Презентация "The English Verbs Tenses Chart"


Подписи к слайдам:
verb + -/-s

Simple

Progressive

Perfect

Perfect Progressive

Present

Past

Future

The English Verbs Tenses Chart

Условные обозначения:

(moment) = действие обычное, постоянное

(period) = длительное действие

(result) = действие закончено, есть результат

Present Simple

+ I play volleyball every day.

She plays volleyball every day.

- I don’t play volleyball every day.

She doesn’t play volleyball every day.

? Do you play volleyball every day?

Does she play volleyball every day?

past

now

future

  • для выражения действия, происходящего постоянно, регулярно;
  • для выражения общеизвестных фактов;
  • для выражения будущего действия в расписаниях, программах.

Signal Words

  • usually
  • always
  • often
  • every day
  • every month
  • every week
  • every year

verb + -/s

Present Progressive (Continuous)

+ I am playing now.

She is playing now.

past

now

future

  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в момент речи;
  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в настоящий период времени;
  • для выражения действия, которое запланировано заранее и будет происходить в ближайшем будущем.

Signal Words

  • now
  • right now
  • at the moment
  • Look!
  • Listen!

- I’m not playing now.

They’re not playing now.

? Are you playing now?

Is he playing now?

am / is / are + verb+ing

Present Perfect

+ I have just played volleyball.

She has just played volleyball.

- I haven’t just played volleyball.

She hasn’t just played volleyball.

? Have you just played volleyball?

Has she just played volleyball?

past

now

future

  • для выражения действия, начавшегося в прошлом и закончившегося к настоящему моменту, когда подчеркивается результат

Signal Words

  • just
  • lately
  • already yet
  • ever
  • never
  • this week
  • this winter
  • this year
  • since
  • for

have / has + past participle

Present Perfect Progressive

+ I have been playing volleyball for one hour.

She has been playing volleyball for one hour.

  • I haven’t been playing volleyball for one hour
  • She hasn’t been playing volleyball for one hour.

    ? Have you been playing volleyball for one hour?

    Has she been playing volleyball for one hour?

past

now

future

  • для выражения длительного действия, которое началось и продол-жалось в момент речи с указанием того, как долго оно длилось;
  • для выражения длительного действия, которое началось в прошлом и длилось вплоть до настоящего момента, а в момент речи не происходит.

Signal Words

  • all day
  • for 4 years
  • since 2006
  • how long?
  • the whole
  • week

have / has been + verb+ing

Past Simple

+ I played volleyball yesterday.

She played volleyball yesterday.

- I didn’t play volleyball yesterday.

She didn’t play volleyball yesterday.

? Did you play volleyball yesterday?

Did she play volleyball yesterday?

past

now

future

  • для выражения действия, совершившегося в прошлом;
  • для выражения ряда последовательных действий в прошлом;
  • для выражения повторяющегося действия в прошлом.

Signal Words

  • yesterday
  • last week
  • last winter
  • an hour ago
  • a week ago
  • a year ago
  • in 2006
  • in May

verb+ed / past form of irregular verb

Past Progressive (Continuous)

+ I was playing volleyball.

She was playing volleyball.

past

now

future

  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в определенный период времени в прошлом (неизвестно, закончилось оно или нет);
  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в определенный момент в прошлом.

Signal Words

  • while
  • when

- I wasn’t playing volleyball.

They were not playing volleyball.

? Were you playing volleyball?

Was he playing volleyball?

was / were + verb+ing

Past Perfect

+ I had played volleyball, before I began to play basketball.

  • He had not played volleyball, before I began to play basketball.
  • ? Had they played volleyball, before they began to play basketball?

past

now

future

  • для выражения действия, которое совершилось до другого действия (или определенного момента) в прошлом

Signal Words

none

had + past participle

Past Perfect Progressive

+ I had been playing volleyball for two hours, before you arrived.

  • She hadn’t been playing volleyball for two hours, before you arrived.
  • ? Had they been playing volleyball for two hours, before I arrived.

past

now

future

  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в момент наступления другого действия в прошлом с указанием того, как долго длилось действие;
  • для выражения длительного действия, которое закончилось к моменту наступления другого действия в прошлом.

Signal Words

  • all day
  • for
  • since
  • the whole day

had been + verb+ing

Future Simple

+ I will play volleyball tomorrow.

- She will not play volleyball tomorrow.

? Will you play volleyball tomorrow?

past

now

future

  • для выражения действия, которое произойдет в будущем;
  • для выражения последовательных действий в будущем.

Signal Words

  • tomorrow
  • next month
  • in two years

will / shall + verb

Future Progressive (Continuous)

+ I shall be playing volleyball from 3 till 5 o’clock tomorrow.

past

now

future

  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в определенный период времени в будущем;
  • для выражения длительного действия, происходящего в определенное время в будущем.

Signal Words

  • in one year
  • next week
  • tomorrow

- They shall not be playing volleyball from 3 till 5 o’clock tomorrow.

? Shall you be playing volleyball from 3 till 5 o’clock

tomorrow?

will / shall be + verb+ing

Future Perfect

+ I shall have played volleyball by 3 o’clock tomorrow.

- She shall not have played volleyball by 3 o’clock tomorrow.

? Shall you have played volleyball by 3 o’clock tomorrow?

past

now

future

  • для выражения будущего действия, закончившегося до определенного момента или другого действия в будущем.

Signal Words

  • by (the end of the day, ... week, ...month, ...year, ...decade)

will / shall have + past participle

Future Perfect Progressive

+ I shall have been playing volleyball for two hours by the time more players arrive.

  • I shall not have been playing volleyball for two hours by the time more players arrive.
  • ? Have you been playing volleyball for two hours by the time more players arrive?

past

now

future

  • для выражения длительного действия, которое начавшись в будущем, будут продолжаться в течение некоторого периода времени до наступления другого, более позднего будущего действия, и будет совершаться в момент его наступления.

Signal Words

  • for
  • since

will / shall have been + verb+ing