Flowers and candy are favorite presents which sweethearts send each other. It is a favorite day
for parties, especially by young people.
T.: You know that the Americans celebrate Mother's Day in May and Father's Day in June.
Now we'll hear about these holidays.
P4: Mother's Day comes on the second Sunday in May. This is a day when Americans honor
their mothers. This day is called Mother’s Day. It’s a way of saying: “Thanks for being such a
Most mothers like to celebrate this day with the whole family. Many people send their mothers
a card or a gift. Some people take their mothers to a restaurant for dinner. It is the custom to
carry a red or pink flower, if one's mother is living. It is the custom to carry a white flower, if
one's mother is dead.
P5: Father's Day comes on the third Sunday in June. Many people send their fathers a card or a
gift. During the autumn, some colleges celebrate Dad's Day. They honor their fathers among the
members and friends of the college.
T.: Now we’ll talk about a great holiday, Easter.
P6: Easter is celebrated on Sunday in April or May. The week before Easter people color eggs.
Little children believe that the Easter Bunny comes and leaves the eggs for them. That's why
Easter candy is made in form of eggs, little chickens and rabbits. Eggs are the symbol of new
life. Easter is a church holiday. Easter marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring.
T: Now we’ll hear about the national day in America. It is Independence Day.
P7: On July 4, the United States celebrate Independence Day. It is the United States' birthday. It
is called Independence Day, because on July 4, 1776 it was declared that the United States is free
and independent from England. A group of Americans representing the thirteen British colonies
on the Atlantic coast of North America signed a document stating that these colonies had the
right to be free and independent. This document is known as the Declaration of Independence.
July 4 is celebrated by Americans as a national holiday, Independence Day.
P8: There is a building in Philadelphia which is called Independence Hall. Here the Declaration
was signed. On the building is the famous Liberty Bell. The Liberty Bell rang out in July 1776 in
Philadelphia, when the Declaration of Independence was signed by Congress. The great bell rang
out at every event of national importance until it cracked in 1835. Now the bell is on display in
Independence Hall in Philadelphia, but it never rings. The bell weighs over a ton and it is 12 feet
wide at the bottom.
T: There is a holiday in September. It is called Labor Day. What can you tell us about it?
P9: Labor Day is the first Monday in September. In 1869 the first labor union to defend workers'
rights was started. Workers got the right to an eight-hour workday. Most people do not go to
work on Labor Day. They have a three-day weekend. In some cities there is a parade. Some
people go to the beach, and others have a barbecue or a picnic.
P10: There is a holiday in October. It is called Columbus Day. Columbus Day is the second
Monday in October. On this day Americans remember Christopher Columbus, an Italian
explorer. He sailed west across the Atlantic to find a faster route to travel to Asia from Europe.
On October 11, 1492, he reached some islands near North America. He thought he was in India
and he called the people of the islands Indians.
T: Now we’ll listen to the story of another holiday. The Celts believed that on this day
ghosts walked the Earth and mingled with the living. At night people dressed up in costumes and
tried to look like the souls of the dead. Children put on masks and went to the streets to beg. It
was Halloween Day.
Today people, especially children, still wear costumes on this day and have masquerade parties.
P11. Halloween is one of the best holidays for children. It is the day or evening before All
Saints’ Day. American children celebrate Halloween on October 31. Children wear masks and
colorful costumes. The most popular costumes are ghosts, witches and skeletons. They dress up
in Halloween costumes and go out the streets to beg. They carry baskets and bags. The children
walk door to door in the neighborhood and shout "Trick or treat! Trick or treat", meaning "Give