Урок-экскурсия "Welcome to the yurt" 7 класс


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Министерство образования Республики Тыва
МБОУ Гимназия № 9 г. Кызыла
Урок-экскурсия “Welcome to the yurt”
( Разработка открытого урока)
Разработал: Дешки Г.Н.,
учитель английского языка
МБОУ Гимназия № 9 г. Кызыла
г. Кызыл
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Содержание
Тип урока стр.3
Форма урока стр 3
Оснащение стр.3
Цели: стр.3
1. Образовательная
2. Воспитательная
3. Развивающая
Технологии стр.3
Ход урока
I.Начало урока стр.4
II.Основная часть стр.5
III.Рефлексия стр.10
IV.Конец урока стр.10
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Форма урока: Нетрадиционный урок-экскурсия в тувинской юрте
Тип урока: Обобщение изученного лексического материала по теме: «Юрта»;
Оснащение урока:
Техническое: Компьютер, компакт-диск с мильмимедийными
презентациями, магнитофон;
Учебное: Тувинская юрта со всем врутренним убранством и предметами в
ней, учебные карточки, дидактический материал, УМК;
Цели:
Образовательная:
1.Активизировать употребление в речи обучающихся глаголов в Past Simple и
конструкции used to;
2.Активизировать употребление конструкции There is / There are;
3. Провести практику обучающихся в монологической и диалогической речи;
4. Активизировать употребление освоенной лексики по теме «Юрта»;
Воспитательная:
1. Развивать у обучающихся способности проводить экскурсию в тувинской
юрте на английском языке;
2. Ознакомить обучающихся со строением и внутренним убранстом
тувинской юрты, тувинскими национальными обычаями и костюмом;
3. Развивать у обучающихся чувство патриотизма, уважения к национальной
культуре;
Развивающая:
1. Развивать у обучающихся коммуникативную компетенцию, позволяющую
проводить экскурсию в тувинской юрте на английском языке;
2. Развивать познавательный интерес, творческие способности, нравстенные
качества обучающихся, волю, память, внимание;
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3. Развивать умение учебного сотрудичества при выполнении коллективных
познавательно-поисковых заданий;
Технологии: Проектная технология, технология критического мышления,
игровые технологии; личностно-ориентированный подход;
Ход урока
I.Начало урока
Вступительное слово: Дешки Г.Н.
Teacher: Good morning! Today we are going to have an unusual lesson, a lesson
in the tuvan yurt. What are we going to have?
Student: We are going to have a presentation of our project.
Teacher: At our previuos lessons we started the project on the tuvan yurt,
collected the material and learnt the vocabulary on this topic. Today we are going
to take the last stage of our project which is the presentation of the project in the
form of an excursion. Our excursion is called “Welcome to the yurt!”.
Student 1: When we have guests in the yurt, we greet them with the words
“Amyrgyn-na, amyr be?” which means “How are you? How is your cattle? How is
your health?” And the guest answers “Amyr, amyr-la” which means “We are all
right and the cattle is good” or “Not bad, we are doing well”. We have to touch
the guest’s arms, like this. If I am younger than you, my hands must be
underneath yours and on the contrary, if I am older than you my hands must be
on yours. That is the tuvan way saying “Hello”.
Teacher: Weve got another important custom to meet guests.
Student 2: The tuvan people have a custom to offer tuvan milk tea to a guest, it is
a gesture to welcome guests. Tuvan tea is made of green georgian tea, some milk
and a pinch of salt. You have to give a china on kadak with both hands, it shows
that I respect the guest and the guest has to take the china with both hands as
well to show respect to hosts. According to the tuvan custom there must be little
tea in the china. Help yourselves, please!
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Teacher: OK, during our excursion you have to use the vocabulary you have learnt
and the grammar material which is the Past Simple Tense and the construction
used to in your speech. And your main task is to have practice in the monological
and dialogic speech. So, before we start our excursion we will revise the
vocabulary on the topic. Please look at the screen and repeat after me all
together.
(presentation with the vocabulary on the screen)
Vocabulary
Ancestor nomad stick
Chest to offer sleeve
Custom oriental robe suitable
Cone pillow superstitious
Felt to purify spirit master
Hostess partition straw
Hole reindeer to take down
Harness to resemble truck
Juniper sacred tarpaulic cover
Kitchen utensils to set up turned up toes
Lamb sheep skin throat-singing
Leather saddle waistband
Needle case steel whip
yurt
Teacher: Mind your grammar as well. You will use:
1. The Past Simple Tense in your speech. The formular is :
V2, -ed in the affirmative sentence,
For example: In early times the tuvan people kept their door open.
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2. The construction Used +to. .For example: The tuvan people used to keep the
door open in early times.
And the costruction There is /There are: For example, In the middle of the yurt
there is a fire place.There are no windows in the tuvan yurt.
