Методическая разработка урока "My Image of the Monument to the Book" 9 класс

Данная работа была подготовлена на
Муниципальную научно-практическую конференцию учащихся «Интеллектуалы XXI
Номинация: Исследование социально - исторических и нравственных проблем в области
гуманитарных дисциплин: иностранный язык
Тема: My Image of the Monument to the Book
(Мое представление о памятнике Книге)
Авторы: Илюшина Настя, Миронова Анна
учащиеся 9а класса
Руководитель: Угольникова И.Н.
(учитель английского языка)
Консультант: Хачпанова М.В.
Балаково 2011 2012 г.
1. Introduction………………………………………… ………...…3
2.1. My Dream……………….………………………… . …………...4
2.2. Books and the Internet…………………………………….. .........4
2.3. My Favourite Book……………………………………………… 4
3. Books Written in Stone……………… ……………….. ………….. 6
3.1. Location of Monuments………………………………………… 6
3.2 Monument Design ……………………………………………..6
3.3 Monuments to Events…………………………………….………..7.
4.1. Writers and Readers………………………………………………8.
4.2 My Image of the Monument………………………………………. 9
7. Literature………………………………………………………….. 11
8. Supplement…………………………………………………………12
1. Introduction.
The aim of this work is to tell about my imaginable monument to the novel
’’ The Master and Margarita’’ by Bulgakov. It is one of the best books because it
deals with the interplay of good and evil, innocence and guilt, courage and
cowardice. I’d like to have a monument to this book in my hometown for two
reasons: to decorate streets and squares of our town and to reveal the importance
of reading .
You may just smile and call me a dreamer. Thanks to dreams men have done
wonders. Your arguments may be :
- people do not create monuments to books,
- present days of computer and the Internet show a marked decline in the habit of
reading books,
- Bulgakov’s biography is not linked with Balakovo;
- building of such monument is rather expensive. It is a well- known fact that
there is Bulgakov’s sculpture near his home museum, but the source of finance is
still unknown.
In this work I’ll try to answer all these arguments and show that people create
monuments to writers, literary characters, and books. We read books. Reading
makes people think. First a thought comes, then organization of that thought into
ideas and plans, then transformation of those plans into reality.
2.1 My Dream.
My dream is to make our life better. I want to make our hometown the better
place. I was born in Balakovo and live here with my parents. Every day I meet
good people hurrying somewhere and trying to solve their problems. It is a
provincial town with a number of old and new problems.
But there is no quiet, beautiful place to have a rest or just to chat. I’d like to
have some green squares with small fountains and monuments to famous people. I
don’t mean monuments to former or present political leaders, or to revolutionary
fighters. Just imagine , you’re sitting on a bench in such square trying to
understand the essence of life. This sight is inspired by the novel ’’ The Master
and Margarita’’ by Bulgakov. It is my favourite book. Some of my friends read
books but others don’t share my interests. But I’m sure reading books enriches
our knowledge, imagination and wisdom.
2.2 Books and the Internet.
Reading helps with life. Books can help you to expand your outlook. Then there
is the fact that by reading we can learn more vocabulary. Many people still prefer
to read a good book instead of staring at a computer screen with the only thought
“I need to check my e-mail” Computer is a machine. I think the introduction of
technology in education is not a bad thing. But the way students use technology is
the matter of serious concern. The mobile and computer are gifts of science, but
they may invite harm for us. Playing games, doing unnecessary work is a waste of
time. Students have to understand the value of time. I think the Internet should be
treated as an e-library and should browse and download materials which are really
necessary for their positive gains.
2.2 My Favourite Book.
The book I adore is the novel by Bulgakov ’’The Master and Margarita’’. Some
people say it is a book difficult to understand. Of course, you should read and
reread this book to feel the depth of the plot. Each reading provides new insight
into mysterious subtexts of the novel and here ’’The Master and Margarita’’ is
revealed in all its complexity. This novel has been translated into more than 20
languages and made into plays and films. Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel is now
considered to be one of the best novels of the twentieth-century literature. .
