Словообразование ФИПИ

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People spend hours talking on their mobile phones. There is an opinion that it may be _____HARM_____ to
their health, but it is difficult to know for sure. Some research shows that mobile phones may cause brain
problems. On the other hand, some doctors say mobiles are not ____DANGER____ at all. No matter what
doctors say, it’s just _____POSSIBLE____ to live without a mobile phone today. It has become a very
_____USE_____ device and people can’t do without it. It makes our life _____COMFORT_____ and saves
time. People can get in touch with each other quickly. Mobile phones make ______COMMUNICATE____
Learning languages is becoming a popular hobby with children and adults. It’s not only interesting but very
______USE____, too. Foreign languages improve memory and develop _____IMAGINE____. People who are
able to speak two or more languages ______FLUENT____ are usually more successful than their monolingual
colleagues. They are better in making business and ____PERSON___ contacts. They are more
_____CREATE______ and they are better in solving conflicts as they are able to accept new ideas and different
points of view. Foreign languages make life more _____INTEREST_____ and colourful.
British cuisine is simple. Puddings, stews, pies and breads are _____TRADITION___ British dishes. Many of
them are cooked and eaten on holidays. The choice of dishes has been influenced by the climate, history and
____GEOGRAPHY____ position of the country. England is ____FAME_____ for its butter and cheese. The
most popular of them is, of course, cheddar. Scotland is known for its _____TASTE_____ meat dishes and
cakes. Wales has a strong fishing culture. As a result, Welsh cookery includes a lot of seafood, such as shrimps
and crabs. However, nowadays most British restaurants offer food from ______DIFFER____ parts of the world.
The choice depends only on your pocketbook and your _____IMAGINE______.
How do people learn the news? About a century ago people got _____INFORM___ from newspapers since they
were the only mass media that existed in those times. Radio and television seemed ____WONDER____
inventions as they broadcasted audio and visual images. The Internet has changed the situation dramatically.
Now the audience has an opportunity to create the news, share their ____PERSON____ knowledge and express
their opinions. The Internet supposes interaction, which makes it very ____ATTRACT_____ to people. And
what about the newspapers? Will they _____APPEAR____ in the near future? I wish they wouldn’t as I like
starting my day with a cup of coffee and a ____TRADITION____ newspaper.
atatouille is an American cartoon. The name of the cartoon comes from a ____TRADITION____ French dish
made of vegetables. The main character is a rat Remy, who is interested in cooking and dreams of becoming a
____SUCCESS___ chef. Remy is separated from his family at the _____BEGIN____ of the movie. So he finds
himself in Paris, France. There his unusual ___FRIEND____ with a poor boy begins. They both don’t care that
most people hate rats and try to get rid of them. Remy wants to help the boy. He tries to teach him how to cook
_____TASTE____ dishes. The story ends ___HAPPY___ and the friends start a new restaurant.
Dublin is the capital city of the Republic of Ireland. It has an ____NATIONAL____ airport with flights from
London and European capitals. Dublin is a _____BEAUTY____ and cosmopolitan city. If you walk along its
different central streets, you will find a wide range of _____DIFFER____ shops, bars and restaurants. If you like
sightseeing, you can also visit the famous Dublin castle, one of the most _____IMPRESS_____ buildings in the
city. Dublin is a green city. It is such a pleasure to walk there on a hot ______SUN____ day. In the evening you
can listen to ____TRADITION_____ Irish music played in the streets and in the pubs.
What do you think is the most stressful and ___DANGER_____ job in Britain? Is it a police officer, a detective
or a news ____REPORT____? Well, statistics say it is a London taxi driver. It is a ____REAL_____ hard job as
traffic is getting worse. If we sit in a traffic jam for a few minutes, we start feeling ____NERVE_____ and
irritated. But imagine you had to do that every day as your job! And you have to remain ____CARE_____ and
attentive in spite of everything. London taxi drivers have to have a good memory to be able to take a
_____TRAVEL___ from A to B without looking at the map or asking for directions.
My first job was working at a bakery. When I walked from my house to the bakery I could smell the
____WONDER___ fresh bread. I loved it. I worked ____DAY___ after school and at weekends. It made about
twenty hours a week. One of the most _____FANTASY___ things about the bakery was that I could eat all I
wanted there. I couldn't stop eating the fresh buns, rolls and cakes. They were so ___TASTE____. Mrs. Bradley,
the _____OWN____ of the bakery, was a very nice woman. She had no children and she treated me like her own
granddaughter. I liked her too and did my best to be as ___HELP____as possible.
In Andorra people live longer than in any other European country. It seems they have discovered the secret of a
long and ____HEALTH______ life. People in Andorra stay active and __ENERGY___ at old age. They attend
gyms and public _____SWIM______ pools for free. Exercise is one reason, the others are clean air and a diet
based on vegetables and olive oil. People of all ages in Andorra are cheerful and ____FRIEND______. They
think that life is ____FANTASY______ and they do their best to enjoy it. Andorra is the most
____PEACE______ country in Europe they haven’t had a war for 700 years.
Ballroom dancing in the UK is making a comeback. For the past five years the popularity of ballroom dancing
has grown thanks to the TV show 'Strictly Come Dancing'. In the show a professional ballroom
____DANCE____ has a celebrity for a partner. They learn ___DIFFER____ ballroom dances and perform them
live on TV. Four judges and the public decide who stays in the ____COMPETE___ and who leaves. The show
demonstrates how glamorous ballroom dancing is. The celebrities wear ____COLOUR____ dresses and suits
and the show looks very ____IMPRESS____. According to the ratings, the ___PERFORM_____ is becoming
more and more popular with TV audiences.
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The best thing about shopping in London is that there really are hundreds of cool shops selling
____FASHION____ clothes. Only here you can find a wide choice of _____ORIGIN____ and unique shops.
Sometimes you can buy _____FANTASY____ things there. You can spend a whole day in a shopping centre,
have lunch in one of the European or ____ENGLAND____ restaurants, see a new film in the cinema and even
enjoy a ___PERFORM____. But be ___СARE____ London shops are expensive! Don’t leave all your money
in the shopping centre.
