Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение
Манычская средняя общеобразовательная школа №11
«Личность Шерлок Холмса: миф и реальность».
Выполнила: ученица 8 а класса,
Научный руководитель: Шконда Ольга Викторовна,
учитель английского языка
Sherlock Holmes: myth and reality
I invite you to explore the world of
Sherlock Holmes was created by Arthur Conan Doyle.
He is a famous writer. He was born in Scotland. He was
а doctor and his medical knowledge was a great help
to him in his detective stories. The name Sherlock
Holmes became a name that everybody knew.
What are the attributes
which combine to make
a person a world-famous legend?
Can all these qualities
be attributed to Sherlock Holmes?
Sherlock Holmes described himself as a "consulting detective", we are told that he is able to solve a problem without leaving his home. He specializes in solving unusual cases using his extraordinary powers of observation and logical reasoning.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle credited the conception of Holmes to his teacher at the medical school of Edinburgh University, the gifted surgeon and
forensic detective, Joseph Bell.
Holmes was named after Oliver Wendell Holmes, whom Conan Doyle admired, and an English cricketer named Sherlock.
Holmes is generally depicted in various media as wearing a deerstalker hat and smoking a pipe.
Holmes is described as a tall, lean gentleman with sharp eyes, and an aquiline nose. Despite his lean build, he is quite physically capable. He is a skillful boxer and fencer.
Holmes can be enough cold.
He describes himself and his habits as "Bohemian." He may suffer from bipolar disorder
Modern readers of the Holmes stories are apt to be surprised that he was an occasional user of cocaine and morphine
Holmes is quite fearless.
Holmes deduction is more difficult to model his inference as deduction using general principles. Holmes demonstrates his abilities to new clients by making on-the-spot deductions about their personalities and recent activities.
In some later stories, Holmes criticizes Watson for his writings, usually because he relates them as exciting stories rather than as objective and detailed reports.
Watson was the great detective's loyal companion and Holmes was aware of his value.
In many of the stories, Holmes is assisted by the practical Watson, who is not only a friend but also his chronicler.
Holmes was not without feelings:
he appreciated the opera and classical music.
He was reserved towards women,
because he felt their influence a distraction to his work,
Holmes took an interest in a Miss Irene Adler,
whom he always referred to as 'thewoman'.
She was born in New Jersey in 1858.
Holmes and women
"The Adventure of the Dancing Men“
"The Adventure of the Final Problem“
"A Scandal in Bohemia“
"The Adventure of the Empty House“
"The Five Orange Pips“
"The Adventure of the Second Stain“
"The Adventure of the Devil's Foot“
"The Adventure of the Priory School“
The Baker Street Journal's list:
"The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle“
"The Adventure of Silver Blaze“
"The Adventure of the Six Napoleons“
"The Adventure of the Dancing Men“
"The Adventure of the Empty House"
about Sherlock Holmes
"My name is Sherlock Holmes. It is my business to know what other people don't know.“
"The air of London is sweeter for my presence."
"My brain has always governed my heart.“
""A man always finds it hard to realize that he may have finally lost a woman's love, however badly he may have treated her."
"There is nothing more deceptive than an obvious fact.“
"You can never foretell what any one man will do, but you can say with precision what an average number will be up to. Individuals vary, but percentages remain constant.“
"Education never ends, Watson. It is a series of lessons, with the greatest for the last”
Sherlock Holmes has inspired the creation of thousands of essays, poems, books, plays, films and has been portrayed by more actors than any other person. He is frequently quoted in magazines and newspapers, on TV and radio, and even on the internet!
Holmes and the cinema
Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson lived in a Victorian lodging house at 221b Baker Street between 1881-1904, according to the stories written by Conan Doyle.
The house was built in 1815 .
It is open as a museum dedicated to the life and times of Sherlock Holmes.
The Sherlock Holmes Museum
His things are in their usual places.
Visitors can sit in Mr. Holmes’s armchair
to pose for photos, and enter his bedroom.
has been known
in every country
of the world.
He is still however
an enigmatic figure.
The best way
the real character
of Sherlock Holmes
is to read his published
The fame of Sherlock Holmes ensures that he will exist in