Презентация "The political systems of English - speaking countries"


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The political systems of English - speaking countries. Составление и оформление презентации: учитель английского языка Пахайло Ю.Л. МОУ СОШ № 4 ст. Кущевская Краснодарский край

  • Составление и оформление презентации: учитель английского языка Пахайло Ю.Л. МОУ СОШ № 4 ст. Кущевская Краснодарский край
  • The political systems of
  • English - speaking countries.

  • Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state, but she has no real power. Her role is mostly ceremonial. And the Queen and the royal family continue to take part in many traditional ceremonies. Her power is limited by Parliament. Parliament comprises the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Queen in her constitutional role. The center of Parliamentary power is the House of Commons. The House of Commons makes laws, discusses political problems. The party which has majority of the seats in the House of Commons is called the Government.

  • The largest political parties are the Conservatives, Labour and the Liberal Democrats. Elections, in which citizens over 18 may vote, are held every five years. Since 1973, Britain has been a member of the European Community.

The government:

  • The government:
  • The Prime Minister-is the head of government.
  • The Cabinet
  • about 20 ministers, determines government policies and coordinates government
  • departments

Parliament

  • The House of Commons
  • (About 650 elected members of Parliament)
  • Makes laws, discusses political problems
  • The House of Lords
  • (over 1,100 permanent, non elected members, peers)
  • Examines and revises bills from the House of Commons
  • Can delay bills for one year

Tell about the political system in Great Britain using the chart

  • Who is the head of the executive branch in Britain?
  • Who is the head of the British Government?
  • How many ministers are there in the Cabinet?
  • How many Houses does Parliament consist of?
  • Who is in the House of Commons?
  • Who forms the House of Lords?

The USA

  • The USA is a presidential republic. The President is the head of the state. He is elected by the people and he is not a member of the American Parliament, Congress. Congress, the legislative branch of the federal government, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

  • The branches
  • of the Government
  • The House of
  • representatives
  • +
  • Senate
  • Administration
  • President+
  • Vice President
  • + Cabinet
  • Supreme Court
  • Legislative
  • Congress
  • Legislative
  • Executive
  • Judicial

The President

  • The President can veto laws passed by Congress.
  • Congress can pass laws over the Presidents veto by a two-thirds majority.
  • The President appoints federal judges.
  • The Senate must approve the Presidents judicial appointments.
  • The Court can declare laws unconstitutional.

Tell about the political system in the USA using the chart

  • Who is the head of executive branch in the USA?
  • Which officials in the USA are elected and which are appointed?
  • Is the head of state elected directly by the people in the USA?
  • Which institution represents the judicial branch of government?

  • Great Britain
  • The USA
  • Political system
  • A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch
  • A presidential republic
  • The head of state
  • The Queen
  • The President
  • The legislative branch
  • Parliament
  • The House of Commons
  • The House of Lords
  • Congress
  • The House of representatives+ Senate
  • The executive branch
  • Queen
  • The Prime Minister
  • The cabinet
  • Non-Cabinet Ministers
  • President
  • Vice President
  • + Cabinet
  • Guaranteed basic rights
  • The Constitution

New Zealand

  • New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. The British monarchy is the head of state, represented by the governor-general. As in Great Britain, the legislature is called the Parliament. In New Zealand, however, Parliament consists of only a single chamber, the House of Representatives. Its members are elected every three years. There are 2 major parties: National and Labour. The Prime – minister, who heads the formal Executive Council and the informal but influential Cabinet. Executive power is vested in a governor-general, representing the crown, and a Cabinet and Prime-minister.

True or False

  • New Zealand is a colony of Great Britain
  • The British monarch is the head of state in New Zealand.
  • The Parliament represents the legislative branch.
  • The Parliament has 2 houses.
  • The governor-general is part of the legislative branch.

  • 1 False
  • 2 True
  • 3 True
  • 4 False
  • 5 False