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Презентация "Ireland" 7 класс


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Ireland

Ireland

Ireland is divided politically into two countries, with the North-eastern section of the island (Northern Ireland) being part of the United Kingdom. The Republic of Ireland occupies approximate fifth sixths of the total land mass of the island of Ireland.

Ireland, officially known as the Republic of Ireland, is an island country that lies off the eastern coast of Great Britain separated by the Irish Sea. It is also bordered by the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George’s Channel to the south east and the Atlantic Ocean.

Ireland gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1922 and was declared a republic in 1949.

Dublin is the capital of Ireland. It is the largest and the oldest city of the country. It is the cultural, educational, economic, art and social center of the country.

Ireland а bilingual country. The Irish constitution states that "the Irish language as the national language is the first official language" and "the English language is recognized as a second official language".

To achieve your leaving school certificate in Ireland you must study Irish.

The Irish Flag is broken up into thirds and consist of three horizontal bars of color. The left bar is green, the middle bar is white and the right bar is orange. The green represents the catholic majority, the orange represents the Protestants and the white represents peace and harmony between them.

The Republic of Ireland is a sovereign state that is governed as a constitutional republic. The head of state holds the title of President. The President is directly elected by the people. The President holds office for seven years, and can be elected for a maximum of two terms. The president's official residence is in Dublin. The current president is Michael D. Higgins, who was elected on 29 October 2011. His inauguration was held on 11 November 2011.

Ireland is a member of the European Union. The official currency of the country is the Euro. Ireland is recognized as one of the wealthiest countries in the world. In 2011 Ireland was named the most charitable country in Europe and the second most charitable in the world after the United States.

Ireland is known as the emerald isle because of its vast plains of lush greenery.

The Highest point in Ireland is Carrauntoohil which is 1,038 m above sea level.

Irish music and dance is well recognized the world over and has influenced many musical styles. Step dancing as seen in productions such as “Riverdance” is now being taught throughout the world as “Irish dancing.”There are several types of Irish dance:

  • Джига (The Jig)
  • Хорнпайп (The Hornpipe)
  • Рил (The Reel)

Saint Patrick’s Day is celebrated on the 17th March and is recognized as the Irish National day.