II. Основная часть
Teacher: OK, now we can start our excursion. You can ask questions, if you have
any.
S 1 and S2 will start, do please.
Student 3: We are in the tuvan yurt. It is a traditional dwelling of the tuvan people
which has been preserved since ancient times.Today a lot of tuvans, mostly
herders, still live in the yurts in order to keep up with the semi-nomadic lifestyle.
In ancient times tuvans were predominantly semi-nomadic herders and hunters
as well. So, a tuvan yurt is the most suitable and practical dwelling for nomads, for
nomadic way of life because it can be set up and taken down very quickly. Family
members put it onto the horse back or a truck and move to another camp site.
Student 4: Scientists studied the tuvan yurt and proved that it is ecologically the
cleanest and the safest dwelling. Nothing is thrown away, everything is reused
and recycled. Besides they discovered the fact that the tuvan yurt resembles the
Universe because it is round like the Universe, circle on top of the yurt is like the
sun, sticks are like the sunrays and latticed walls stars. The interior of the yurt is
also symbolic and suitable for harmonic relationship between members of the
family. A yurt is not only a material but also a cultural heritage of our ancestors.
Teacher: Really, a yurt looks like the Universe because it is a round construction
with a circle on its top and sticks look like the sunrays. It’s amazing! But how to
build a yurt? Let’s see.
Student 5: Tuvans are superstitious. Before setting up a yurt, a master and elder
members of the family define a place and do a special ritual. They purify the place
with the juniper, put a plate with sacred milk food. Only after that they can start
setting the yurt up.
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Teacher: OK, S will tell us about the costruction of the yurt, how to set it up, do
please.
Student 6: The construction of the yurt starts with a door. The door must face the
East where the Sun rises. Latticed walls are lashed together with strong leather
thongs and put in a form of a circle. Sticks are rested on top of the walls and their
sharpened ends are put into the small holes on a wooden circle”haraacha” on top
of the yurt. On the outside the yurt is covered with felt.Over the felt there must
be a tarpaulic cover to protect felt from rain and snow. It is very warm in winter
and cool in summer. It is well ventilated too. A tuvan yurt is light and easily
transportable, can be set up and taken down quickly. There are usually 5 to 6
walls in the yurt. Bigger yurts can have up to 8 walls.
There is no wooden floor in the yurt. There are usually felt carpets on the ground.
In the middle of the yurt there is traditionally a fire place where the family cooks.
It also heats and lightens the yurt.
A tuvan yurt is a symmetrical constuction because it has a form of a cone. A tuvan
yurt has no windows. Haraacha serves as a window. You can open it or close it.
You can see the sky and the stars through it at night.
Teacher: OK, now let’s see what is there inside the yurt. S7, please.
Student 7: A tuvan yurt is a one-room circle consrtuction. It doesn’t have any
partitions but it is divided into several parts. The right side from the door is
considered to be a female part, the left side is a male part, the room opposite the
door is for honoured guests, we can also say that it is a sitting-room and this part
near the door is for house holding objects. The interesting thing is that the tuvans
never locked the door in early times, they used to keep it open. There is not much
furniture in the yurt because of frequent movements but it is put in a certain
order.
Teacher: Let’s see what is there on the right side of the yurt. S8 will continue.
Student 8: On the right side there must be ulguur, a cupboard for keeping
kitchen utensils and food. So, you can see different national utensils in and
around the cupboard.They are mostly made of leather and wood.Their shape,
material and weight are suitable for frequent travellings. They are very practical.
For example, this is kogerzhik, a container for tuvan wine or milk. It is made of
leather. These bags are for salt and tea. They are also made of leather. You can
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see tuvan national ornaments on them. This is tos-karak, a nine-eyed spoon. It is
called tos-karak because there are nine holes on it. Nine is a sacred number for
the tuvans.A hostress takes it and offers milk or fresh tuvan tea to the spirit
master, to the sky, to the earth. This is a ladle. It is made of straw. It is for taking
off tea bits . This is a plate. It is also made of wood.
Тeacher: Any questions?
Student: What is that blue bag for?
Student 8: This bag is for tobaco. As you can see that the material of kitchen
utensils is natural.
Teacher: The tuvans use tos-karak quite often to purify places, home and also
people.
They use it for doing offerings. S9 will continue our excurtion.
Student 9: Next to the cupboard there must be a wooden bed for hosts. On the
bed you can see a pillow. It has an oblong shape and it is decorated with
ornaments in the national style. In early times a hostess used to keep her
children’s first cut hair and a naval in it. If a family has got a little baby there must
be a cradle above the bed. It is usually hung on one of the sticks. A mother can
hang it on her neck, like this. She can see her baby when they move from one
place to another.It is convenient for travelling. This is a blanket. Actually it is a
lamb skin. It keeps a baby warm. The interesting thing is that in early times they
put some dried cow dung because it could keep a baby dry and warm. This is a
toy.
