Wales is the country in the West of Great Britain. The western pocket of Britain is
almost a separate nation, with its own language and culture. In the mid 50s Wales was hit in
the economic crises, its rural areas depopulated. Only tree million people live in Wales now.
Cardiff, the capital of Wales, which was built by Romans in 75, is beautifully planned.
They say it is the greenest city in Wales. The pride of the city is the “Millennium’ stadium for
7000 visitors. The rugby championship of 1999 was held here.
In the centre of the city there is Norman Castle, which was built by Normans in the
XII-th century. Nowadays the conferences of leaders of European Union countries are held
Outskirts of Cardiff. There is a museum in the open air now, but 2000 years ago Celts
had here herds of cattle and sheep were acquired with the use of metal. Later – till the mid
50s- miners lived here. On the screen you can see the typical miners’ houses.
A smithy was the central place of every Welsh village. You can see a lecturer, who
tells about the history of the village in Welsh.
The second guide
Welsh language is commonly spoken by about 20 per cent of the population. All the
signs along the Welsh motorways are written both in English and Welsh.
You can see a variety of landscapes in Wales – it’s a country of rugged mountains and
deep valleys.6 per cent of Wales is covered by forests and much of the country is the pasture-
land for sheep and cattle.
South Wales is a region of contrasts. The industrial cities of Swansea, Cardiff and
Newport are only a shirt journey away from sandy beaches and busy holiday resorts.
Tembey is a resort in the country of Pembrokeshire. It’s very popular among tourists
and holidaymakers. It has almost subtropical climate.
The third guide
Along the seacoast of the West Wales there is the picturesque national Park,
Pembrokeshire Coast. There are famous resorts and beaches which attract tourists’ attention.
You can see the castle Harbic now. Nearby people play golf – the national Welsh
sports game. Now you can enjoy the views of the northern Wales which is called Snowdonia.
It is famous for its castles: Bowery, Co Narvon, Conway. Tourists especially like to walk
along the castle’s walls. These mountain villages are very cozy and comfortable. They attract
not only holiday – makers but film – makers. Steven Spielberg and Irgman Bergman directed
their films there.
The fourth guide
The Conway Castle is the part of Iron Ring – the chain of castles created by James of Saint
George d’Esperange. Right here they announce a new Welsh prince. Snowdonia is the
motherland of bowling – the national sport of Wales.
The River Conway is very busy with boating.
The Resort Landudn. You won’t find medieval historical places here. But the resort is a
wonderful place for middleclass and rich people to rest.
Presenter 2. Now listening comprehension:
1. What number of people speaks Welsh language now?
2. What is the surface of Welsh landscapes?
3. What is Tembey?
4. Where is it situated?
5. What is the capital of the country?
6. Who built the first settlement in Wales 2000 years ago?