Презентация "Present Simple and Present Progressive"


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Present Simple Tense

Present Simple and Present Progressive

[s] walks, eats, makes, keeps

[z] goes, finds, reads, smells

[iz] watches, misses, washes, mixes

[ŋ] sleeping, singing, talking, wearing, watching, playing, making, writing. 

Present Simple Tense

Children go to school every day.

Действие происходит часто, обычно,

время от времени повторяется

Действие происходит всегда или не происходит никогда

I always ride my bike in summer.

My sister never drinks cola.

Слова-спутники:

usually – обычно always – всегда

sometimes – иногда often – часто

never – никогда every day – каждый день, etc

Present Simple образуется

глагол

+

s

если действие выполняют

he

she

it

Nick swims in the swimming

bath every day.

Ann rides her bike in summer.

The cat often sleeps

on the bookshelf.

Present Simple образуется

глагол

без s

если действие выполняют

we

you

they

I

We love English.

They often write tests

at school .

You read at the lessons.

Вопросы и отрицание

в Present Simple образуются

при помощи

Do

Does

I

we

you

they

he

she

it

They play football

very well.

Do they play football

very well?

Yes, they do.

Do they play football

very well?

No, they don’t.

They don’t play football

very well.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple:

At half past seven we (to have) breakfast.

My mother (to be) a doctor, she (to leave) home at nine o’clock.

In the evening we (to watch) TV and (to talk).

have

is leaves

watch talk

Present Simple and Present Progressive

Present Simple

  • повторяющееся действие или факт
  • We read every day.

    We have books.

Present Progressive

  • действие происходит сейчас,
  • в данный момент,

    в момент речи

    We are reading now.

Present Simple

  • Сигнальные слова:
  • every day, often, usually, always, sometimes, never, on Mondays

Present Progressive

  • Сигнальные слова:
  • now,

    at the moment,

    at 5 o’clock

Present Simple

Образование

В 3 л. ед.ч. добавляется -s/-es

I speak English

He speaks English

Present Progressive

Образование

Глагол to be + Ving

(am, is are)

I am speaking English now.

He is speaking English now.

She is speaking English now.

It is speaking English now.

We are speaking English now.

You are speaking English now.

They are speaking English now.

Present Simple

Отрицание

do not/ don’t

В 3 л. ед.ч.

does not/ doesn’t

I don’t speak English

He doesn’t speak English

Present Progressive

Отрицание

Глагол to be + not + Ving

(am, is are)

I am not speaking English now.

He is not speaking English now.

She is not speaking English now.

It is not speaking English now.

We are not speaking English now.

You are not speaking English now.

They are not speaking English now.

Present Simple

Вопросы

Do подлежащее сказуемое?

В 3 л. ед.ч.

Does подлежащее сказуемое?

Do I speak English?

Does he speak

English?

Present Progressive

Вопросы

Глагол to be +подлежащее+ Ving?

(am, is are)

Am I speaking English now?

Is he speaking English now?

Is she speaking English now?

Is it speaking English now?

Are we speaking English now?

Are you speaking English now?

Are they speaking English now?

Правило добавления -ing

  • Односложные глаголы оканчиваются  на одну краткую гласную и одну согласную букву, удваивается согласная: Swim-swimming Sit-sitting Run-running 
  • Глаголы оканчиваются на , буква -e исчезает
  • Write-writing Drive-driving

  • Глаголы оканчиваются на буквосочетание -iе Lie-lying Die-dying  Tie-tying
  • В остальных случаях: Walk-walking Wait-waiting Open-opening
  •  

Категории глаголов, к которым не добавляется окончание -ing. 

Статические глаголы (Stative verbs).

  • глаголы всех чувств ( like, love, hate, smell, see, hear, и т.д.)
  • глаголы мыслительных процессов ( think, know, understand, believe и т.д.)
  • все модальные глаголы.

Закончи предложения, выбрав нужную форму глагола.

Образец: What is John doing? He (is reading/reads) now.

-He is reading now.

1.It is seven in the evening. Mum (is cooking/cooks) in the kitchen.

Mum is cooking in the kitchen.

2.Nelly never (is eating/eats) apples. She doesn`t like them.

Nelly never eats apples.

3.Is Jane drinking tea? – No, she (is drinking/drinks) coffee. She always (is drinking/drinks) coffee in the morning.

– No, she is drinking coffee. She always drinks coffee in the morning.

4. Is John driving the car now?- No, his father (is driving/drives). John never (is driving/drives) in Moscow.

  • No, his father is driving. John never drives in Moscow.
  • 5. – Mum, Granny! Are you cooking dinner?

    –Yes, we (are/do). I (am cooking/cook) fish and granny (is cooking/cooks) a cake.

    - Yes, we are. I am cooking fish and granny is cooking a cake.

7. Where (are/is) the children? They (are playing/play) in the garden.

Where are the children? They are playing in the garden.

8. We sometimes (are riding/ride) bikes in the morning.

We sometimes ride bikes in the morning.