Teacher: OK, that was the right side or we call the female part of the yurt. Now S
10 will tell us about the left side of the yurt, do please.
Student 10: The left part of the yurt is considered to be a male part. In early times
they used to keep different bags with winter coats and sheep skins which served
as blankets. Nowadays there is usually a bed here. The tuvans kept a new born
lamb near the door. Not far from the door the family keeps house holding objects,
a saddle, a harness, a whip and other things for horses and hunting. This is a horse
shoe. It symbolises happiness.
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Besides, in winter they kept new born lambs on the left side of the yurt. On the
wall near the door the tuvans hang some shamanic attributes. This is a dragon
and a snake. They suppose to keep bad spirits away from the family.
Teacher: Any questions?
Student: We can see a reindeer antler over there. Is it a decoration?
Student 10: Yes, it is a decoration but also a hanger. You can hang your coat and
your hat on it.
Student : Are these round pictures decorations?
Student 10: No, it is a calendar. You can see the animals of the oriental calendar
on them.
Teacher: S 11 will tell us about the place whrere the guests are sitting., do please.
Student 11: Straight opposite the door there is a place for a sitting-room. There
are always some chests by the walls. They are made of wood and decorated with
tuvan national ornaments of bright colours. The family keeps the most valuable
things in them. On the wall above the chests there is usually a picture of Buddha
or Dalai Lama. It is a small lamaist altar. When honoured guests come to the yurt
they sit in this part. According to the custom they are traditionally offered fresh
tuvan tea.
Teacher: OK, everything is interesting. It would be interesting to learn about a
tuvan national costume too. S 12 and S 13 will tell us about the tuvan national
costume.
Student 12
I would like to tell you about a tuvan national costume. Actually there are
different kinds of tuvan national costumes: an everyday costume, a festive
costume and a cult one. There are costumes for men, women and children. And
of course, there are coats for wearing in winter and summer. A tuvan national
costume is comfortable to wear and suitable for nomadic way of life. It is very
practical and functional as well. A tuvan national costume consists of an oriental
robe, a waistband, a head piece and boots. There is no fundamental difference
between men’s and women’s costume. A waistband of a men’s costume is blue
and women’s is red. Festive waistbands are silk. A waistband is usually very long,
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from 3 up to 4 metres long. It is functional as well because men can hang different
small things like a steel, a knife case with a knife in it. A smoking pipe is put into a
boot shin.
Accordingly, women can hang a small knife for cutting a sheep skin, keys from
chests, a silver chain and a needle case.
Student 13: Tuvan national winter coats are very warm as they are made of sheep
skin. In early times tuvans didn’t wear mittons because their sleeves were very
long and protected from the cold. The longer the sleeves, the more beautiful the
costume is. The buttons are made of silver decorated with national ornament
«олчей удазыны», a knot of happiness. Toes of the tuvan national boots are
turned up in order not to harm the ground and grass underneath your feet.
Teacher: Unfortunately our excursion is coming to an end. And we will finish it
with our traditioanl throat-singing. S 14, please.
Student 14: One of the unique arts of the tuvan people is throat-singing. There
are 5 different styles in the tuvan throat-singing: kargyraa, khoomei, sygyt,
borbangnadyr and ezengileer”. I will perform “khoomei and sygyt” styles for you.
This is doshpuluur, a tuvan national musical insrtument.
(Throat-singing)
T: Thank you. It’s amazing. Unfortunately our lesson is coming to an end.
III. Рефлексия.
T: Did you like the lesson?
Students: Yes, we did.
Teacher: Did you like Samna’s throat-singing?
Student: Yes, it’s amazing. It’s great.
Teacher: What have you learnt from our project?
Student 1: We have learnt a lot of interesting things about the tuvan yurt.
Student 2: We have learnt that a reindeer antler can be a hanger.
Student 3: A mother kept her caildren’s first cut hair and a naval in the pillow.
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Student 4: A door must face the East where the Sun rises.
Student 5: There is a small lamaist altar on the chests.
Student 6: The tuvan people define a place and rurify it with the juniper.
Student 7: The sleeves of the tuvan national costume is 3 to 4 metres long.
T: I have learnt that the tuvan yurt looks like the Universe, I didn’t know about it
before. I have also learnt that a reindeer antler can serve as a hanger. It’s all very
interesting.
IV. Конец урока.
OK, now look at the screen, please and write down your homework:
1.To write a composition “In the yurt”.
You have to write composition using the vocabulary of the topic and everything
you know about the tuvan yurt. Mind your grammar.
I put you all excellent marks. Thank you for your good work and collabobation.
The lesson is over. Good-bye!