Subject: "Garbage in our streets - garbage in our hearts"


ΙΙ Scientific-practical conference "Youth, Science, Interest"
MAOY Gymnasium №16 «Interest»
Subject: "Garbage in our streets - garbage in our hearts"
pupils: Potanin I., A. Savenko.,Zavidov E., 5 "g"
the teacher of english: Yurkevichene Anna Sergeevna.,
t.Lyubertsy
2015
Contents:
Ι. Introduction
ΙΙ.The main part.
ΙΙ.1 Facts and Figures
ΙΙ.2 Disposal Methods
ΙΙ.3 Economic efficiency of municipal solid waste in Europe
ΙΙΙ. Conclusions.
ΙV. Instruction "The rules of the environmental behavior"
V. Applications
I. Introduction
Actuality:
One of the problems faced by each of us - it's rubbish. Abandoned on the
streets of cigarette butts, wrappers, cans and bottles, waste containers
around the crowded, dumps, unfortunately, become an integral part of
our environment. Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the most
important environmental pollution. Only plastic trash, according to
scientists, will be destroyed 2000 years. One person "produces" a year
around 300 kg of municipal waste (paper, glass, plastic, cloth, etc.).
We are very concerned about this topic, and we decided to study the
issue as an example of our native land and to compare the situation in
European countries.
In its work, we tried to sort out this problem.
Aim: To analyze the issues of recycling and sorting of household
waste in Russia and Europe. Conduct research economic factors
solid waste processing. Suggest ways of waste recycling in Russia.
Objectives:
• Analyze the environmental problem.
• Explore methods of recycling and disposal of solid waste.
• Assess the cost-effectiveness of processing methods on the example of
European countries.
• To draw attention to the problem and propose solutions.
The main part.
II.1 Facts and Figures
II.1.1 Today, according to the state corporation "Russian Technologies",
which is the largest market participant from waste in the country, on the
territory of Russia has accumulated more than 31 billion tons of waste
Nonrecycled. And their number is increasing annually by more than 60
million tons.
Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia, it has been estimated that every
Russian accounting for 400 kilograms of waste per year. Well, the
average Russian family, consisting of four, throws for a year about
150 kilograms of various kinds of plastic, about 100 pounds of
paper, and about 1,000 of glass bottles.
However, the root of the garbage problem in Russia, particularly in the
Moscow region, is not a constant increase in the volume of solid waste,
but rather the inability to properly dispose of these wastes. Data
available from the company "Russian Technologies" suggest that at least
40% of the total accumulated waste in the country is a valuable
secondary raw materials. However, the processing goes only about 7-8%
of household waste, and the rest of the garbage is transported to a
landfill (see chart in Appendix A).
II.1.2 Lyubertsy incinerators and landfills.
Our neighborhood "Red Hill" is surrounded by several environmentally
adverse factors:
- Serious gassed from MKAD
highway and Novoryazanskoye
highway;
- The presence of two incinerators;
- The proximity of the refinery Kapotnya;
- The presence of nearby Lyuberetskiy irrigated fields - places where
decades merged all Moscow drainage (with residential areas and
industrial zones of Moscow).
Incinerator number 4 - factory in the industrial zone
"Rudnyo
vo."
It is the largest plant in the Moscow region. On an average
day there are burned about 700 tons of solid waste. Of
course, the factory installed "magnets" and they caught
about 6 tons of iron per day. However, a relatively innocuous waste of
the lion's share is converted to dangerous toxins and poisons which are
in the form of oxides people get into the lungs.
Incinerator "Ecology".
This plant is designed to burn the bodies of the sick animals that are sick
dangerous diseases (FMD, Rabies). In addition, here are trying to
neutralize and other dangerous substances -
laboratory, industrial and domestic.
The table in Appendix B shows the economic
component of incinerators. Analyzing the table,
one can conclude that the incineration is
economically disadvantageous.
In Moscow lives less than 5% of the population of Russia, and waste
produced 20% of the All-Russian trash heap.
The total amount of waste being instilled in the Moscow regions- 10
million tons. And if half of industrial waste recycled, the household
garbage moved less than 1%.
Every resident of the Moscow region emits twice as much garbage than
the average Russian. Therefore, in the suburbs 41 official landfills, and
informal - a few thousand.