London is famous for its history and its sights. It is also a wonderful place for shopaholics. There are lots of
_____DIFFER_____ places to go. For example, you can go to Oxford Street. Sometimes it gets too
___CROWD_____ and noisy, especially during the sales. If you don’t like it, go to Covent Garden. There you
can have a _____LOVE_____ cup of tea or a cappuccino in a quiet coffee house. You can also watch a street
_____PERFORM___. Portobello Road is the right place to go if you want to buy unique and ____USUAL_____
things. Shopping in London is always an ___EXCITE___ experience and it’s worth trying.
Every year the world goes dark for one hour, the Earth Hour. The event is organised by the ___NATION____
World Wildlife Fund. At tourist destinations, in offices and private homes, lights are switched off for one hour at
____EXACT____ 8:00 pm. The idea is to show that our planet is in danger and it needs care and
____PROTECT____. It's ____POSSIBLE____ to remain indifferent to changes in the climate which go on and
on. The Earth Hour is not about saving an hour’s electricity. It’s about realising that we live on a
____WONDER____ planet and need to look after it not just for an hour a year but every day. The Earth Hour
is a part of an ____ECOLOGY___ education whose aim is to make people understand their responsibility to the
The Turners were not used to snow. The most they ever got in Birmingham was an inch or so each winter. Even
that happened quite _____RARE_____. The _____FUN_____ thing was that a tiny bit of snow was enough to
cancel school and even to close some businesses. One night, in March of 1993, something very
___EXCITE_____ happened. Very cold air from Canada created the "Storm of the Century". When the Turner
kids woke up on Saturday morning, there were 17 inches of ____WONDER_____ snow as far as the eye could
see. The Turners were in shock. They had no idea what to do. Though Mr. Turner was an experienced
____DRIVE____ he chose to leave his car in the garage. He wanted the whole family to stay at home but it was
natural for the kids to ______AGREE____ with him. They put on the warmest clothes they had and ran outside
to enjoy the snow.
Dr Michael Werner says that he has eaten nothing for four years. The German ____SCIENCE______ explains
that he gets all his energy from sunlight. He says he drinks only water and ____DIFFER______ fruit juices. Dr
Werner has written an ____EXCITE______ book about his experiences. In it he says that when he started the
experiment he even put on weight.
He says: "I can't really give an _____EXPLAIN_____ of what’s happening to me; perhaps I just believe in my
Dr Werner’s colleagues say that only plants can produce energy from the sun, and they cannot explain how he is
able to stay _____HEALTH_____.
“This case ,____PROBABLE____, needs a lot more research before we will be able to explain it,” they say.
Many tourists find they don't like staying in city hotels. They prefer to avoid _____NOISE____ cities
completely. They are attracted instead to dramatic views of mountains and _____PEACE____ valleys. If you like
this sort of tourism, Mountain View Camp is for you. You’ll have an ____FORGETTABLE___ vacation there.
The Camp has a view over the ____IMPRESS____ Hampson Valley. In the camp, tourists can rent either tents or
bungalows. All the guests have free access to different facilities such as kitchens, bathrooms and playgrounds for
children. The camp is a successful ____COMBINE____ of both comfort and a green environment. The tourists
can also have lunch in one of the many restaurants and try European or ____NATION_____ cuisine.
Millions of people want to learn English. There are lots of ____DIFFER___ methods and the main problem is
how to choose the best one. Some people believe that the most ____EFFECT____ way is to study English in
Britain or in any other English-speaking country. The advantage of going to Britain seems obvious. Everyone
around you speaks English. It’s practically ____POSSIBLE____ to avoid communication, so you’ll learn English
____QUICK____. On the other hand, one can learn English at home. There are lots of possibilities there too: a
good _____TEACH_____, a language school or an on-line course. There are many ways to get a good language
____EDUCATE___ now.
If someone asks what your nationality is, how do you answer? For British people _____NATION_____ identity
is a complex issue. Take me for example. I carry a passport issued by the British ____GOVERN____. I was born
in England, but my Mum is Scottish and my Granny is from Northern Ireland. So what am I?
____ACTUAL____, I am really all of them: English, Irish, Scottish and British. Each of the “nations” has a lot in
common but they also have their own unique culture and ___TRADITION____ lifestyle. They ___LIKE_____ it
when people call them English. And perhaps the most important ____DIFFER____ of all each nation has its
own football team!
The city of St Davids is situated on the south-west coast of Wales. If you're looking for an ____USUAL_____
place to go, this is your destination. It was granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II but in reality St Davids looks
like an ____ATTRACT______ small village. It is actually the smallest city in Britain with a
______POPULATE____ of just over 1,600. St Davids has a ______BEAUTY_____ medieval cathedral which
dates back to the 12th century. Today it is a _____CHARM_____ place with narrow streets filled with cafes,
hotels and art galleries but only one pub! St Davids is famous for its sandy beaches and clear water.
Whitesands Bay is a regular ____WIN_____ of the prestigious European Blue Flag award.