In this novel imaginary devil descents upon Moscow in 1930
with his band. They
appear among the people who tried to deny the devil’s existence. This visit to the
world capital of atheism has several aims, one of which concerns the fate of the
Master, a writer who has written a novel about Pontius Pilate, and now he is in a
mental hospital. This work constantly surprises and entertains, as the action
switches back and forth between Moscow of the 1930
and the first century
Jerusalem. This novel is a very interesting. Some moments in this book are truly
fantastical while others make you think about your fate. Love is a dominant theme
in the novel. The interplay of fire, water, destruction and other natural forces
provides a constant accompaniment to the events of the novel. Light and darkness,
noise and silence, sun and moon, and other powerful polarities mix there. There is
a complex relationship between Jerusalem and Moscow throughout the novel,
sometimes polyphony, sometimes counterpoint. (Supplement 1)
The spirit of the novel is still alive. Many characters are easily recognized by
their contemporaries, that was the reason for the prohibition of this book. Despite
the fact that the novel requires considerable knowledge of history and theology, it
gives the definition of the Hero and Christ. The history, religion, love and politics
are intertwined.
Mikhail Bulgakov worked on this book throughout one of the darkest
periods of the 20
century. It was abandoned, taken up again, burned many times.
Bulgakov burned his manuscript under the threats of the Soviet Government.
’’Manuscripts do not burn’’ is memorable and much- quoted line of this novel.
My dream is to have a monument to this book in our town. I can’t say for sure how
it would look like but it is my blind desire
3. Books Written in Stone.
3.1 Location of Monuments.
Books are considered to be a symbol of knowledge. It is wisdom written in stone
and marble. In many countries such as Germany, the USA, the UK, Poland, Italy,
China people began to create monuments to books. One can argue about the
artistic value of such monuments but they may not leave you cold if you care about
reading. These monuments are different in shape and size. Very often such
monuments decorate the entrances of famous libraries and universities to
symbolize the literary treasures that lie within these buildings. Some sculptures are
very interesting and unusual. (Supplement 2)
3.2 Monument Design.
There are different kinds of monuments to the Book. They may look like
fountains, sculptures, benches. They show the Book in different forms and are
made from different materials. There is a wide variety of art works, from
conservative to the unusual forms. We can only admire and appreciate their
architectural design.
As for today's subject - we are covering wildly modified books (which exist
mainly for the sake of art), books that are essentially impossible to read, and pieces
of art made from books. Though I have doubts about the last idea. I am one who
would rather see that no books were hurt during the creation of such compositions.
(Supplement 3)
One of the oldest monuments is in Rome. Its design is rather unique. It is
named The Fontanella dei Libri” and was planned by Pietro Lombardi in 1927 for
the district of St’ Eustachio. That is why the district symbol of a deer's head
appears in the niche surrounded with four antique books, probably recalling the
nearby University. Inside the basin it was written the name of the district with an
incorrect numerical referral: IV instead of VIII. (Supplement 4)
3.3 Monuments to Events.
People create monuments to the Book to remember the main events in our
history. Only through remembrance can we understand the lessons of the past and
apply them for today. They have built monuments to commemorate the main
events in the history of the mankind.
One of such monuments we can see in Uganda. To commemorate education’s
importance in ensuring peace, The Dutch Embassy commissioned a sculpture
consisting of three destroyed guns at the feet of a girl and a boy reading a page of a
text book. Books illustrate the power of knowledge. (Supplement 6)
The sculptor Alex Limor (whose parents were both holocaust survivors)
created the memorial's center-piece: a large bronze book with missing or tattered
pages filled with nameless faces of European Jewry. The memorial has a wall
written with the names of Holocaust survivors and victims. There is the quotation
on the entrance panel: ’’Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to
repeat it.” (Supplement 5)
’’The Modern Book Printing" is the name of the famous monument near Unter
den Linden, Berlin (Germany). It is a stack of 17 books more than 12 meters in
height (40 feet) and 35 tons in weight. This monument commemorates German
writers, poets, and especially Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the modern book
printing process.
