53. settle down – обосноваться, поселиться
6. Read text A and translate it using the words from the Presentation 1.
Прочитайте и переведите текст “А” устно, опираясь на слова Презентации 1.
Text А. THE KOMI REPUBLIC.
The total area of the republic is 416.8 thousand square kilometers. The Urals form is the highest part of
the Republic. They stretch from the South to the North. The TIMAN mountain ridge runs from the
Southeast to the North-West of our republic. No hills go higher here than 500 m.
Forests cover much of the Republic. The fir– tree, the bird–cherry tree, the rowan tree, the alder, the
birch, the poplar, the acacia, the lilac are characteristic trees of our land. Then forests give place to
extensive forest-tundra and marshlands. They occupy 3 million hectares of our land.
The climate is severe in the North and relatively mild in the South– West and in the South of our
Republic. The temperature range is from +1 (one degree above zero) in the South to-6 (six degrees
below zero) in the North. The chief rivers are the PECHORA, the VYCHEGDA & the MEZEN. They are well
supplied with water.
The fauna of the Republic is much similar to that of NORTH-WESTERN EUROPE. There are more than 200
species of mammalia including the fox, the polar fox, the silver fox, the bear, the marten, the elk, the
lynx and others, smaller animals include squirrels, hares and so on. There are more than 200 species of
birds such as blackcock, hazel hen, cuckoo, drake, wood grouse, partridge. Some of them are resident.
The rest are regular visitors to our places. Freshwater fish and saltwater fish include salmon, white
salmon, s i g, perch, bream*, pike, sterlet, b u r b o t, gray ling, ruff and others.
Our Republic is rich in mineral resources such as oil, natural gas, coal, bauxite, iron, gold, timber,
manganese. Industry plays a very important part in the economy of our Republic. Coal has been mined
on a large scale. The chief coalfields are in VORKUTA & INTA. Timber industry is the largest sector in the
economy. Oil is exported to many parts of our country through the pipelines Usa – Uhta-YAROSLAVL.
Most of the natural gas deposits are located in VUKTYL is the main producing area.
The chief root crops of our place are potatoes, green vegetables, carrots, beets, onions, and garlic. Our
crops include wheat and oats, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, peas, cabbages.
The first hunters and fishermen came to our land in the Vth-Vlth centuries and they settled down along
the PECHORA, the VYCHEGDA & the lakes. Now more than one million people live here.
7. Read text B and translate it with a dictionary. Presentation 2.
Прочитай те текст “В” со словарём и выпишите незнакомые слова в транскрипции. Презентация 2.
Text B. THE KOMI REPUBLIC.