Reading is one of the most popular pastimes and books are one of the main sources of knowledge. Everyone
knows this but, _____FORTUNATELY____, there are many young people who don’t like to read. They say it is
not cool but I firmly _____AGREE_____ with them. Books have the ability to take you to another world, to
wake up your _____IMAGINE____ and transport you to places you’ve never been to. Books can be
____DIFFER_____ in size and content. Their stories can be ____EXCITE____, scary, romantic or funny but
above all, books are just interesting. I'm absolutely sure that books by a good ____WRITE____ will always be
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Siem Reap is a small town in Cambodia, a country in southeast Asia. It is built around a ___FAME____
cathedral. The town is charming with some fine examples of French colonial architecture. A legend says that a
French ____WRITE_____ once called the town “a pearl of Cambodia”. Nowadays, this town is quite popular
with tourists. They often use it as a starting point for their _____EXCITE____ travellings. The town is really
remarkable. There you will find some _____IMPRESS_____ stone monuments and statues, ancient buildings
and picturesque ruins. Note that it’s ___USUAL_____ hot there in the summer. Please ensure that you take
____COMFORT______ walking shoes, light clothing and plenty of water to drink.
Piranhas are South American fish. There are lots of scary stories about them. Most people think that piranhas are
very _____DANGER____ creatures. However, a ____SCIENCE___ from St Andrews University, Anne
Magurran, has recently announced that to call piranhas cruel killers is not fair. They ____USUAL____ eat fish,
plants and insects. According to Professor Anne Magurran, piranhas attack people and animals only when they
want to defend themselves. However, most travellers strongly __AGREE_____ with this point of view. They
recommend keeping away from the water where piranhas live. When the fish attack in groups, it is practically
___POSSIBLE_____ to survive. Whatever your opinion of piranhas, this is a _____USE______ piece of advice
one should follow.
Have you heard of a Tadeus Bodnar? He is a ____FAME_____ Hungarian hairdresser. Not long ago he stopped
using the _____TRADITION_____ scissors and comb. Now his instruments are axes, irons and vacuum
cleaners. Now he is very _____SUCCESS_____ and happy because with his innovative techniques he can
express himself better. He cuts hair in his shop in Budapest by chopping it with an axe. Then he styles the hair
using a vacuum cleaner, or straightens it with an iron. It’s difficult to believe but the extravagant hairdresser is
very popular. Many people find him very _____CREATE____. Every day there’s an ____END____ line of
people streaming to his shop. They wish to change their ___APPEAR_____ and have a thrilling, new
Axel is a 9-year-old Bulgarian orphan (сирота). He was adopted by a ____WEALTH_____ western family. His
new father works as a _____BANK____ in Sweden and he is quite rich. Axel ____REGULAR____ wrote e-
mails to the director of the orphanage, Jane Smitova. He told her that he was saving his Christmas and birthday
money to help his friends. Axel said that he wanted the money to be spent on presents for his former playmates.
Later Jane said “I understood that ____FRIEND_____ meant a lot to a small boy but I would never have
imagined that Axel could be talking about such an __POSSIBLE____ sum of money. It’s so touching and we
are going to spend it in a very _____CARE____ way." The boy saved £6,000.
People are afraid of lots of things. There are many _____DIFFER____ kinds of fears called phobias. They affect
at least a quarter of the ____POPULATE_____. The _____TRADITION_____ treatment for people with strong
phobias is some kind of therapy. In most cases it doesn’t work but doctors still believe that phobias can be cured.
___RECENT______ they have discovered a drug which can help people to overcome their phobias. It doesn’t
work for everybody but when it does, it is very ___EFFECT_____. People, who take the pill feel much better
most of their fears ____APPEAR_____.
People travel a lot nowadays. Planes are considered to be the most ____COMFORT____ means of transport but
for some people airports can be a nightmare. There are ___END_____ queues when you check in and you waste
lots of time if your flight is delayed. However, there are some airports where you can ____ACTUAL_____ enjoy
yourself. For example, you’ll never be bored at Hong Kong’s international airport. There are thousands of people
from _____DIFFER____ countries here but the passengers never experience any problems because everything is
well organised. There are attendants in red coats, who help you to get from one place to another. It’s very good
for people with no sense of ____DIRECT_____. The attendants are always very polite and _____HELP_____
Can people live without friends? Most of us would say "no". Friends make our lives enjoyable and
___INTEREST____. Friendship is something you can't buy. It is a ____WONDER____ and valuable gift. It is
____POSSIBLE____ to live without people who care for you and who are always ready to help. However, to
find a true friend is not easy. Friendship requires honesty, trust and ____KIND___. Being a friend means not
only having fun together but helping each other in a difficult _____SITUATE_____. A true friend not only
praises you but tells you when you are not right too. If you have already found such a person, you're
Last spring my best friend Isabelle and I booked a holiday in Venice. We rented a small apartment for a week
with a _____WONDER_____ view of the town. At the last moment another friend, Linda, asked if she could
come with us. She was a ___FRIEND___, cheerful girl and we were glad to have her join us. Venice was a
______FANTASY______ place and we enjoyed our trip greatly. Linda was fond of history and she told us lots
of _____INTEREST_____ facts about the town. We also liked the Italian food very much. The waiter in the
nearby pizzeria was a boy from Britain, so we never had any problems with _____COMMUNICATE____. The
only _____PLEASANT____ thing about Venice was the weather. It was unusually cold and windy that week.
Last year my friend Mia and I went on holiday to Thailand. We stayed in a _____FAME______ resort which is
popular with tourists. We were very ____LUCK______ with the weather and we spent most of our days on the
beach. The ocean was _____FANTASY_____ the water was clear and warm. Thailand is a former French
colony and that’s why French is very popular there. Mia was delighted with this fact because she learns French,
she wants to be a ____TEACH_____ of French, and she was able to practise the language there. She is also
interested in architecture and she found some fine examples of the French colonial style in Thailand. It was an
_____FORGETTABLE____ trip for me too. I am a photographer and I took lots of pictures of people and nature.
Several magazines found my photos ____INTEREST______ enough to publish. I feel very proud of that.
I unexpectedly met my old friend Natalie at a metro station in Paris. I recognised her at once though we hadn’t
seen each other for ten years. Now she works as a ____REPORT_______ for Le Figaro newspaper. Our
____FRIEND________ began when we were at school. After school, Natalie left Britain. French was her
favourite subject and she went to university in Paris. It is one of the most ___FAME_________ opera houses in
the world. Now she is a very ____SUCCESS________ journalist. Her life is busy and exciting. I was
____LUCK________ that she managed to find some time for me. Natalie made my visit to Paris
___FORGETTABLE________. She took me to the most interesting places in the city. In the evening we even
watched a performance at The Grand Opera House.
