе по защите птиц).
Teacher: Thank you for your reports! And now, please, representatives of Global Environment
Facility (GEF) will tell us about key activities of their organization and such ecological problems
as air pollution, ozone holes and greenhouse effect.
Pupils: (Представители Глобального экологического фонда рассказывают о деятельности
своей организации, л таких экологических проблемах, как загрязнение воздуха, озоновые
дыры и парниковый эффект).
Teacher: Let's listen to Arzhanova Antonina, the leader of Green Cross Belarus. What can you
tell us about such ecological problem as land pollution and trash. Listen, please, attentively.
Pupils: (представитель Зелёного креста Беларуси рассказывает о задачах своей
организации и проблеме мусора и загрязнения земли).
Teacher: “ Think globally, act locally” This is the motto of “ Greenpeace “ organization. Now the
representatives of Greenpeace, Anastasia Krylovich and Pavel Bashlakov, tell us about the
activity of their organization and the problems they are concerned about.
Pupils: (Представители Гринписа рассказывают о своей организации, о загрязнении воды и
кислотных дождях).
Teacher: Thank you for your reports! And now, please, listen to the representatives of the World
Wildlife Fund, Nikolayenko Vladimir and Kryshtaphovich Alexandra.
Pupils: (Представители Международного фонда по защите дикой природы рассказывают
об основании организации , об исчезновении животных и пандах).
Teacher: Unfortunately, the time is limited. I want each of you to leave your complaints,
suggestions, requests in our book.
You have a couple of minutes.
Thank you for your attention and participation in our programme. All of you were very active
and sociable. Today you have heard much information about each country. I hope you will make
a right decision!
Приложение 1
INTERVIEW
1 PUPIL
- May I ask you a question?
- Yes, please
- What is environment?
- All things around us are parts of our environment. Plants, animals and people need clean land,
clean water and clean air.
- What causes damage to the environment?
- Some people have not learned how to care of our earth. They are doing harmful things to our
land, water and even air. They are making pollution. Men have polluted the air, sea and land;
used most of the Earth’s oil, gas and coal; completely killed more than 500 kinds of animals,
birds and plants; made and used atomic bombs; grown in numbers from 1 billion (in 1830) to
nearly 6 billion today. It’s a disaster ant it’s still happening.
2 PUPIL
- May I ask you a question?
- Yes, please
- What is ecology?
- Ecology is the science of how living things are related to their environment. Many people all
over the world are concerned about the ecology today. The word “ecology” came from the Greek
which means “home”.
- Have you heard of Greenpeace?
- Yes, I have. GREEN PEACE is a world-known organization which does a lot to protect our
nature.
- What else do you know about the activity of GREEN PEACE?
- GREEN PEACE has brought the plight of the natural world to the attention of caring people.
Peaceful direct action by GREEN PEACE has invoked the power of public opinion which in turn
has forced changes in the law to protect wildlife and to stop the pollution of the natural world.
3 PUPIL
- May I ask you a question?
- Yes, please
-What ecological problems do you know?
- Air and water pollution, land pollution, acid rains, greenhouse effect, car noise, trash, holes in
the ozone layer, poisons in food, killing animals, extinction of species, deforestation, peat
reclamation and many others.
4 PUPIL
- May I ask you a question?
- Yes, please
- What can you tell me about the ecology of the Earth?
- The ecology of Earth is ill, the contradiction between man and nature may lead our planet to a
global catastrophe. That is why serious measures to protect environment should be undertaken.
- One should never forget that the Earth is our common and the only home. What should be
done?
- The answer is we must stop polluting of air, the land, the water. None-waste technologies,
refinery installations, strict ecological education of the population and thoughtful, careful
attitude to everything around you are the answers to the problem of environmental protection.
Only in this way we can save our planet for future generations.
Приложение 2
Выступления организаций
1
APB- Birdlife is the Birdlife International Partner in Belarus.
Birdlife International is a worldwide partnership of organizations working for the
conservation of birds and their habitats. It is the leading authority on the status of the world’s
birds and, using globally agreed criteria, is seeking to identify threatened species and the IBAs
that are vital for their long-term conservation.
NGO “Akhova ptushak Batskaushchyny (APB-Birdlife Belarus) was founded in 1998 and
now has more than 1500 members and 12 regional branches across the country. It is the largest
wildlife non-governmental organization in Belarus.
The main objectives of the organization are:
To protect and conserve the biological diversity of Belarus focusing on birds and their
habitats.
To increase the public awareness and knowledge of Belarus’ birds and the threats to their
existence.
To involve people in active nature protection activities.
Key activities:
o Study and conservation of wild birds.
o Participation in restoration of popularities of rare bird species, as well as species that
have nested previously.
o Participation in identification, conservation and restoration of habitats important for
birds.
o Involvement of people in practical activities aimed at conservation of wild bird species
and their habitats; fascilitating more active participation of the public in nature
conservation activities.
o Promoting of sustainable tourism.
