Урок-дискуссия "Искусство в нашей жизни" 4 класс


Урок-дискуссия «Искусство в нашей жизни»
Цели и задачи: воспитывать уверенность в приоритете общечеловеческих ценностей, формировать
критическое мышление, воспитывать эстетические вкусы.
Оборудования: работы учащихся, портреты художников, картины.
Ход урока
Teacher. Read the quotations and comment on them
“ A picture is a poem without words”
“ All art is but but imitation of nature”
Seneca
Teacher. I am sure the proverb “Art is long and life is short” is known to everybody. Express your opinion
on the statement.
Teacher. You may see different works of fine arts at museums and picture galleries. What does painting
mean to you? What genres of painting do you know?
( Landscape, seascape, still life, flower piece, portrait, battle piece)
What kind of artist do you know? ( a humorist, a colourist, a water colour master, a portraitist, a landscape
painter,a marine painter, a satirist).
T. Let’s listen a report about the greatest landscape painter John Constable
P. John Constable, one of the greatest landscape painters, was born in Sufford, on June 11, 1776. He was
the son of a wealthy miller. He began to take interest in landscape painting while he was at grammar school.
His father did not favour art as a profession. As a boy Constable worked almost secretly, painting in the
cottage of an amateur painter. His keen artistic interest was such that his father allowed him to go to London
in 1795, where he began to study painting. In 1799 Constable entered the Royal Academy School in London.
He was the first landscape painter who considered that every painter should make his sketches direct from
nature, that is, working in the open air. Constable’s art developed slowly. He tried to earn his living by
portraits. His heart was never in this and he achieved no popularity. Constable was a realist. He put into his
landscape cattle, horses, the people working there. He put the smiling meadows, the sparkle of the sun on
rain, or the stormy and uncertain clouds. The most notable works of Constable are “Flatford Mill”, “The
White Horse”, “The Hay Wain”, “Waterloo Bridge”, “From Whitehall stairs” and others. In England
Constable never received the recognition that he felt he was due. The French were the first to acclaim
Constable publicly. His influence upon foreign painting schools has been powerful. Constable may truly be
considered the father of modern landscape painting.
T. Look at the video about Spanish painter. Read the text.
Salvador Dali (11.05.1904 - 23.01.1989) - Spanish painter
Salvador Dali was an outstanding Spanish surrealist painter. Apart from painting he was involved in
photography art, film making and lecturing. He shot several films and wrote several books during his life,
including “An Andalusian Dog”, “The Secret Life of Salvador Dali”. He was considered to be a powerful
and extraordinary public figure. Dali was born on May 11th, 1904, in Figueres, in a rather strange family.
His mother was a fervent believer, while his father was an atheist. Although his father’s name was also
Salvador, the boy was named so after his dead brother, which highly worried the painter. He wasn’t a
diligent pupil at school, although drawing talent was there from his very childhood.
His pictures were on display in Figueres when he was only 14 years old. After the school he easily entered
the Academy of Fine Arts. Studying there wasn’t his favourite pastime. The only reason why he stayed in
Madrid was his desire to be closer to his comrades, among them Luis Bunuel, Federico Garcia Lorca. In
1924, he was expelled from the academy for misbehaving. A year later he reentered the academy but was
again expelled, this time without the right to recover. By that time he’d already had his own exhibition,
which was numerously visited by Picasso. In 1929, Dali shot his first surreal movie “An Andalusian Dog”.
After that, he decided officially to become a surrealist.
The same year he met his lifelong muse - Gala Eluard. She can now be seen in many of his paintings. They
were so much in love with each other that Gala left her husband to live with the beloved Dali in Cadaques in
a small house without any facilities. She helped him to arrange several exhibitions in London, Barcelona,
New York. At one of his London exhibitions he appeared in the suit of a diver. He enjoyed surprising the
public and having lots of attention. After his trip to Italy, Dali considerably changed his style of drawing. At
this stage he admired the works of Renaissance masters. As the war broke out, he moved to the USA, where
he instantly gained success and recognition.
In 1942, he wrote an autobiographical book which was quickly sold out. In 1946, he met Alfred Hitchcock
and they started working together. Some of his European comrades were rather jealous and occasionally
wrote humiliating articles about him. In 1948, Dali returned to Spain and settled in Port Ligat. However, he
sometimes travelled to France and the USA. More and more he was engaged with the idea of Catholicism.
Religious motifs can be seen in his 1950s’ paintings. At the dawn of his life he took up photography and
lecturing. In 1974, he donated a large sum of money to build the Dali Museum in Figueres, which shows
fantastic architecture and is full of his art works. Dali died in 1989, just a few years later after Gala’s death.
T. Finish the sentences
1.He began to take interest in landscape painting while he was..
2. She helped him to arrange several exhibitions in London, Barcelona,
3.In 1799 Constable entered the Royal Academy..
4. At this stage he admired the works of..
T. Did you like our lesson? What proverbs about art have you remembered?