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Jenny doesn’t have many friends, but she has lots of books. Jenny likes fantasy stories best. She has a rich
____IMAGINE_____ which takes her to magical lands. Jenny often feels like she is a part of the story. She
enjoys being in someone else's shoes, living in an _____ABSOLUTE____ different world. When reading, Jenny
may turn into a princess or become a mountain ____EXPLORE______. She can see _____FANTASY_____
creatures and amazing places with her own eyes. Books are ideal friends for Jenny. They are entertaining and
helpful. They can give her some _____PRACTICE_____ advice when she needs it and keep quiet when she
doesn’t want to communicate. Books never _____AGREE____ with her and they never argue.
Sam went to the giant aquarium near his house at least three times a week. He liked the fish and crabs, but the
most ____WONDER____ creatures there were sharks. Sam could watch them for hours. He took photos through
the glass and collected ____INFORM_____ about them. It surprised him how fast a massive shark could be.
Before the aquarium opened, Sam thought it was ___POSSIBLE____ for sharks to be so quick and graceful. He
knew that sharks were _____DANGER____ but they seldom attacked people. Many people, however, had
hunted them and sharks had become endangered. ____FORTUNATE___, now there were laws protecting sharks.
In the future, Sam wanted to be a ____SCIENCE_____ and study sharks in the wild.
It all started in 1865. A group of Frenchmen were having dinner in one of the most _____FASHION____
restaurants near Paris. They talked about the democratic changes in the USA and wanted to support the American
people. After a short ___DISCUSS___ they agreed on an original idea. The idea was suggested by Frédéric-
Auguste Bartholdi, a sculptor and _____DESIGN____. He said they could make a statue of a woman holding
the torch of freedom. It was an ambitious project and it was ___POSSIBLE____ to complete it quickly. It
actually took 21 years for this idea to become a reality. The French people raised money to build the statue, and,
______FINAL____, in 1886 it was ready. On July 4, 1886 the United States received their ____AMAZE_____
gift - the Statue of Liberty!
Father's Day in the UK is on the third Sunday in June. We enjoy this day very much and always arrange a
_____CELEBRATE_______ at home. Our dad deserves it he is the most _____AMAZE________ person I’ve
ever met. He works as a train ___DRIVE______ and he loves his job, though it takes time and energy. He cannot
spend lots of time with us, but when he is at home, we have a ____FANTASY_______ time all together. Dad is
a very ____CREATE______ person and often invents new games for us. There are three children in our family
and we always prepare a present for our dad together. Last time it was a large, ______COLOUR_______ book
about the history of trains. The book starts with the invention of the first train and tells the whole story of the
railway up to the present day.
livia got a camera for her birthday. Her family was going on a trip to Washington D.C. and Olivia wanted to take
pictures of the _____WONDER_______ places she would see. The first place where they stopped was a sandy
beach. Olivia took pictures of the ocean and the _____NOISE______ seagulls. The birds seemed to enjoy being
photographed, but it was ______POSSIBLE________ to go too close to them. Olivia had to take pictures from a
distance. Next, the family moved on to the centre of Washington D.C. Olivia's heart was beating with
______EXCITE______. She got great shots of the White House, the Capitol and some other
______FAME______ buildings. ___FINAL_____, it was time to head home. Olivia thought about how her
friends would be surprised to see her pictures.
The Grand National is a horse race which is held every year in Liverpool. This _____COMPETE___ involves a
four-mile race, during which the horses have to go over 30 fences. The most ______FAME______ horse in the
Grand National was called 'Red Rum'. He was the ___WIN____ of the race three times during the 1970s. The
race is not only a sporting event but a _____FASHION____ social event too. Men and women wear beautiful
clothes, and the tickets to the race are very _____EXPENSE_____. The Grand National is broadcast all over the
world and around 500 to 600 million people watch it. However, though there are lots of horse racing fans, many
people think it’s ______FAIR______ and cruel to make the animals race and jump for people’s entertainment
Last year, I became a volunteer in a charity shop. It was an ___USUAL___ job for me - I had never been
involved with charities.
Our shop raised money to provide medical care for anyone suffering from any ____ILL____. The job was not
easy but I enjoyed it very much. All my colleagues were very helpful. Their ____FRIEND_____ and support
meant a lot to me. Andrew, my boss and ____MANAGE____, was a smart and well-organized person. He kept
saying that we had no right to be indifferent or ____CARE____ because people’s lives depended on us. Working
in the charity shop, I have met some very interesting people and have learnt a lot of practical skills. Volunteering
has equipped me with experience which I’m sure will be ____USE____ for my future.
Lots of companies do business online. They sell goods and services, or provide ____INFORM____ to the
general public. Doing business online is less ____EXPENSE___ and more convenient than running a traditional
business, with offices and lots of employees. Surprisingly enough, there are lots of very young people among
online businessmen. In spite of their age, they are quite _____SUCCESS____ and professional. For example,
Ben Collins started his own online company when he was ____REAL_____ young. He was only 17. He says,
“My business is _____NATIONAL____ - we work with people from different countries. In a real office, some
people would ______AGREE____ that someone of my age could be a boss, but when I work online, nobody
cares how old I am.”
Last year I learnt Spanish in Barcelona. Spain is an ____AMAZE____ country and I enjoyed my time there very
much. My flatmates were two girls from Germany. They were nice but ___COMMUNICATE____ was a real
problem for us because I didn’t speak German and they didn’t speak English, my first language. Sometimes we
felt absolutely _____HELP_____ because we were not able to understand each other. However, it gave us
additional motivation to learn Spanish! Very soon my teacher told me that I was speaking it ____FLUENT____.
He was happy with my progress. My flatmates’ grades were ______IMPRESS_____ too! It proved that practice
is very important and if you want to speak a foreign language like a native ___SPEAK____, you should practise
it a lot.
