План-конспект занятия "KUTLU-BUKASH MUSEUM" 7-9 класс


' KUTLU-BUKASH
MUSEUM'
Цели: научить учащихся делать представление
своего школьного музея на английском языке.
Задачи:
1) Совершенствование ранее приобретённых
навыков и знаний устной речи.
2) Расширение кругозора учащихся.
3) Стремление вызвать интерес к истории своего
села.
4) Формирование кросскулътурной грамотности.
5) Пополнение знаний по изучению истории своего
села.
Оформление
5 гидов рассказывают про историю села, его
ценности и культуру, водят экскурсию по музею.
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Kutlu-Bukash museum
(The first guide)
Ancient Chelny town was on the left bank of
Shumbutka. This town was surrounded by four lines
of land fortification. There were two villages on the
other sides of these fortifications. People lived in the
villages. The area of Chelny town was about 80 square
km. The town life is divided info three periods:
Bulgar, Kazan and Gold Urda.
First of all I want to tell you about some exhibits of
Bulgar period:
On the first wall you can see the schemes of Chelny
town.
These schemes were made by the archeologists who
learned the town (Kashnin and Toliachev). Then you
can see a copper necklace, pear -shaped earrings, and
parts of mountainous crystal necklace, too. Our
museum has a millstone, pot splinters of this period.
Then there are the pictures of Halikov and some
unknown men embellishing our museum. Now I
would like to tell you about the exhibits of Kazan and
Gold Urda period. There you can see the picture of old
Kazan made by Halikov. There are metal nails, a
handle of a bone knife, metal tips of bows, silver
money in the museum, too. And then you can see
pictures of a Gold Urda's warrior, "Suyumbika and
Utameshgaray" made by an unknown artist. Swords,
the picture of Gold Urda's gates decorate our museum,
too. There is a book about Chelny town written by
famous archaeologists in the museum, too.
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The most important exhibit of Chelny town is the
grave stone of 1530. This exhibit is of great value for
our museum.
(The second guide)
Here you can see the furniture of the national Tatar
house. Pay attention to “kamaga” and “shamail”
please. There is a Mohammedan prayer on it.
These are towels.
Look at the national clothes of Tatar women of XIX -
XX centuries. Their attires include long dresses,
embroidered with aprons and shawls. There is an attire
of baptized Tatar women. It has the same parts. These
equipments are for weaving materials. They are so
called “kaba”, aya”, “tobyrcha”, “kaltyrcha”. Here
you can see different shoesand items for feet. They
were also embroidered by girls.
Here you can see the national head - gear of Tatar
women “kalfac” and one of the parts of their attire
“kukrakcha”. There are also combs, made from wood
and bones. Pay attention to pots, plates, spoons for
soup and teapots, please.
It is a main head - gear of Tatar men “tubetey”.
And it is a table - cloth.
Trade was widespread in the village in XIX - XX
centuries. It is proved by trade announcements.
This is a picture of K.F. Gun and his wife Vera. Here
you can see paintings, made by Gun. There are
pictures of an old man, who lived in the city of
Elabuga and an old woman, who lived in a Tatar
village. Pay attention to the picture, which contains
“samovar”, trays, cups and spoons.
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(the third guide)
Here you can see things used in agriculture. The first
exhibit is a bowl used for preserving honey. The
second exhibit is a pan used by our foremothers to
bake pies. And these things are used nowadays:
equipment for horses, wooden spoons, bowls, pots.
And this one is a cradle. It is made out of wood and
painted. This thing is a plough. People cultivated
fields with it. Have a look at this exhibit please. Our
foremothers put their children there when they had to
go outside.
(the fourth guide)
A tatar nation is famous for its skill to do unusual,
amazing things. There are a lot of jewel ornaments
and decorations for women made by the Tatars. They
all had been made with great taste and made a woman
more beautiful and charming.
It was natural, that every Tatar woman plaited hair and
decorated it with different jewels. Hair decorations
were a part of a national Tatar woman dress. When a
girl's hair became long and reached a waist, she was to
plait her hair and decorate it. Like that she should live
for all her life. Tatar national hair decorations were
very different. There are 3 kinds of them:
1) «Chulpy» - it is a decoration, made out of metal
money that was fastened to the end of a plait.
2) «Tanka» - it is a decoration, made out of little silver
or steel money.
3) «Chachkap» - it is a decoration made from a
precious stone and fastened to it with trinkets and
ornaments.
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There are a lot of rings, hair decorations made from
precious stones.
The most interesting decorations are collar chains
made in the XIX century.
There are 2 kinds of collar chains:
1) with fastening;
2) with fastening and a chain.
Collar chains consist of three parts: fastening; a chain,
a little coin.
In the Middle Ages for the Idel Tatars rings were the
most important and main decoration. It was necessary
to wear rings, especially rings with precious stones
were valued. People believed that precious stones,
minerals possess magic strength. There are a lot of
metal rings where you can read prayers in Arabic.
Men used to wear rings, too. But it wasn't a decoration
for them. They wore it like a very important thing.
Beautiful and precious jewels not only decorated, but
they were considered to keep people from spells and
showed the degree of richness.
(the fifth guide)
There were different prices on grain and other goods
in Kazan:
One sweat of rye - 1 rouble ;
Fresh oat- 72 pennies,
dry oat-78 cop;
Pea-from 80 cop to 1 rouble. 80 cop;
oil- 5 rouble 60 cop;
Sunflower - seed -7 rouble 20 cop;
Butter (brought from Vyatka)-! 1 rouble 80 cop
Simple butter- 13 rouble
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First sort of meat - 3 rouble
Second sort of meat- 2 rouble 50 cop
(taken from "Kazan mahbire", 21 August 1906 )
Money before the October revolution.
Metal and paper money in comparison with the
present day are different. Now simpler and lighter
money are produced. We know from the history that
before the appearance of money people used the goods
(skin and fur) for exchange. But only after some time
they invented money. The main reason for it was the
progress of economy.