Конспект урока "National holidays and traditions in the USA" 7 класс


Конспект урока английского языка в 7 классе
Мартынова Валентина Александровна
учитель английского языка
Муниципальное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение
Учхозская средняя общеобразовательная школа,
пос. Преображенский, Краснослободского района, Республики Мордовия.
Тема урока: «NATIONAL HOLIDAYS AND TRADITIONS IN THE USA».
Цели урока: изучающее чтение, формирование навыков монологической речи, практика в
аудировании; поддержка и развитие интереса к изучению предмета.
Оборудование: компьютерная презетация.
Ход урока:
1. Организационный момент.
(На экране начало презентации )
T: Good morning, boys and girls! Today we’ll talk about the national holidays, traditions in the
United States of America. At the lesson some of you will tell us about Christmas Day, New
Year's Day, St. Valentine's Day, about Easter, Mother's Day, about Independence Day in the
USA, Thanksgiving Day and other holidays and traditions. As you can see our lesson is held
with the help of computer. Look at the screen. Lets read and translate the information about
American holidays.
2. Просмотр кадров презентации. ( Учащиеся считывают информацию с экрана, чтение
вслух)
3. Ответы учащихся на вопросы учителя по просмотренным кадрам.
1) When do Americans celebrate Christmas?
2) What holiday do people celebrate on the 14
th
of February?
3) What holiday is Irish in America?
4) What holiday is celebrated on the second Sunday in May?
5) When do people color eggs?
6) Why is Independence Day celebrated on July 4?
7) What holiday is one of the best holidays for children? Why?
4. Разгадывание кроссворда «Holidays» из презентации
5. Просмотр презентации повторно.
6. Монологические высказывания учащихся.
T: Now let’s listen to your reports. Let’s begin with Christmas Day.
P1: Christmas Day is celebrated on the 25th of December. In America it's the most important
holiday of the year. Christmas is a religious holiday and one of the happiest holidays of the year,
because it is the day that Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. Americans prepare for
Christmas weeks before. They buy gifts for family, friends and relations. Every family tries to
have a Christmas tree, which is decorated with colored lights. They also hang little toys, sweets
on the tree and they put presents under the tree. And they prepare special food and cookies.
Christmas is a family holiday. People stay at home and spend the time with their families. People
send cards or Christmas greetings to their friends. They wish their friends "Merry Christmas"
and "A Happy New Year”. Little children believe that when they are asleep Santa Claus comes
to visit them with a big bag of toys. They often hang up large stockings to receive the presents.
On Christmas morning children look into their stockings and see their gifts.
P2: New Year's Day celebrates the start of a new year. Americans celebrate New Year's Day
on the first day of January, but people begin celebrating on December 31, New Year's Eve, the
night before New Year's Day. They have parties through the night. The theatres, night clubs and
restaurants are crowded. Many people watch the Rose Bowl football game on TV.
In Times Square, in New York, at a minute before midnight, a lighted ball goes down from one
of the buildings.
T.: On the 14th of February the Americans celebrate Saint Valentine's Day. One of you will
tell us about this holiday.
P3: Saint Valentine's Day is a day of love and friendship. It is celebrated among persons of all
ages. On that day most people send "valentines", candy or roses to people they love. Valentines
are greeting cards in the form of a heart, or they have hearts, the symbol of love, on them. A
"valentine" may mean a special greeting card or a little present. It may also be the person who
receives the gift. The greeting cards are often colored, have red trimmings and pictures of hearts.
Flowers and candy are favorite presents which sweethearts send each other. It is a favorite day
for parties, especially by young people.
T.: You know that the Americans celebrate Mother's Day in May and Father's Day in June.
Now we'll hear about these holidays.
P4: Mother's Day comes on the second Sunday in May. This is a day when Americans honor
their mothers. This day is called Mother’s Day. It’s a way of saying: “Thanks for being such a
great Mom!”
Most mothers like to celebrate this day with the whole family. Many people send their mothers
a card or a gift. Some people take their mothers to a restaurant for dinner. It is the custom to
carry a red or pink flower, if one's mother is living. It is the custom to carry a white flower, if
one's mother is dead.
P5: Father's Day comes on the third Sunday in June. Many people send their fathers a card or a
gift. During the autumn, some colleges celebrate Dad's Day. They honor their fathers among the
members and friends of the college.
T.: Now we’ll talk about a great holiday, Easter.
P6: Easter is celebrated on Sunday in April or May. The week before Easter people color eggs.