At school, writing essays was a real problem for me, and my grades were always low. _____NATURAL_____
enough, I didn’t like writing and tried to avoid writing lessons at all costs. I thought I didn’t have enough
____IMAGINE______ for any kind of writing.
I only understood what my problem was after school. In a ______SCIENCE_____ journal I saw an article about
children’s writing problems. The author claimed that anyone could become a good _____WRITE______ if they
learned some rules. I read and reread the article several times. Then I tried to use the information in practice. I
have never become a professional journalist but from time to time I publish some pieces of my
_____CREATE______ writing on my blog. My friends find these essays and stories very _____ENJOY____.
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Last year I decided to take an English course in Britain. When I called the language school, the
___MANAGE_____ explained to me everything about the school and the courses. They had an
_____IMPRESS_____ range of courses - for all levels and ages. As for the accommodation, there were two
options: staying in a student hostel or living with a host family. Naturally enough, I wanted to choose the
_____NATIONAL____ community of the hostel. However, because of my parents’ strong
______AGREEMENT______ with my choice, I had to stay with the host family. And I didn’t regret it! My host
family was ____WONDER______. They told me a lot about their country and were very curious about mine.
We talked a lot and when I came back home, I could speak English ____FLUENT____!
Yoga is a very popular activity and lots of people practise it nowadays. There is an opinion, however, that to be
___SUCCESS________ in this activity you should start yoga in early childhood. This is not true! You can start
yoga at any time in your life. What you really need is enthusiasm and a good ____TRAIN_______ yogis often
call them a guru. Yoga is not a ______COMPETE_______. You can choose any pace that is
____COMFORT______ for you. The aim is not to win but to make your body flexible and strong. It’s definitely
_____POSSIBLE_______ to improve your body in a few days. t may take lots of time but it’s worth the time and
effort. Yoga is an _____EFFECT______ way to relax your mind. So it’s useful not only for your body.
I arrived in Liverpool in the afternoon. It was a ______RAIN______ day but the weather couldn’t spoil my
excellent mood - I was in Liverpool! Many people associate this city with the _____FAME_______ musical
band, the Beatles. It’s true, the Beatles are everywhere, but today it’s also _____POSSIBLE________ to imagine
Liverpool without its other great passion: football!
The city is home to two teams: Liverpool and Everton. Everton is older and was more ____SUCCESS_______
in the past, but since the 1990s it has been Liverpool’s time to shine.
I’ve been Liverpool’s _____SUPPORT______ since I was a small boy. The team is based at the Anfield
Stadium. I have watched games there twice. It was very ______EXCITE_______ and it was one of the most
important memories of my childhood.
The 5th of November is Guy Fawkes Night. This holiday is also known as Bonfire Night as lighting bonfires is
an essential part of the ____CELEBRATE___. _____NATURAL____, it’s one of the favourite holidays for
children they simply can’t miss the firework display. Most parents allow their children to stay outdoors till late
at night. It would be ____FAIR______ to make them stay at home when the sky is lit up with colours. However,
children should never be left on their own - bonfires and fireworks are potentially ____DANGER___.
Emergency reports say the number of people needing medical care increases on this night. Some of them are
____CARE______ with fire. In spite of the excitement, the children may also catch a cold on this November
night. Warm jumpers, coats and gloves are more ______USE____ than ever.
Choosing a career is one of the most difficult choices we have to make in our lives. There are lots of interesting
and ____EXCITE_______ professions, but which of them is the right choice for you? Researchers who work in
____EDUCATE_______ and sociology asked people across the UK what their dream job would be. And the
results were quite _____EXPECTED______. According to the survey, people find modest jobs like charity work
or gardening the most ____EXPECTED_______. Often at the top of their list are jobs such as a nurse or a
____TEACH_______. The study also shows that people in the UK are very _____PRACTICE________ and
focus on the dream jobs they have a realistic chance of getting.
I’ve worked in an office for many years. It’s a very ____STRESS_____ job and recently I’ve taken up a new
hobby - gardening. My grandmother was a very good ____GARDEN_____. She never did gardening as a job
but for pleasure and ______ENTERTAIN_____. She had the so-called green fingers - the flowers and fruit trees
she planted grew very _____QUICK_______. I wish I were as skillful as she was. It’s a pity my family does not
share my interest. My children ____LIKE____ working outdoors. They prefer using the computer indoors. I
don’t argue with them. Arguing and quarrelling makes me feel ___NERVE_____ and unhappy but cannot
change the situation. I hope one day they will join me in the garden.
Recently my neighbour Michael Wilkins got a job in sales. However, soon he found out that being a sales
_______MANAGE______ did not make him happy. He had to work long hours, and the job was
____STRESS______ and demanding. The atmosphere in the office was very ____FRIENDLY______ and the
workers often quarreled with each other. So Michael decided to look for a more ______ATTRACT_______ job.
In the local newspaper, he saw an ______ADVERTISE_______ from a pizzeria. It was close to his house and
they needed a waiter. Michael decided to apply and didn’t regret it. “It’s good to feed people. I enjoy seeing them
smile it’s important, isn’t it?” Michael says. Next week he’s going to take a cooking course. On completing it,
he will be able to make ____TASTE________ pizzas himself!
There is a popular opinion that all children are talented. It’s true - children are curious and have a good
_____IMAGINE_____. It helps them make ____AMAZE____ things from very routine objects like stones,
leaves, or strips of fabric. Coloured paper, watercolours and pencils stimulate their ______CREATE____ minds
a lot too! However, sometimes parents may ____APPROVE___ of their children’s artistic activities like drawing
on the walls and indoor experiments with fireworks. But _____PUNISH______ is not a good solution! Any art
activity develops children’s brains and stimulates their ability in science. Be _____CARE_____ with your
children’s natural talents. Never stop them doing an activity but instead create an appropriate and safe
environment for it.