In conclusion I want to say, APB-Birdlife Belarus does its best to find out answers to those
questions and make the international slogan “Save the birds – save the future” popular in
Belarus.
3
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was created to achieve global environmental
benefits by funding programmes and projects that address four focal areas-biodiversity, climate
change, international waters, and ozone layer depletion-and those that combat land degradation,
desertification, and deforestation as they relate to the focal areas.
Air pollution:
About 150 year ago the air was pure and clean. Then people started building factories
and many of the things they make, like cars, put a lot of harmful gases into the air. To day the air
is so polluted in some places that it's not always, safe to breathe there. Every year world industry
pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust and harmful substances. Many
cities suffer from smog. This is so strong in some places that the air, which should be a beautiful
blue, looks brown.
The increase in traffic is threatening serious air pollution in our cities, because vehicles,
not factories, produce most of toxic micro-particles, which do most harm. Toxic gases appear in
the atmosphere in critical concentration of carbon dioxide is expected to increase at rates that
could change the world’s climate. The commonest air pollution comes from the cigarette smoke,
which pollutes public places.
The Ozone Hole:
Up in the sky, above the air we breath, there's a layer of gas called ozone. It helps us by blocking
out the sun rays that can harm our skin and by letting the rays that are good for us come through.
Now the ozone layer is being damaged by gases that people have made. They are used in
refrigerators, air conditioners, plastic, foam, and some other things.
Scientists are very concerned about the ozone layer, because a lot of it has gone away in just a
few years. So, it's very important.
The Greenhouse Effect:
The "greenhouse effect" is caused by carbon dioxide, which prevents heat from escaping. Global
warming or the "greenhouse effect" can cause melting of the polar ice caps, raising of the sea
level, and flooding of the coastal areas of the world. There is every reason to fear that such a
climatic change may take place. If the earth’s temperature gets hotter by just a few degrees, it
could change the weather all over the planet in many ways.
Factories, electric power plants and cars are making a lot of new gases. These gases are trapping
more and more of the sun's heat.
4
Green Cross Belarus
Green Cross Belarus is an ecological NGO with the following objectives
o to promote ecological approach in all spheres of human activity for the sake of preserving
life on the planet and harmonious development of civilization;
o to encourage co-operation between government institutions and public, specialists and
talented youth in joint initiatives to solve concrete problems of ecology, science,
education, culture and health care;
o to raise the education and culture level of children and adults;
o to form ecological awareness of the society in all spheres of human activity;
On the voluntary basis GCB integrates scientists, teachers, doctors, engineers, artists,
intellectuals, students and other concerned individuals around Belarus.
One of the problems of land pollution is making large piles of trash. Trash is made of
boxes, bags, paper, cans, plastics, clothing and bottles. It is also made up of old food called
garbage. Some trash gets burned. When plastics and some other manmade things are burned,
gases are given off. Too much of these gases can make people and animals sick. But it would be
better if we try to recycle things which we throw in trash. Waste paper, newspapers, unnecessary
metal thing must be saved and brought for recycling to special recycling centers. We’ll help to
save energy in such a way and to get rid of wastes and pollution associated with the production
from raw materials.
Another problem of land pollution is using too many chemicals to grow vegetables and
fruit. Too many chemicals in the ground can harm the soil. If our vegetables, fruit and meat are
grown without chemicals, they will be safer for us to eat.
5
Greenpeace stands for positive change through action. We defend the natural world and promote
peace. We organise public campaigns:
o for preventing climate change by ending our addiction to polluting fuels and promoting
clean, renewable and efficient energy
o for the protection of oceans and ancient forests
o for the elimination of toxic chemicals
o against the release of genetically modified organisms into nature
o for nuclear disarmament and an end to nuclear contamination.
We are committed to the principles of non-violence, political independence and internationalism.
In exposing threats to the environment and in working to find solutions, Greenpeace has no
permanent allies or enemies.
Greenpeace has played the main role in the adoption of:
o a ban on toxic waste exports to less developed countries
o a moratorium on commercial whaling
o a United Nations convention providing for better management of world fisheries
o bans on the dumping at sea of radioactive and industrial waste and disused oil
installations
o a ban on all nuclear weapons testing - our first ever campaign, etc.
. Water pollution:
The planet Earth s mostly water. Oceans cover the biggest part of it and there are lakes, rivers
and oven water underground. Rivers and Lakes are polluted by garbage or by poisonous
chemicals which are dumped right into them.
Acid Rains:
When we look up, we see the clouds and the blue sky. But there are other things in the sky that
we don't see. Some of them are harmful to the Earth.
When power plants burn coal to make electricity, and when cars burn gasoline, invisible gases
are released into the air. Some of these gases can mix with water and make it acidic, like lemon
or vinegar. Acid rain is harmful to planets, rivers and lakes and the creatures that live in them.
It es very important for us to stop making acid rains. One good way to do that is to drive our cars
less. Another good way is to save energy. The less energy we use, the less coal those plants will
have to burn.