Little children believe that the Easter Bunny comes and leaves the eggs for them. That's why
Easter candy is made in form of eggs, little chickens and rabbits. Eggs are the symbol of new
life. Easter is a church holiday. Easter marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring.
T: Now we’ll hear about the national day in America. It is Independence Day.
P7: On July 4, the United States celebrate Independence Day. It is the United States' birthday. It
is called Independence Day, because on July 4, 1776 it was declared that the United States is free
and independent from England. A group of Americans representing the thirteen British colonies
on the Atlantic coast of North America signed a document stating that these colonies had the
right to be free and independent. This document is known as the Declaration of Independence.
July 4 is celebrated by Americans as a national holiday, Independence Day.
P8: There is a building in Philadelphia which is called Independence Hall. Here the Declaration
was signed. On the building is the famous Liberty Bell. The Liberty Bell rang out in July 1776 in
Philadelphia, when the Declaration of Independence was signed by Congress. The great bell rang
out at every event of national importance until it cracked in 1835. Now the bell is on display in
Independence Hall in Philadelphia, but it never rings. The bell weighs over a ton and it is 12 feet
wide at the bottom.
T: There is a holiday in September. It is called Labor Day. What can you tell us about it?
P9: Labor Day is the first Monday in September. In 1869 the first labor union to defend workers'
rights was started. Workers got the right to an eight-hour workday. Most people do not go to
work on Labor Day. They have a three-day weekend. In some cities there is a parade. Some
people go to the beach, and others have a barbecue or a picnic.
P10: There is a holiday in October. It is called Columbus Day. Columbus Day is the second
Monday in October. On this day Americans remember Christopher Columbus, an Italian
explorer. He sailed west across the Atlantic to find a faster route to travel to Asia from Europe.
On October 11, 1492, he reached some islands near North America. He thought he was in India
and he called the people of the islands Indians.
T: Now we’ll listen to the story of another holiday. The Celts believed that on this day
ghosts walked the Earth and mingled with the living. At night people dressed up in costumes and
tried to look like the souls of the dead. Children put on masks and went to the streets to beg. It
was Halloween Day.
Today people, especially children, still wear costumes on this day and have masquerade parties.
P11. Halloween is one of the best holidays for children. It is the day or evening before All
Saints’ Day. American children celebrate Halloween on October 31. Children wear masks and
colorful costumes. The most popular costumes are ghosts, witches and skeletons. They dress up
in Halloween costumes and go out the streets to beg. They carry baskets and bags. The children
walk door to door in the neighborhood and shout "Trick or treat! Trick or treat", meaning "Give
us a treat or we'll play a trick on you". Most people give them treat candy or fruit. People also
decorate houses and schools in the traditional Halloween colors: orange and black. Popular
decorations are ghosts, witches, skeletons, black cats and jack-o'-lanterns. The children scrape
out a pumpkin and cut the eyes, nose and mouth. They light a candle inside the pumpkin to scare
their friends. They set jack-o'-lanterns in the windows.
T.: You have listened to the description of some holidays and traditions in the United States.
But there is a holiday which is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. It is
Thanksgiving Day.
P12: In the United States Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday. It is celebrated on the 4
th
Thursday in November.
It was first celebrated in 1621 by the Pilgrim Fathers, after their first harvest. Ever since the
Pilgrims gave thanks for their survival in the new land in 1621. Most churches hold
Thanksgiving services. Thanksgiving is a family day. It is customary for all members of the
family to gather at the home of their parents. The family eats a large traditional dinner which will
include turkey and pumpkin pie.
T: You have learned many interesting things about holidays in the USA. What do you want to
ask about them?
7. Составление диалогов по кадрам презентации и прослушанным сообщениям о
понравившихся праздниках.
8. Подведение итогов урока.
Thank you for the lesson.
Список использованной литературы
1. Клементьева Т.Б., Шеннон Д. «Счастливый английский. Кн.2»
Обнинск. «Титул», 1998г
2. Деревянко Н.Н.и др. «New Millennium English»: учебник английского языка
для 7 класса. Обнинск. «Титул», 2007г.
3. Деревянко Н.Н.и др. Рабочая тетрадь к учебнику «New Millennium English»
для 7 класса. Обнинск. «Титул», 2007г
Использованные материалы и Интернет-ресурсы
1 Журнал «Иностранные языки в школе».-1997.-№6.
2. http://festival.1september.ru/articles/534476/
.