Early in her reign, Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert, had a plan to hold a great world-wide
exhibition of modern art and design. Sir Joseph Paxton, a botanist and landscape ___DESIGN_____, won the
competition to create the central exhibition hall. The _____BUILD____ he produced is still admired by
architects today. Although at that time many thought it was ________POSSIBLE_____ to realize such a project.
In 1851, Paxton constructed his Crystal Palace an ____AMAZE_____ glass and iron pavilion, over a third of a
mile long, with 800,000 square feet of floor space. The construction was an ultramodern iron frame with glass
panels. The exhibition was very _______SUCCESS____ it drew over six million visitors.
_____UNFORTUNATE_____, it was taken apart in 1854.
Ray Kurzweil is a very popular figure in the field of science. He is a leading computer _____SCIENCE_____
who has made lots of predictions about the future of humanity. So far he has written six books about artificial
intelligence, and four of them have become ___NATION____ best sellers in the USA. Ray strongly believes that
soon computer intelligence will be a billion times more ___POWER_____ than the human brain. However, lots
of experts don’t believe it and say that it is absolutely ___POSSIBLE_____. Kurzweil disagrees with them and
says that we are already a human-machine civilization. We already use high level technology to diagnose
diseases, provide ____EDUCATE____, and develop new technologies. Kurzweil thinks that by 2030, computers
will do more ___IMPRESS____ tasks. They will be able to understand ordinary spoken language and show
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'Surfers Against Sewage' (SAS) was founded in 1990 by water sports enthusiasts in the UK. They are an
environmental ______ORGANIZE______ that tries to protect the UK’s oceans and beaches. They say that it
may be really _____RISK______ to swim in the seas, and even sunbathe on the beaches because of the pollution.
When SAS appeared, it informed people about the problem in quite an _____USUAL______ way. They went to
public events with their surfboards and handed out leaflets. They _____QUICK____ attracted the attention of the
media and people of Britain. They even managed to put pressure on the _____GOVERN_____ to forbid
dumping waste in the sea, rivers and lakes. The campaign was indeed ______SUCCESS_____. Officials agreed
to spend 8.5 billion pounds on cleaning up Britain’s seas and rivers.
Shepherd’s pie started as an old English recipe. The pie gained _____POPULAR_____ in the middle ages.
During the reign of Elizabeth I, mince meat pie became a must-have food, probably, because it was easy to cook,
____HEALTH______ and tasty. Until the 16th century potatoes were ____MAIN______ known as pig food. But
later they were accepted as a ____BASE____ food in Europe. The Shepherd’s pie recipe changed to include
potatoes as an ingredient. And the fame of the dish doubled. Now Shepherd’s pie is considered to be a
____TRADITION_____ British food but similar recipes can be found in other countries, although they may have
different names. In Canada, for example, a ____WAIT____ in a restaurant would present it to tourists as Chinese
St Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. St Patrick is _____FAME_____ for his heroic deeds. People gladly
believe in ______AMAZE____ tales about St Patrick and don’t look for any historical evidence to prove them.
And the facts often _____AGREE______ with the tales. For example, an old legend says that St Patrick drove all
the snakes out of Ireland. This myth is actually untrue. At the time snakes appeared on the planet, Ireland was
_____COMPLETE_____ covered by water. Now it is an island which means it is surrounded by water. The
water makes it ____POSSIBLE____ for snakes to get to the island. The same _____SITUATE____ is true for
New Zealand, Greenland, and many other islands.
The festival of Halloween has its roots in Celtic traditions.
Over 2,000 years ago the Celts in Britain had a special holiday in late October to mark the _____BEGIN_____ of
winter. Another autumn _____CELEBRATE____ was connected with the passing of the dead. These two events
later became Halloween. On Halloween children often dress up as ghosts, witches and monsters and go around
people's houses, asking for sweets. In most cases the ghosts and witches are not frightening at all, they are even
_____FUN______! But remember that if the children don’t get the sweets, they may play some
____PLEASANT_____ joke, for example splash some water on you. Pumpkins also ______SYMBOL_____
Halloween. People ____USUAL____ make lanterns from them.
here are lots of products that help us fight bad moods and depression. If you feel down and ____SLEEP____, just
get a bar of dark chocolate from the fridge. Chocolate will improve your mood and you’ll feel
______CHEER_____ and happy again. This ____INFORM____ is often used in chocolate adverts.
Unfortunately, we can’t use this method too often. The positive effect does not last long. Meanwhile chocolate is
not _____HARM_____ food. It contains fat and sugar which can make you overweight. Some people may also
be allergic to chocolate and it can affect their _____APPEAR______, causing skin problems. The alternative and
_____ABSOLUTE___ safe method to fight depression is doing sport. It can be recommended to everyone!
It's not at all surprising that weather is a favourite topic for many people around the world. It affects where we
choose to live, what we wear, our moods, and perhaps even our _____NATION____ character. A
_____SUN_____ day can blow away the deepest depression. And a gloomy rainy day can make you feel lonely
and ____HAPPY____. ‘I’m feeling a bit under the weather’ is a common complaint in Britain,
_____ESPECIAL_____ on Monday mornings. The weather can really be ____RESPONSE___ for moods and
scientists have proved this fact. There is a ____CONNECT____ between our mood and the weather we are
having. But remember that good weather will have good effects on your mood only if you spend more than 30
minutes outdoors a day.
Scientists have found that there is a direct _____CONNECT____ between sunshine and our good mood. They
noticed that people are kinder and more ____HELP____ and easy-going when the sun is out. Sunlight
____DEFINITE____ improves negative moods and makes us feel less tired and more energetic. On the other
hand, very hot weather may cause strong _____COMFORT____. As a result, we may feel depressed, irritated
and even aggressive. On ______RAIN______ days people say they're less satisfied with their lives. But whatever
the weather is, it’s important to spend enough time outdoors. Fresh air and sports can make any day feel
People in Britain often talk about climate and weather. They usually complain about their ____CHANGE____
weather. However, there are parts of the world where extreme weather causes real dangers to the
_____POPULATE____. Sandstorms, tornadoes and floods ____REGULAR____ cause massive destruction.
Lots of people become ____HOME____. To prevent this destruction, it’s important to forecast disasters in
advance. Japan is the world ____LEAD______ in using new technology for this purpose. The Japanese have also
worked out an _____EFFECT_____ system of informing people: phone companies automatically notify their
customers about emergencies and disasters. These warnings are very efficient, and free of charge.
