Teacher: OK, S will tell us about the costruction of the yurt, how to set it up, do
Student 6: The construction of the yurt starts with a door. The door must face the
East where the Sun rises. Latticed walls are lashed together with strong leather
thongs and put in a form of a circle. Sticks are rested on top of the walls and their
sharpened ends are put into the small holes on a wooden circle”haraacha” on top
of the yurt. On the outside the yurt is covered with felt.Over the felt there must
be a tarpaulic cover to protect felt from rain and snow. It is very warm in winter
and cool in summer. It is well ventilated too. A tuvan yurt is light and easily
transportable, can be set up and taken down quickly. There are usually 5 to 6
walls in the yurt. Bigger yurts can have up to 8 walls.
There is no wooden floor in the yurt. There are usually felt carpets on the ground.
In the middle of the yurt there is traditionally a fire place where the family cooks.
It also heats and lightens the yurt.
A tuvan yurt is a symmetrical constuction because it has a form of a cone. A tuvan
yurt has no windows. Haraacha serves as a window. You can open it or close it.
You can see the sky and the stars through it at night.
Teacher: OK, now let’s see what is there inside the yurt. S7, please.
Student 7: A tuvan yurt is a one-room circle consrtuction. It doesn’t have any
partitions but it is divided into several parts. The right side from the door is
considered to be a female part, the left side is a male part, the room opposite the
door is for honoured guests, we can also say that it is a sitting-room and this part
near the door is for house holding objects. The interesting thing is that the tuvans
never locked the door in early times, they used to keep it open. There is not much
furniture in the yurt because of frequent movements but it is put in a certain
Teacher: Let’s see what is there on the right side of the yurt. S8 will continue.
Student 8: On the right side there must be ulguur, a cupboard for keeping
kitchen utensils and food. So, you can see different national utensils in and
around the cupboard.They are mostly made of leather and wood.Their shape,
material and weight are suitable for frequent travellings. They are very practical.
For example, this is kogerzhik, a container for tuvan wine or milk. It is made of
leather. These bags are for salt and tea. They are also made of leather. You can