name Diakovo from the village near Kolomenskoye, once in the suburbs of Moscow. As a result the real
age of Moscow can be given as about 25 hundred years rather than 8,5 centuries.
Teacher: Well, children, I’ll ask you questions later.
Now our next guide Masha is telling us about Red Square.
One of the most popular sights of Moscow is Red Square. It is the heart of the city. It is one of
the biggest and most beautiful squares of the world .It is 695 meters long, and has an average
width up to 130 meters, and an area to more than 70.000 square meters. In 1930 it was paved
with stone blocks. There are many interesting buildings here. Look at St’ Basil’s Cathedral. The
monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the Kremlin. Not far from the Cathedral there is a place
called Lobnoye Mesto, the place of execution, the platform of white stone more than 400 tears
old. The tsars/ edicts were proclaimed and public executions were carried out there. If you
want to learn more about Red Square, you can read this book. I think it’s very interesting.
(показывает книгу о Красной площади).
Teacher: Thank you, Masha. Now, lets listen to Pasha with his story about the Kremlin.
The history of Moscow Kremlin began in 1147. Dmitry Donskoy made walls of white stones.
The Kremlin has the territory about 28 hectars. The length of its walls is 2235 meters. The height
of the walls is from 5 to19, the width is 3,5-6,5 meters.The Kremlin has 20 towers. Its symbol is
the Saviour’s Tower ( Spasskaya Bashnya). It was built in 1491 and got its name from the icon
of the Saviour( Spass), that formally stood over the tower gate. This tower is 71 meters high. It is
notable for the clock which melodious chimes are well-known to all Russian people.
The tallest of the Kremlin towers is the Trinity Tower ( Troitskaya Bashnya)-80 m., connected
with the Kutafia Tower by a bridge. The oldest tower is Tainitskaya Tower (Secret). It was built
in 1485 and had a secret well and underground passage to the river.
Many visitors come every day through the gates of the Kremlin to enjoy its sights such as
The Dormition (Uspensky)Cathedral, Blagoveshensky Cathedral, the Granovitaya Palata, the
Great Kremlin Palace, the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the Tsar Kolokol(Tsar Bell) , the Tsar
Cannon, and many others.(показывается книжка-раскладушка о Кремле. –Read this book and
you’ll learn about the history of all towers).
И далее учащиеся рассказывают о других достопримечательностях.
In 1555-1561 St.Basil’s Cathedral , a unique creation of Russian national art, was built in the
square. It wae erected in the order of Ivan the Terrible(IV) to commemorate the annexation of
the Kazan and Astrakhan khanates to Russia. It is the masterpiece of Russia architecture. The
names of the builders, Russian masters Postnik and Barma had been forgotten for over 3
centuries, and only in 1896 their names were discovered in some old manuscripts. In 1588 a
small chapel was built next to the Cathedral over the grave of Vassily, a God’s fool well-known
at that time. Ever since the Cathedral of the Intercession has been known as the Church of
Vassily the Blessed, or St. Basil’s Cathedral.
The Historical Museum.
The building of the Historical museum looks like an ancient Russian house (terem). It is the
largest national museum in Russia. The building was constructed in1881
There are 39 halls in the museum telling us much interesting information of Russian history.
Almost 4.5million things tell us about Russian history from ancient times till our days.