In 2005 the rock group The Rolling Stones released an album called ‘A Bigger Bang’. Many critics chose it as
their favourite. This isn’t very ____SURPRISE___, but just think, it's their 25th album, and the Rolling Stones
have been on the stage for more than 40 years! The lead ____SING____, Mick Jagger, the guitarist Keith
Richards and the other musicians are over 60! And they are not losing their ___POPULAR____, even nowadays.
However, they are still much more ____FAME____ for the songs they made in the 1960s and 70s. But, you
know what? Young people _____REGULAR____ listen to the Rolling Stones with their fathers and granddads.
Isn't that_____IMPRESS____? In all aspects, theirs has been a remarkable career.
They say that pop music is created by and for young people. It often happens this way. A young ____SING_____
makes one or two good records at the start of their career. Every year, lots of new stars become ____FAME____
but for a short time. And just a year or two later they either ____APPEAR___ or make less interesting records. It
is difficult to find musicians who could make great records for a long time. Lots of popular groups from the
1970s, for example, are still better known for the songs they made in their ____SUCCESS____ past than for
their more recent recordings. Some performers leave the stage but don't lose their ____POPULAR____. They
continue to appear ___REGULAR___ on TV as presenters, or in chat and reality shows.
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In Moscow, there are approximately 35,000 dogs living on the streets. Some of these ____HOME____ animals
were born there. Others are just _____LUCKY____ pets that have been abandoned by their owners. For many
dogs the city may be a ____DANGER___ place to live in. However, scientists were surprised to find out how
____EASY____ some animals can adapt to urban life. Some dogs have even learnt to use the city’s metro
system! We still don't know how the dogs find out when to get off the train. One ___SUGGEST___ is that they
use their excellent sense of smell to recognise the scents of their favourite destinations. Another idea is that they
are able to remember the design of ___DIFFER___ stations and find the station they need.
Most graffiti street artists are anonymous. However there are some artists who have become globally
___FAME___. Like the twin brothers from Brazil who call themselves Os Gemeos. They paint everything from
small images to huge, ___COLOUR___ pictures of people on buildings. Another celebrity among graffiti artists
is Blek le Rat from Paris. He paints pictures of ___HOME___ people. In this way he hopes to encourage
residents to think ____SERIOUS___ about the problems of these people. Another well-known artist is Faith 47
from Cape Town. She paints big bright pictures of people and animals. The works of this ___PAINT____ can be
found on pavements, empty factory buildings, and abandoned cars. It is ____POSSIBLE____ to predict how
street art will develop in the future but we can be sure that it is here to stay!
Kelly's family loved to watch football together. Sometimes they watched college games, but normally they
watched ____PROFESSION_____ teams play. This evening was special. Two teams were playing in the final
match of the ___CHAMPION____. Kelly's favourite team had actually got to the final this year, which
____RARE_____ happened. "They're going to win for sure! It will be ___FAIR_____ if they lose!" Kelly
thought. Watching the football game needed the presence of the whole family and lots of tasty food. So Kelly's
mum had made barbecue meatballs. Uncle Jolyon had brought a ____SPICE___ cheese sauce and chips. Aunt
Katie brought some cakes. When the game started, everyone cheered. It seemed to Kelly that every
____PLAY_____ of her team was doing their best to win-win-win! And they did!
The Nobel Prize is a very prestigious award. Alfred Nobel, a successful businessman and the
_____INVENT_____ of explosives, established prizes for achievements in science, literature and economics.
Another award, the Oscar, is ____PROBABLE____ the most famous prize in the film industry. The ceremony is
an ____IMPRESS____ event with lots of film stars. There are lots of musical awards Grammies, Brits, and the
MTV awards for music, the list is ____END_____. In Britain, a writer who wins the Booker prize can expect to
see their novel at the top of the bestseller lists and compete with ‘The Da Vinci Code’ for _____POPULAR____.
The Turner Prize is an award for British contemporary artists, and each year it causes heated discussions. Artists
get lots of money for their ____USUAL____ and sometimes even strange works.
Ecotourism is getting more and more popular. It offers two things at once: ____EDUCATE____ and
entertainment. Most people agree that ecotourism is the most _____HARM_____ branch of tourism. It makes
profit without destroying ______NATURE_____ resources. When tourists choose eco trips, they stay in local
houses with local people, not in _____EXPENSE_____ hotels. They travel on foot, by boat, bicycle or elephant
to avoid pollution. However, such trips are not at all cheap. This is ____PROBABLE____ the only
disadvantage. But you can apply the principles of ecotourism every time you go on a normal holiday. You should
remember that you're only a ____VISIT_____ and be as careful as possible.
Ireland is the country of myths and legends. Even the local people are not sure which of them were based on
facts and which are the product of someone’s ____CREATE____ imagination. Leprechauns are
____PROBABLE____ the most famous characters from Irish mythology. They are depicted as old bearded men.
Their ____RESPONSIBLE____ is to guard the treasure of the fairies. Unfortunately, rainbows always point to
the _____LOCATE____ of the treasure and the Leprechaun must rehide it. And there are plenty of rainbows in
Ireland! Leprechauns are always busy. They are always very ____CARE____ and try to be invisible to people.
But if you manage to catch some ____LUCKY___ Leprechaun, he must either give you his treasure or grant you
three wishes.