’’The Book Burning Memorial’’ on Bebelplatz in Berlin commemorates the
book burning that took place on May 10th, 1933 in which the Nazis burnt 20,000
books. This sculpture is a part of the "Walk of Ideas", a project honoring some
famous German writers. (Supplement 7).
4.1 Writers and Readers.
We can follow the link between writers and readers enjoying the famous
monument to Danish fairy-tale writer Hans Christian Andersen. His statue features
him sitting and reading to a stray duck. The work by the sculptor Georg Lobber
was constructed in 2004. Danish and American schoolchildren collected money for
construction of this monument. Young readers can climb on the statue of Hans
Christian Andersen in Central Park (New York City). To my mind, this monument
is rather touching.
Russian literature is known all over the world. The books by Leo Tolstoy and
Feodor Dostoevsky are known the same as the works by Shakespeare and Dickens.
“War and Peace”, “Anna Karenina”, Crime and Punishment” are translated into
different languages. “Eugene Onegin” by the great Russian poet Pushkin is
included into the list of world literature masterpieces of the 19th century, and many
remarkable books appeared in the 20
century, for example “The Master and
Margarita” by Mikhail Bulgakov. We have numerous monuments to our great
writers, such as A.Pushkin, L. Tolstoy, F. Dostoyevsky, V. Mayakovsky,
N. Gogol and others . Russia has given great classics to the world. The places
where the most famous Russian writers lived and created their outstanding works
have become cultural monuments. There are many places in Saint Petersburg
related to Dostoevsky and Pushkin. Pushkinskie Gory (Pushkin Hills) is a literary
memorial museum placed in Pskov Region in the north-west of Russia. Every year
the International Pushkin Poetry Festival is held there. (Supplement 9)
Russia is not rich in monuments to books. There is only one such monument in
St Petersburg. A tiny figure sitting on huge books is a part of a statue in the garden
of St. Petersburg State University. (Supplement 10)
4.2 My Image of Monument.
I’m not a designer but I have a dream to create a monument to Bulgakov’s
novel ’’ The Master and Margarita’’ in our town. It will symbolize wisdom,
kindness, the triumph over ugliness. I haven’t yet decided what form it would be.
May be Bulgakov’s sculpture will be connected with the figures of the Master and
Margarita or with the figure of the talking cat on the background.
Of course, it should be different from the monument to Bulgakov which has
been built near his house-museum in Kiev. The work was completed in the middle
of October 2007. The author of the monument was a famous sculptor Mykola
Rapay, who initially had prepared two variants of the monument. The one was
chosen where the writer is depicted sitting on the bench with folded hands.
The idea to put a monument to Bulgakov next to his house-museum
belongs to the museum staff. It was born long ago, but there was no funds in the
state budget for this project. The design of the monument was first presented at the
exhibition of the famous sculptor Mykola Rapay, but after the exhibition was over
the artwork returned to the artist's studio. It looked like it was abandoned, but
suddenly somebody who preferred to remain incognito donated 70 thousand
dollars. Moreover, the sponsor wanted the monument to be exactly like it was
designed by Mykola Rapay. The sculptor was working for three years. During
this time he did not show the monument to anybody and did not make any
comments. (Supplement 11)
Finally, on October 15, 2007 the bronze monument was created. This was the
first monument to the writer not just in the Ukraine or Russia, but in the world.
One can say that Bulgakov’s biography is not linked with Balakovo. That’s
why we can’t pretend to have his monument in our town. And I know the building
of such monument is rather expensive. But it is my dream. Thanks to dreams men
have done wonders.(Supplement 12)
I want to finish my work with the poem “I Built a Monument by Jim Matheos,
a famous American poet.
There is a blind desire, there’s drive
There’s a need to leave some lasting feat
Something to hold, something to keep
A monument to complete.
There’s a written page, there’s a book
There’s a search for something to say
Something to share, something to speak
A monument to convey.
There’s an empty room, there’s a blank page
There’s a picture left incomplete
Something is lost, something remains
A monument to defeat.
Is it fiction, is it confession,
Is it a passion or just a profession,
Is it performance, is it expression,
Is it a passion or just an obsession?