Презентация "Сравниваем страдательный залог с активным" 7-8 класс

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Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение «Средняя общеобразовательная школа №3 имени В.Н. Щеголева городского округа ЗАТО Светлый Саратовской области» Сравниваем страдательный залог с активным (Презентация к уроку) Автор: Галушко Ирина Михайловна, учитель английского языка Passive Voice VS Active Voice In theEnglish language there are two ways of describing the same action. Compare the sentences and name the difference: My dad opened the window. The subject in the sentence is active The window was opened by my dad. The subject in the sentence is not active, it is passive So we have got a new structure called “Passive Voice" which is used in English very often Use of the Passive Voice Passive Voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important who or what is performing the action. Example: The vase was broken. The focus here is on the fact that the vase was broken. We do not know,however,who broke it. In those cases when it is important to say who did the action the preposition by is used : The poem was written by A. Pushkin. The clouds are moved by the sky. Form of the Passive Voice: be + Paticiple II Presnt Simple Passive am/ is/ are + V3 Past Simple Passive was/ were + V3 Present Perfect Passive
  • have/
  • has been + V3
Future Simple Passive will be + V3 Choose the right form of the verb 1. English (speak / is spoken) all over the world. 2. I (made / was made) the fruit salad myself. 3. The church (biult / was built) by Christopher Wren. 4. Our room (cleans / is cleaned) every day. 5. My friend (will invite / will be invited) me to his birthday soon. Check yourself

1. English is spoken all over the world.

2. I made the fruit salad myself.

3. The church was built by Christopher


4. Our room is cleaned every day.

5. My friend will invite me to his birthday

party soon.

Use the Passive Voice in the appropriate form 1. The post office (close) on Sundays. The post office is closed on Sundays. 2. The exhibition (organize) next month. The exhibition will be organized next month. 3. Delicious cakes (make) already. Delicious cakes have been already made. 4. A nice present (give) to him yesterday. A nice present was given to him yesterday. When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following: The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive one(or is dropped): -Thousands of tourists visit London every month -London is visited by thousands of tourists every month. Transform the sentences in passive voice: 1. The writer will publish his new book next year. The book will be published by the writer next year. 2. My sister cleaned the room yesterday. The room was cleaned (by my sister) yesterday. 3. Most people in the country speak English. English is spoken by most people of the country. 4. We received this letter a week ago. This letter was received (by us) a week ago Thanks a lot for your work, children! Библиография Биболетова М.З. Английский с удовольствием: учебник для 7 кл. общеобразовательных учрежд.-Обнинск: Титул,2008 Интернет-ресурсы: www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/ www.thepassivevoice.com/