It’s obvious that language skills are essential for everyone today. Foreign languages are very _____USE_______
not only for travelling, but also for studying and building a career. There are lots of ___DIFFER_____ ways to
learn a new language. However, everyone agrees that learning languages is ____POSSIBLE____ without
dictionaries. The main job of any dictionary is to explain what words mean. This can be done via
____TRANSLATE_____ or the unknown word can be explained in other words. It’s also good if the dictionary
contains some examples of how the word is used it helps to understand the ____MEAN_____ much better. If
you are a busy _____LEARN_______, you probably prefer online dictionaries to paper ones. Online dictionaries
are very convenient to use if you have Internet access.
My friend, Mary, is an extraordinary girl. She has always tried new things new sports and new hobbies. She
says life should be _____INTEREST_______ and it should change all the time. Now she has a new idea she
wants to be a firefighter. You may say that it is not a job for girls, but Mary will ___AGREE_____ with this. In
her opinion, putting out fires is a ____DANGER_____ job but women are able to do it too. She has enrolled in a
special training school where they learn skills and study firefighting ____EQUIP_____. The teenagers in the
camp also learn how to work as a team, which is a very ___USE_____ skill wherever you work. And Mary is
sure her team will be effective in any ___SITUATE_____.
There is a belief that some jobs suit men better than women and some other jobs are more appropriate for women
than for men. Nowadays, women more and more often take jobs that ______TRADITIONAL________ were
done by men. A lot of women do ___DANGER_____ and difficult jobs, becoming astronauts, pilots, and
firefighters. No one is surprised when a girl wants to be a police officer or a train _____DRIVE____. In sports
you can see a similar ____SITUATE____. Girls play football, ice hockey, go boxing and do other sports that
seem to be ______USUAL_________ for women. But the girls say that it is ____EXCITE_____ and they cannot
see any reason why they should not go into the sport they like.
Mark is an old friend of mine. I’m very proud of our friendship because Mark is a very ____INTEREST_____
person. He is very talented and ____CREATE_____. He can play the piano and the violin and the guitar but he
is not a professional ____MUSIC_____. He plays only for his family and friends. We have encouraged Mark to
try singing too, but he refuses and says he has an ___PLEASANT_____ voice. That is certainly not true he has
a nice voice, though he cannot sing very ______LOUD_________. Now we are arranging a school band and I
want to ask Mark to join it. I think if he starts performing in public, he’ll become a more confident and more
____SUCCESS____ person.
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Russia is a large country with great diversity in flora and fauna. There are several large ____NATION_________
parks in Russia. A lot of different animals live there. Wolves are probably the best known, and are very well studied
animals, so we have enough ______INFORM________ about their diet and behaviour. The wolf is a good
______HUNT_________. They usually hunt wild animals like deer and hares, but sometimes they can attack sheep,
goats, and cows. The wolf tries to avoid people and only goes into villages when he is _______REAL______ hungry.
In some ______RUSSIA________ tales, the wolf is often represented as a clever animal that helps the main character,
Ivan. The wolf is usually direct and _____CREATE________ and helps Ivan to cope with many difficult problems.
Learning languages is important nowadays. It is interesting and ___USE____. Language skills help people to travel,
study, and establish ___PROFESSION____ links with colleagues from other countries. Some people say that
learning languages is easy but others strongly ___AGREE____. They say that learning languages takes a lot of time
and they are not happy with their progress anyway. Meanwhile, there are some strategies that can make you a
successful language _____LEARN____ and save your time. The first idea is watching films in the original. If the
films are ____INTEREST____, learning is just fun, not hard work. Online and live ___COMMUNICATE____ with
people in the language you are learning also helps a lot.
I’m not a child but I still like cartoons and animated films. ___RECENT____, I enrolled in an animation course in our
university. The ____TEACH_____ of the course explained to us how animated films are made. Basically, animation
is just a series of pictures with a character. Each picture is a little ____DIFFER_______. When you show the pictures
really fast, it looks like they are moving. Some people say animation is not a serious thing. I strongly
___AGREE_____. Animated films may be ___FUN_____ but clever and useful to learn new skills. I believe they can
be used in many spheres, and most importantly of all in ___EDUCATE_____.
Not everyone likes street art. ____USUAL________ nobody asks owners’ permission before drawing graffiti on their
houses. Sometimes the drawings may be ___INTEREST_____ and nice but sometimes messy and ugly. What is
graffiti a form of art or vandalism? It depends on the drawing, I think. A friend of mine, John, is a street
__ART____. He says that street art is a form of ____COMMUNICATE____. A person can tell you nice or rude
things, can’t he? As for John, he is a really nice and ___CREATE_____ person. He enjoys drawing
_____VARY_______ characters from animated films. When my neighbours saw his drawings, they asked him to
paint some pictures on the wall of their house. Just to make it look brighter and more positive.
What is the most eco-friendly transport? I believe it’s the bicycle. There are a lot of bicycles on the streets of our town
and that is probably why it looks so green and ____BEAUTY___. There are cycle lanes all over the town so using
your bike to get to school or to the office is safe and convenient. ___FORTUNATELY____, some people still prefer
driving cars even for short distances. They make the environment less _____HEALTH_____. As for me, I enjoy
riding my bike very much and all my friends say that I’m a good ____RIDE____. Next month I’m going to take part
in a regional cycling _____COMPETE_____ and I hope to win it. I don't think I will stop riding my bicycle till I’m
____REAL____ old.
Koalas are cute animals. _____FORTUNATELY_______, it causes them lots of problems. There are people who
want to keep the cute exotic animal as a pet which may put the koala in a really ____DANGER_____ situation. The
problem is that the koala’s diet is very specific. To stay ______HEALTH______ they should only eat eucalyptus
leaves. The leaves need to be young and fresh, which means a person who keeps a koala should also have a lot of
eucalyptus trees. Andrew Page, a ___SCIENCE_______ who has been studying koalas for years, says that it’s a bad
idea to keep this animal as a pet. According to him, people who try to do it usually have very little
_____INFORM________ about koala’s lifestyle. And their ignorance can often cost the ___BEAUTY______ animal
its life.