Washington is the capital city of the United States
It does not belong to a state, you know. It’s a city and district – the District of Columbia. Washington, D.C. is located on the east coast. It was chosen by George Washington as the permanent site for the nation’s capital in 1800. It was he, who named the land D.C. after Christopher Columbus. And this city was named after the first American President.
Washington D.C. is one of the only cities in the world that was designed before it was built.
It is well planned. Washington is one of the most beautiful and unusual cities in the USA. It has little industry, and only one million people. One reason Washington looks different from other cities is that no building in the city may be more than 40 meters tall. There are no skyscrapers, because they would hide the city’s many monuments from view.
The heart of the city is the capitol
George Washigton decided to put the Capitol building on a hill at one end of the city, and the president’s house on a hill at the other end. Nowadays the Capitol is the best starting point for sightseeing about the city. It is the tallest building in Washington, D.C., and the most famous building in the USA, because this is where laws are made and the Congress meets. The Capitol is surrounded by a beautiful garden with many trees and flowers.
In Washington, D.c. there are memorials to the most famous american presidents
The Washington Monument was built in honor of George Washington. It is 555 feet tall and provides a panoramic view of Washington via elevator. It is called the “Pencil” because of its shape.
The Lincoln memorial is just opposite the washington monument
It was built in honor of Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the United States. Inside the Lincoln Memorial there is a huge statue of the former president.
The Jefferson Memorial is located at the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C.
It commemorates Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the USA. Inside is a 19-foot statue of Thomas Jefferson standing on a 6-foot pedestal. His
writings from the Declaration of Independence are inscribed on the walls.
The white House is a symbol of the country
Like most big old houses the White House has its story closely connected with the history of the American capital. It is the beautiful home of every President of the United States, except the first president, George Washington. This is the oldest public building in Washington, D.C., and has the most famous address in the country – 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. It consists of 132 rooms. The White House belongs to everyone in the USA. It is open for tours.
The national mall is the area between the capitol and the washington memorial
Bikeways, footpaths, information kiosks are located there. One can easily find a park, a square or an open area in the city. The Smithsonial Institution, which consists of 9 the Smithsonial museums and the Information Centre, are located on the Mall. The museums contain many historical objects great works of art.
Outside the city there is the arlington national cemetry
One can see the enternal flame on the Tumb of the Unknown Soldier here. John F.Kennedy, the 35th American President, whose death shocked everyone in America, was buried in the Arlington National Cemetry.
Thousands of tourists visit Washington every day. People from all parts of the United States come to see their capital and the monuments to those who in past centures struggled for the independence of their country.