Конспект урока "The Passive Voice"


Form
The Passive of an active verb is formed by putting the auxiliary verb TO BE into the
same tense as the active verb and adding the Past Participle of the main verb.
The object of the active voice becomes the subject in the new sentence. The subject of
the active voice becomes the agent of the passive sentence. The agent can be omitted
when it is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context.
The active-passive correspondence can be seen in the diagram:
The hospital
provides
the best possible medical care.
(Active Subject)
(Active Verb)
(Active Object)
The best possible medical care
is provided
by the hospital.
(Passive Subject)
(Passive Verb)
(By-phrase - agent- Optional)
Active
Passive
Present Simple
provide/provides
am/is/are provided
Past Simple
provided
was/were provided
Present Continuous
am/is/are providing
am/is/are being provided
Past Continuous
was/were providing
was/were being provided
Present Perfect
have/has provided
have/has been provided
Future Simple
will provide
will be provided
Conditional
would provide
would be provided
Modal Verbs
can provide
can be provided
The
subject form
of the personal pronouns, used in active voice, turn into the
object form
in the passive voice.
I decorated this flat.
This flat was decorated by me.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Subject form
Object form
I
You
He
She
It
We
They
Me
You
Him
Her
It
Us
Them
-----------------------------------------------------------EXERCISES ----------------------------------------------------------
1. Complete the table:
Verb Tenses
Active
Passive
Present Simple
I interview the actor.
She doesn’t clean the car.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Past Simple
We visited Paris.
They didn’t see the painting.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Present Continuous
Mary is writing a book.
Past Continuous
We were washing the car.
Present Perfect
Electricity has improved life.
They haven’t bought a sofa.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Future Simple
They will help people.
He won’t find a job.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Conditional
She would call the secretary.
Modal Verbs
You should clean your room.
2. Rewrite the sentences starting as suggested.
a) The Egyptians built the Pyramids. (Past Simple)
The Pyramids ____________________________________________________.
b) Over 400 million people speak English.(Present Simple)
English _________________________________________________________.
c) They must read the messages.
The messages __________________________________________________________.
d) Edison invented the electric bulb.
The electric bulb_______________________________________________________.
e) America attacked Iraq some years ago.
America _____________________________________________________________.
f) They didn’t take the jewels.
The jewels ____________________________________________________________.
g) Helen and Susan visited all these places.
All these places______________________________________________________.
h) A fisherman saved his life.
His life______________________________________________________________.
i) The teacher doesn’t punish the students.
The students _________________________________________________________.
j) The storm is causing a lot of damage
A lot of____________________________________________________________.
k) Someone has stolen Kate’s new car.
Kate’s new car_______________________________________________________.
l) He mustn’t answer the questions.
The questions___________________________________________________________.
m) The Parkers haven’t bought a video camera.
A video______________________________________________________________.
n) Anne is selling the house.
The house _____________________________________________________________.
o) They will wash the car.
The car_______________________________________________________________.
p) They can invite Sarah to the party.
Sarah________________________________________________________________.
q) I couldn’t write the letters yesterday.
The letters ____________________________________________________________.
r) The teacher collects all the exam papers.
All the exam papers_________________________________________________________.
s) They didn’t break the table.
The table______________________________________________________________.
t) A car ran over our dog.
Our dog______________________________________________________________.
u) She has answered my question.
My question____________________________________________________________.
v) The police won’t investigate the murder.
The murder_____________________________________________________________.
w) Volunteers would clean up the long beach.
The long beach______________________________________________________.
x) They were writing a book.
A book ____________________________________________________________.