Конспект урока "Civil Rights Leaders. Martin Luther King" 9 класс

Ss handout 13, December 2014
Unit 2. Lesson 17. Civil Rights Leaders. Martin Luther King.
I. Look at the portraits. Do you know these people?
1 2 3
Match their names with the portraits:
Andrei Sakharov
Mahatma Ganghi
Martin Luther King, Jr.
What countries are they from? What are they famous for?
II. Civil rights. Make a list of civil rights. (in groups). Share your ideas with your classmates.
The right to vote
III. Listening comprehension. Glossary
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Montgomery, Alabama
Baptist church
Rosa Parks
Memphis, Tennessee
were denied didn’t have the right to
to pass a law to vote for the law
unfair treatment not taking someone as equal
followers friends going after you
marches and boycotts demonstrations and protests
to be held to be organized
civil rights movement движение за гражданские
1.Listen to the text “Martin Luther King” and say what methods he used in his struggle for
civil rights.
2. Listen to the text again and do the task ex6 p 64 from your SB.
3. Brainstorm the questions in groups.
4. Read the text and mark the facts which were not mentioned in the text listened.
Martin Luther King (1929-1968) was a black clergyman (священник) and leader of the
struggle for racial equality and civil rights in the United States. King was born in Atlanta,
Georgia, on 15 January 1929, the son of a Baptist minister (священник). He became a pastor in
1947 and after studying at Boston University took up his first ministry (приход) in Montgomery,
Alabama. In 1956 he led a campaign to end the separation of black from white people on public
transport. He travelled throughout the United States and abroad, lecturing and meeting many
civil and religious leaders. An inspiring(страстный, вдохновенный) speaker, he was influenced
by the example of Gandhi. Although often arrested and threatened (once he was stabbed
(ударили ножом) and his home was bombed), he always urged (призывал) his followers not to
use violence (насилие). In 1963 he was one of the leaders of great civil rights march to
Washington DC and encouraged blacks to secure(защитить) their full voting rights. In 1964 he
received the Nobel Peace Prize and gave the civil rights movement the prize money, saying that
he regarded(воспринимать) the award as a tribute( награда) to all who worked with him. On 4
April 1968 King’s life ended tragically when he was shot during a civil rights campaign in
Memphis, Tennessee.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 30 January 1948) was a major political
and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. Gandhi first employed non-
violent civil disobedience as a lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's
struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants,
farmers, and city workers in protesting excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming
leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing
poverty, for expanding women's rights, for building religious and ethnic amity, for increasing
economic self-reliance, but above all for achieving the independence of India from foreign
domination. Gandhi famously led Indians in protesting the British-imposed salt tax with the
400 km) Salt March in 1930. He was imprisoned for many years, on numerous occasions, in
both South Africa and India. Gandhi was a practitioner of non-violence and truth, and advocated
that others do the same. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore
the traditional Indian clothes. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as
means of both self-purification and social protest. On 30 January 1948, Gandhi was shot and
killed while having his nightly public walk
Gandhi's principles: Truth, Nonviolence, Vegetarianism, Simplicity, Faith.
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (May 21, 1921 December 14, 1989) was an eminent Soviet
nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist. Sakharov was an advocate of civil liberties
and reforms in the Soviet Union. Sakharov was born in Moscow on May 21, 1921. Sakharov
entered Moscow State University in 1938. On World War II's end, Sakharov researched cosmic
rays. In 1948 he participated in the Soviet atomic bomb project under Igor Kurchatov. He was
awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975, although he was not allowed to leave the Soviet Union
to collect it. His wife read his speech at the ceremony in Oslo, Norway.
Sakharov was named
the 1980 Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association..He helped to initiate the
first independent legal political organizations and became prominent in the Soviet Union's
growing political opposition. In March 1989, Sakharov was elected to the new parliament, the
All-Union Congress of People's Deputies and co-led the democratic opposition. Soon after 9:00
pm on December 14, 1989, Sakharov went to his study to take a nap before preparing an
important speech he was to deliver the next day in the Congress. A sudden heart attack had taken
his life at the age of 68.
Group 1.
What civil rights were Afro-Americans denied in 1950-1960s?
What did Rosa Parks arrest lead to?
What action was held in 1963 in Washington DC ?
Group 4.
What victories did the Civil Rights Movement win?
5. Read the info about other Civil Rights Leaders and compare them all. What have they got
in common? Different?
6 . Did King’s ideas get development nowadays? Give examples to prove your opinion.