The political system of the United States of America
"Americans are a nation born of an idea; not the place, but the idea,
created the United States Government."
(Theodore H. White)
a) Match the words in the column with the words from the box
Внести законопроект на рассмотрение
Внести поправку в законопроект
Отсылать, передавать законопроект
Баллотироваться в избирательном округе
Участвовать в избирательной кампании
voters; majority; to refer a bill; Making laws; Royal Assent; to collect signatures; to stand for election; to debate a bill; to introduce a bill; taxation; to reject a bill; to stand in the constituency; to amend a bill; to pass a bill
to reject a bill
to introduce a bill
to amend a bill
to refer a bill
to pass a bill
to stand in the constituency
to collect signatures
to stand for election
to debate a bill
b) Complete the table «The system of Government in Great Britain»
House of Lords
House of Lords
House of Lords
House of Commons
с) Complete the text «Parliament» with the words and expressions from the box, using them in the appropriate form.
Some people suppose that there are few women and members of the ethnic (a) _________________in Parliament. In 1979, Margaret Thatcher became the first woman Prime Minister, yet she never (b)____________a woman to her Cabinet, and until 1983 the (c)____________of women (d)_________to the House of Commons was under 5%. In the election in 1992, 59 women (e)_____________to the House of Commons. This total is still below the (f)_______________in other European countries.
Although the Conservatives choose few women as their candidates for the House of Commons' seats, women are very active in the affairs of the party as a whole. The Labourists have also tried to (g)____________to women voters by giving women (h)____________positions. In all parties, a higher (i)____________of women is elected to (j)______________than the House of Commons.
to appoint; prominent; local councils; minority; to elect (2);
proportion (3); to appeal.
Political system of the USA
"Americans are a nation born of an idea; not the place, but the idea, created the United
(Theodore H. White)
The USA is a federal republic consisting of 50 states. Each state has its own government. In some ways the USA is like 50 small countries.
The government of the USA acts according to the Constitution which was signed in 1787. According to the Constitution the USA is a republic and there is a federal system of government. So, the officials of any rank are elected by US citizens.
The federal power is located in Washington, D.C. It is based on legislative, executive and judicial branches of power.
The legislative power is vested in Congress, which consists of 2 houses: the Senate, which makes laws and the House of Representatives, which introduces legislation, established federal taxes. There are 435 members in the House of Representatives and 100 senators in Congress. Each state elects 2 senators. They are elected for 6 years. Representatives to Congress are elected every 2 years. The House has 435 members. They represent the population of "congressional districts" into which each state is divided. The number of Representatives from each state is based upon its population.For instance, California, the state with the largest population, has 45 Representatives, while Delaware has one.
The executive branch is headed by the President who is assisted by the Vice President. The President enforces federal laws, commanded of the Armed Forces. The President can veto a bill unless congress by a 2-3 vote shall overrule him. The Vice President acts as chairman of the Senate, and in the event of the death of the President, assumes the Presidency. The President of the USA is chosen in nation-wide elections every 4 years together with the Vice President. The President can’t to be elected more than twice. The national presidential election consists of 3 stages:
the Primaries, the Conventions and the General election.
The judicial branch is made up of Federal District Courts, 11 Federal Courts and the Supreme Court. Federal judges are appointed by the President for life. Federal Courts decide cases involving federal law, conflicts between citizens of different states and watches over the other 2 branches.
USA has 2 party system.
There are 2 leading parties: The Democrats (are associated with labor) and the Republicans (are associated with business and_industry).
Symbol of the Democrats is a donkey and the Symbol of the Republicans is an elephant.
Match the words in the column with the words from the box
the officials of any rank
to base on
to be vested in
to be headed by
to be made up
to be appointed by
to watch over
the legislative branch
the judicial branch
the executive branch
Служащие любого ранга;
Служащие любого ранга
Decide whether the following statements are true or false
The government of the USA acts according to the Constitution which was signed in 1778.
There are 100 members in the House of Representatives and 435 senators in the Senate
Congress consists of 2 houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
There are 2 leading parties: The Democrats and the Labors
The Vice President acts as chairman of the Senate, and in the event of the death of the President, assumes the Presidency.
The executive branch is headed by the President who is assisted by the Vice President.
a b c
d e f
Complete the table «Three branches of power in the USA»
Federal District Courts, Federal Courts and the Supreme Court.