Презентация "Painting" 9 класс


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Painting.

Painting

a presentation is made by Ribak Olesya .

Meaning

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used.

Osmerkin Alexander.

"Leningrad. Washing"

HISTORY

The oldest known paintings are at the Grotte Chauvet in France, which some historians believe are about 32,000 years old. They are engraved and painted using red ochre and black pigment, and they show horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, mammoth, abstract designs and what are possibly partial human figures. However, the earliest evidence of the act of painting has been discovered in two rock-shelters in Arnhem Land, in northern Australia. In the lowest layer of material at these sites, there are used pieces of ochre estimated to be 60,000 years old. Archaeologists have also found a fragment of rock painting preserved in a limestone rock-shelter in the Kimberley region of North-Western Australia, that is dated 40,000 years old. There are examples of cave paintings all over the world—in Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, China, Australia, Mexico, etc.

Cave painting of aurochs.

Types of painting by purpose

  • monumental;
  • easel;
  • decorative;
  • decorative,or theater;
  • miniature.

Aivazovsky Ivan Konstantinovich. Italian landscape.

The main varieties of painting techniques

  • tempera;
  • fresco;
  • oil painting;
  • pastel;
  • mosaic.

Eugène Delacroix ‘ «Dante and Virgil in Hell».

Types of painting by genre

  • domestic;
  • historical;
  • portrait;
  • landscape;
  • still life.

Bingham, George Caleb. Traders on the Missouri fur.

Thank you for attention.