Конспект урока "What did they invent?" 9 класс

The theme: What did they invent?
Grade: 9 “A”
Date: 06.12.2014.
1. Educational: Speaking about famous inventions and discoveries. To teach expressing
the opinion and to give more information about inventions and inventors.
2. Developing: To develop students’ skills and habits in speech. Pay attention to the
reading, writing, speaking and critical abilities. To teach to understand the text for
listening, to develop communicative skills.
3. Bringing up: To bring-up students interest to learn new facts about discoveries and
Visual aids: Active board.
The procedure of the lesson:
1. Teacher’s Introductory Word.
T: Good morning, my dear students! I’m glad to see you. I invite you to take part in the
lesson devoted to inventions and inventors. You’ll learn a lot of useful information about
achievements of scientists from different countries. Also you’ll have plenty of practice in
translation. I hope that by the end of the lesson you’ll improve your translation skills.
2. Warm up.
T: It’s interesting for me what of the modern inventions do you have at home? T: Now
answer my questions, please.
1. What units and machines do you use in your household?
2. What do you use for watching films?
3. What do you use for calling somebody who is far from you?
4. What do you use for cleaning rooms?
5. What gadget do you use for taking photos?
6. What do you use for listening to music?
P1: I use many of them: a car, a computer, a refrigerator, a vacuum cleaner and so on.
T: I see. What is the most useful thing for your mother?
P2: In my opinion, it is a cooker.
T: What unit or machine can’t you do without?
P3: It is my computer.
T: What thing can’t your father live without?
P4: Without TV, to my mind.
T: What thing do you use every day?
P5: I think, it is my mobile telephone.
T: What thing can you easily do without?
P6: It is a sewing machine. I hardly ever use it.
T: What is the most useless thing in your household?
P7: It is a video recorder. I am always lack of time to use it.
T: What thing do you use regularly?
P8: I can’t live without my mobile telephone.
T: What is your favourite unit?
P9: I think it is my walkman. I am fond of listening to music.
T: What about you?
P10: I like watching TV.
T: I see. Well, you use many units and machines. And do you know the names of people
who invented them?
P11: I’d name such of them as Alexander Graham Bell, Karl Benz, Tomas Alva Edison,
Frez and Yakovlev and so on.
3. By the end of the 20th century lots of inventions have been made. Some of them
become so commonplace that it is difficult to imagine them as inventions.
а) Have a look at the pictures and say what inventions have been made by the end of the
20th century. Which of them have become commonplace? (Presentation, slide № 3)
b) Match the words and definitions:
1. a TV set
2. a car
3. a computer
4. a video player
5. a camera
6. a vacuum cleaner
7. a fridge
8. a mobile telephone
9. a plane
10. a telephone
g. to have fun and to entertain
j. to move wherever you want by yourself
i. to write programs, play games, find and use information
e. to watch pre-recorded videos
a. to take photographs
c. to perform everyday cleaning tasks
f. to keep food fresh for a long time
h. a system for sending or receiving speech over long distance
d. to move fast and quick around the world
b. to receive or make calls around the home
(Presentation, slide № 4)
с) Which things are the most or least useful in the house from your point of view?
1. I think that ….. is the most important thing.
2. We can …..
3. Some of the inventions, for example …. is less important.
4. We do not often …..
5. And I’m sure we can do without …..
(Presentation, slide № 5)
4. Important inventions were made in different countries. What are some of these
inventions? Who invented them and where?
T: Today we’ll speak about inventions and inventors. We have learned some facts about
useful inventions which were made in the long history of mankind. Most of them have
really brought us comfort and convenience. We cannot imagine our life without electric
lamps, cars or telephones, television or computers. You have known about talented
inventors, some of them are Russians and we can be proud of their achievements. Now,
let’s practice in reading and translating.
(Presentation, slides № 7-22)
5. Can you translate the following sentences into Kazakh? You can compare your
translation and agree on the best version.
(Presentation, slide № 6)
T: Now, let’s practice in translating.
P1:Joseph Nicéphore Niépce from France pioneered photography in 1829.
P2: Француз Жозеф Нисефор Ньепс фотоға түсіруді 1829 жылы ойлап тапты.
P1: In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell, an American engineer, invented telephone.
P2: 1876 жылы американдық инженер Александр Бэл телефонды ойлап тапты.
P1: Karl Benz produced the world’s first petrol-driven car in Germany in 1878.
P2: 1878 жылы Германияда Карл Бенц әлемдегі ең алғаш жанармаймен жүретін
машинаны ойлап шығарды.
P1: In 1895 the Lumiere brothers patented their cinematography and opened the world’s
first cinema in Paris.
P2: 1895 жылы ағалы- інілі Люмьерлер өздерінің кинематографтарын патенттеп
әлемдегі ең алғашқы кинотеатрды Парижеде ашты.
P1: Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first airplane in 1903 (USA).
P2: 1903 жылы АҚШ-та ағайынды Райттар ең алғаш ұшақты құрастырды.
P1: In 1908 James M. Spangler from the USA built the first vacuum cleaner.
P2: 1908 жылы АҚШ-та Джемс Спенглер ең алғаш шаң сорғышты ойлап шығарды.
P1: In 1908 US automobile manufacturer Henry Ford created the world’s first car
assembly line.
P2: 1908 жылы американдық Генри Форд әлемде ең алғаш машинаның жиынтық
конвейерін ойлап тапты.
P1: John Logie Baird from Scotland invented television in 1926.
P2: Шотландиялық Джон Бард теледидарды 1926 жылы ойлап тапты.
P1: The first Russia’s automobile was designed by P.A.Frez and E.A.Yakovlev. By May
1896 the car had been built.
P2: 1896 жылдың мамыр айында ең алғаш Ресейлік машинаны П.А.Фрезоммен
Е.А.Яковлев құрастырды.
P1: In 1945 the Nobel Prize was given to Alexander Fleming for penicillin that had been
discovered in 1928.
P1: In 1928 Richard Drew perfected the Scotch tape, which had been invented by Jim
Kirst from the USA in 1923.
P1: The first ballpoint pen was produced in 1940 though it had been invented by L. Biro, a
Hungarian artist and journalist, in 1905.
P1: Sergey Korolyev (Russia) designed the first artificial satellite in 1957.
P1: Akio Morita (Japan) developed the first personal stereo Sony Walkman in 1957.
P1: In 1981 Bill Gates (USA) created Microsoft-DOS (Disk Operating System).
P1: Scottish scientist Ian Wilmat developed the idea of cloning in 1997.
6. What inventions had been made by the end of the 19- 20th century?
(Presentation, slides № 23-25)
1. ……………..… had been invented by the end of the 19th century.
2. ……………...…. had been pioneered by the end of the 19th century.
3. ……………..…. had been patented by the end of the 20th century.
4. ……………..….. had been produced by the end of the 19th century.
5. ……………..….. had been designed by the end of the 20th century.
6. ………………… had been tested by the end of the 20th century.
7. Conclusion.
T: People have invented a lot of useful things to make their life more comfortable. Almost
every day a new technique or product appears in the world. But we always need something
more useful, more effective and more comfortable. If you could invent anything you like,
what would it be? What do you know about such inventions?
8. Homework. Project. “What Would You Like To Invent?” If you could to invent
anything you like what would it be?
T: Thank you. The lesson is over. You may be free. Good bye.