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Презентация "The system of education in Great Britain"


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Презентація на тему The System of Education in Great Britain

Презентація на тему The System of Education in Great Britain

Підготувала студентка фізико-математичного факультету групи МІ-21

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План

  • Primary schools
    • The national curriculum for primary schools
  • Secondary Schools
  • Higher Education – Universities
  • Conclusion

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Primary schools

In England, children start school when they are 5 years old. Sometimes, children start just before their 5th birthday.

This is earlier than in Russia and indeed most other countries, where children start school when they are 6 or 7

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Primary schools

Primary schools in England are divided into two: infant schools for ages 5-7 and junior schools for ages 7 to 11.

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The national curriculum for primary schools

In Junior schools are required to teach: English, Mathematics, Science, Information Technology (Computers), Religious Education, Design and Technology, History, Geography, Art, Music and Physical Education.

In infant schools (ages 5-7), the main emphasis is on basic literacy and numeracy - learning to read and write and basic arithmetic.   

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Secondary Schools

At the age of 11 in England, children leave primary school and go to secondary school, and they are required to stay at school until they are 16. Most children go to comprehensive schools. These are schools for children of all abilities that aim to teach the full range of subjects. Comprehensive schools became the most common sort of secondary schools in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Secondary Schools

Some children go to grammar schools. These are schools for the academically more able children. Children have to pass a test to get into grammar schools. Grammar schools have a long history in England. Before the introduction of computers, children who failed the test to go to a grammar school went to separate secondary schools.

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Secondary Schools

     Most state secondary schools in England are now for boys and girls. Until the 1960s and 70s, there were separate schools for boys and girls. The separate schools were most common among grammar schools and church schools.

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Secondary Schools

The National Curriculum at Secondary schools includes: English, Mathematics, Science, Design and Technology, IT, History, Geography, Modern Foreign Languages, Art, Music and PE.

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Secondary Schools

Children are required to study a foreign language for only 3 years. The most popular are French, German and Spanish. Some schools offer other languages, but many teach only French and German. Most children do not study a foreign language for more than 3 years.

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Secondary Schools

At age of 16, pupils take examinations in most of these subjects. In England, the exams are called GCSEs (General Certificate of Secondary Education) At the age 16 pupils have a choice.     They can stay on at school to study for more exams, usually in academic subjects, to qualify for higher education, or they can leave and go to college to study for more exams or to get the skills and qualifications they need for work.

Some pupils start work at 16 and go to college part time to get their qualifications. Those who want to go on to Higher Education (universities) specialise in a narrower range of subjects at the age of 16.

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Higher Education - Universities

There are around 100 universities in Great Britain. Some are very old. Oxford and Cambridge were founded in the 12-th and 13-th centuries and are among the oldest universities in Europe. Higher education began to expand in the 19-th. The 3rd university to be founded in England was at Durham in 1832, and was followed by other new universities in major cities in the late 19-th and 20-th centuries. There were further waves of expansion in the 1960s and the 1990s in both England.

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Higher Education - Universities

Most universities in Great Britain teach a wide range of subjects - science and engineering, natural sciences, humanities and social sciences, law, accountancy, and some have medical schools.

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Higher Education - Universities

The first degree in England is called a Bachelor's degree (BA or BSс), and usually takes 3 years. Students usually study only one or two subjects in great detail for 3 years. English universities are unusual in Europe for offering such specialised degrees.

The reason is because to qualify for university, students have to show that they have passed exams in a broad range of subjects and so are prepare to specialise.

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Higher Education - Universities

Although universities get most of their funding from the state, higher education is not free. Last year in England the government introduced a new system. Fees have been increased to £3000 a year. British students do not pay fees each year, but after they have graduated and when their incomes reach a certain level, they start to pay a special tax to pay for their education.

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Conclusion

The government of England is committed to providing a high quality education at all levels from primary schools to universities, and recognise the importance of education.

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