Презентация "Словообразование Подготовка к ЕГЭ" 10 класс скачать


Презентация "Словообразование Подготовка к ЕГЭ" 10 класс

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  • Словообразование
  • автор: Пахомова Виктория Владимировна
  • учитель английского языка высшей квалификационной категории
  • МБОУ «СОШ№32» ЭМР Саратовской области
  • памятка для учащихся:
  • 1. Прочитав предложение или текст, попытайся определить,
  • какой частью речи нужно заполнить пропуск. Обрати внимание
  • на место этого слова в предложении (каждая часть речи
  • определяется по характерным признакам. Например,
  • существительное можно определить по наличию артикля или
  • прилагательного, а наречия часто стоят в конце предложения или
  • при глаголе)
  • 2. Вспомни суффиксы и приставки, присущие этой части речи.
  • 3. Определи, какое значение (положительное или отрицательное) имеет слово в данном контексте. Обрати внимание на то, что иногда нужно использовать и суффикс и префикс для образования нужного слова, а существительные могут быть как в единственном, так и во множественном числе.
  • Определи, к какой части речи относятся пропущенные слова. Скажи, какие признаки помогли тебе это сделать
  • 1Jane runs ---, she is the best runner at our school.
  • 2 I saw some --- flowers in the garden.
  • 3 The room was --- decorated.
  • 4 The policemen ---- the thieves.
  • 5 Can you see that tall --- at the corner of the street? It's our new library.
  • 6 Her --- live in Paris.
  • 7 The --- makes us write the tests every lesson.
  • 8 --- I have 5 classes a day.
  • 9 Helen's flat is --- and ---.
  • 10 Mary was dancing so --- that we couln't take our eyes off.
  • Часть речи
  • Суффикс Префикс
  • Значение
  • Существительное
  • -ment
  • (development, enjoyment)
  • -ness
  • (darkness, coldness)
  • Действие, результат,
  • cредство, процесс, состояние
  • Качество, состояние
  • Глагол
  • -ize (-ise)
  • (organize, advertise)
  • Dis-
  • (disagree, dismiss)
  • Заниматься, становится, приобрести качество
  • Обратное действие, противоположное значению основы, лишение качества
  • В тексте подчеркните слова, которые являются производными от
  • других слов. К какой части речи они относятся и что помогло это
  • определить.
  • The newspaper is a publication usually issued on a daily or weekly basis,
  • the main function of which is to report news. Many newspapers also provide
  • readers withspecial information, such as weather reports, television schedule,
  • and listings of stock prices. They provide commentary on politics, economics,
  • arts and culture, and sometimes include entertainment features, such as comics
  • and crossword puzzles. Newspapers depend on commercial advertising for
  • their income.
  • The staff of a large newspaper constantly works under pressure of deadlines
  • to bring news as quickly as human energy and technological devices permit.
  • Precursors to modern papers first appeared in Venice , Italy, in the middle
  • of the 14th century. Newspapers as known today , emerged in Britain in the
  • mid-18th century.
  • Ответ следует оформлять так:
  • Publication-publish, usually-usual, weekly-week и т.д.
  • V+-er=N write+-er=writer, speak+-er=speaker
  • 1 The bears hunt seals and fish, they are wonderful .......
  • 2 In case of danger giraffs can run fast, they are fast .......
  • 3 Koalas sleep a lot in eucalyptus trees, they are great......
  • 4 Giraffes can eat up to 63 kilos of leaves daily, they are
  • great .....
  • 5 Kangaroos can hop and jump thanks to powerful hind
  • legs, they are the best .....
  • 6 Polar bears can swim very well, they are really good.....
  • N+-ful=Adj colour+-ful=colourful N+-y=Adj sun+-y=sunny
  • Adj+-ly=Adv
  • 1 Normally/normal giraffs are silent.
  • 2 Koalas have grey fur/furry coat.
  • 3 Giraffs usually walk slow/slowly.
  • 4 Kangaroos use their powerful/powerfully legs for jumping.
  • 5 Zebras move quick/quickly for their large size.
  • 6 The cold wind/windy land of Arctic is the best place for
  • Polar bears.
  • 7 Giraffes inhabit sand/sandy areas,where you can find
  • some trees.
  • 8 Zebras use their beautiful/beautifully black and white
  • stripes to confuse enemies.
  • Dolphins are very 1 animals. They like people and sometimes follow the ships. Dolphins are 2 animals.They often play with 3 and never hurt or
  • kill them. Some dolphins save people when they are attacked by sharks. Dolphins don't eat sharks, but they are 4 to them. They frighten sharks by 5 and 6 near them in circles. Dolphins live in 7 water, but
  • they breathe air, because they are mammals. They eat fish when they are 8 . Dolphins never swim alone, they live in families.They are very 9 animals.
  • They have a language and can «speak» to each other.
  • Friend
  • Fun
  • Swim
  • Friendly
  • Swim,Jump
  • salt
  • Hunger
  • Brain
  • Health, healthy, healthily, healthiness, unhealthy, unhealthily
  • Advertise, advertisement, advertiser, advertising
  • Invent, inventor, invention, inventive
  • 1 He doesn't think about his ---.
  • 2 Fast food is ----.
  • 3 Helen has always been a --- person.
  • 1 I saw an interesting --- in the newspaper.
  • 2 Mr Adams is a very successful ---.
  • 3 He works for an --- company.
  • 4 They --- fashionable clothes and cosmetic products.
  • 1 His --- revolutionized the science.
  • 2 Alexander Popov--- the radio.
  • 3 John is rather ---, he helped us to solve the problem of New Year
  • illumination. It was fantastic.
  • 4 Alexander Bell was the --- of the telephone.
  • verb
  • noun
  • adjective
  • adverb
  • ?
  • danger
  • ? 1
  • 2
  • dangerously
  • ?
  • protection
  • ? 1
  • 2 unprotected
  • -
  • -
  • ?
  • ?
  • enviromnentally
  • -
  • industry
  • ?
  • -
  • pollute
  • ? 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • ? 1
  • 2
  • -
  • -
  • ?
  • natural
  • ?
  • -
  • ?
  • ?
  • powerfully
  • -
  • ecology
  • ?
  • ?
  • ?
  • use
  • ? 1
  • 2
  • ?
  • На основе таблицы заполняем в тексте пропуски:
  • Nowadays (ecology) problems have become urgent.
  • People cut down forests and many species of birds and animals
  • lose their (nature) habitats. Some of them have already become extinct,
  • while others are (danger), like Siberian tigers or cheetahs.
  • Besides, a lot of factories and plants pour down (industry) wastes,
  • which cause water (pollute).
  • To make our planet green and clean, governments should make
  • laws to (unprotected) nature. First of all, (pollute) must pay money.
  • People should not dump (use) materials in forests and hedgerows. As
  • for the animals, we should create (protect) areas , where animals could
  • live in their natural (environmentally). Doing so, we can stop their
  • dying out.
  • Источники:
  • 1 Longman Exams Dictionary. Pearsons Longman , 2007
  • 2 Е.Н. Соловова, И.Е.Солокова. State exam miximiser. Pearsons
  • Longman, 2007
  • 3 А.П.Старков, Б.С.Островский, Диксон Р.Р. Учебник английского
  • языка для средней школы. 11 класс. Москва: АСТ, 1999.
  • 4 Л.И.Романова. Английская лексика в тестах. Москва: Айрис пресс,
  • 2004.
  • 5 М.В.Вербицкая, К.С.Махмурян. ЕГЭ по иностранным языкам — на
  • все 100! Москва:ЛИО Паблишинг групп, 2009.