How Does It Work?
What do you think “democracy”
The Queen is the Head of State
Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state but she has no real power. In Britain it is Parliament that has the power.
Born: 21 April 1926 (age 90)
Reign: 6 February 1952 – present
The legislative power
The Parliament represent legislative branch of power.
The British Parliament
The British Parliament consists of two houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
the House of Commons
The House of Lords
The executive power
The Prime Minister and his Cabinet represent the executive branch of power.
The Prime Minister
The Prime Minister is the leader the party with the majority seats in the House of Commons and is appointed by the Queen. The Prime Minister chooses a team of ministers; twenty ministers are in the Cabinet.
The Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Theresa May (since 13 July 2016)
The two leading parties
The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and the Shadow Cabinet. The two leading parties in Great Britain are the Conservative Party (the Tories) and the Labour Party.