II. Основная часть.
Although many people support the idea of a welfare state, there are some
people who speak for the necessity of its partial change and there are those who
don’t support the idea at all.
1. Работа с текстом. Обсуждение домашнего задания.
At home you read the opinion of a teenager from Russia “How “Welfare
state” destroys Welfare”.
Read the text and answer my questions:
1) What does the teenager say about the present western system of “social
justice” or “welfare”?
2) Why does he think that at present the situation is the opposite?
3) What does he say about an absurd idea of “relative poverty “in 70’s?
4) Does he provoke you to a critical response?
5) Do you agree with him? ( partly- частично)
How «Welfare State» Destroys Welfare
Lots of people are sure, with no clear reasons, that progress is undoubtedly
desirable. But what exactly is progress? Just a movement forward - in fact, any
movement, because forward is just where we move. But do we progress in the
In my opinion the present Western system of «social justice», or «welfare», is worse
than the workhouses which existed in the previous century. There, according to the
law, the poor who could not feed themselves had to live in special places set all over
the country. The inhabitants were provided with food and cloth there, had a roof
over their heads, but were obliged to perform hard work. The living conditions in
workhouses were intentionally meager to discourage people from using state aid
instead of working and earning their living.
This system did not demand much money and, hence, high taxes. Businesses were
taxed as little as possible. On the other hand, workhouses stimulated people to work for
themselves. Thus, they created the wealthiest countries in the world.
At present the situation is the opposite - «welfare states», with high taxes and high
social payments, have emerged all over the West. The poor are not obliged to work;
they are provided with welfare at the expense of taxes paid by the wealthy.
Business is restricted, leisure is encouraged:
Even this would not be so bad if the idea of poverty had not been perverted.
Originally, the poor were those who could not obtain food, clothing or shelter. The
necessary level of life was calculated through these three factors - food, clothing and