Презентация "Periods of the British History"

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Periods of the British History Этапы истории Британии
  • Евдокимова И.В.
  • ГБОУ СПО Российский колледж традиционной культуры Санкт-Петербурга, 2012 год
The Ancient Period
  • Two thousand years ago there was an Iron Age Celtic culture throughout the British Isles.
  • It has two famous examples: Sillbury Hill, the largest burial mound in Europe, and the Stonehenge.
The Roman Period (43 - 410)
  • The Roman province of Britannia covered the most of present England and Wales.
  • They lived in cities. They built a lot of villas, baths and temples.
  • In the fifth century the Romans left Britannia and return to Rome.
The Germanic Invasions (410-1066)
  • During the fifth century the Angles and the Saxons from the north-west of Europe settled in the south-east of the country.
  • They introduced new farming methods and founded the thousands of self-sufficient villages. .
The Vikings
  • In the eighth century the invaders, known as Vikings, came from Scandinavia.
  • The cultural difference between Anglo-Saxons and Vikings were small. The Vikings soon became Christians.
The Medieval Period ( 1066 - 1485 )
  • On 14 October 1066 an invading army from Normandy defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.
  • The Norman leader, Duke William of Normandy, became king of England. He is known as 'William the Conqueror.
  • Britain came into the main way of western European culture.
Normans and English-speaking Saxons
  • In modern English there are words for the living animals (cow, pig, sheep), which have their origins in Anglo-Saxon, and for the meat from animals ( beef, pork, mutton), which have their origins in the French language that the Normans brought to England.
  • The legendary folk hero of the medieval period is Robin Hood.
The Sixteenth Century
  • The throne of England was claimed by two rival groups.
  • The Lancastrians, whose symbol was a red rose, supported the descendants of the Duke of Lancaster.
  • The Yorkists, whose symbol was a white rose, supported the descendants of the Duke of York.
  • The struggle for power led to the 'Wars of the Roses' between 1455 and 1485.
Henry VIII(1509 - 1547)
  • Henry VIII(1509 - 1547) is one of the most well-known monarch in English history, because he took six wives during his life.
  • In 1530s Henry made himself the head of the 'Church of England' independent of Rome. All church lands and money came under his control.
  • The Civil War started in 1642, which ended with complete victory for the parliamentary forces. The king Charles I was captured. The leader of the parliamentary army, Oliver Cromwell, became 'Lord Protector' of a republic.
  • In 1660 the monarchy and the Anglican Church was restored.
  • In 1666 Fire of London destroyed most of the city's old wooden buildings.
The Eighteenth Century
  • In Parliament two different political groups were formed - the Whigs and the Tories.
  • In this century Britain expanded its empire in the America, the west African coast and in India.
  • In 1783 after a war, Britain recognized the independence of the American colonies.
The British Empire
  • In this century Britain controlled the biggest empire the world had ever seen.
  • It included Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand,
  • India, large parts of Africa, as well as numerous smaller areas and islands.
The Nineteenth Century
  • There was a great increase in wealth during the century.
  • So Britain became the biggest world's economic power.
  • Queen Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. She became a popular symbol of Britain's success in the world .
The Twentieth Century
  • By the beginning of this century, Britain was no longer the world's richest country.
  • The problem of Ulster was in the north of Ireland.
  • In Parliament, the Labor party replaced the Liberals
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/britishhttp://www.turagentstvo.tk/2011/05/blog-http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=102x1490921post_21.html_prehistory/peoples_01.shtml
  • http://www.tampereclub.ru/206-mech-vikingov.html
  • http://www.lookandlearn.com/blog/?p=10938
  • http://blogs.mail.ru/mail/olga-star1948/46F04DB59041A897.html
  • http://www.artchive.com/web_gallery/L/Lieve-Verschuier/The-Great-Fire-of-London-in-1666.html
  • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRvictoria.htm
  • http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch?text=London&lr=2&noreask=1