Презентация "The Adjective"


Подписи к слайдам:
The Adjective

The Adjective

Односложные ИП:-y, -er, -ow, -ble

  • Положительная
  • степень
  • Сравнительная степень
  • Превосходная степень
  • []:
  • long
  • []+er:
  • longer
  • (the)[]+est:
  • (the)longest

Особые случаи:

  • sad-sadder-the saddest (закрытый ударный слог)
  • -е; fine-finer-the finest
  • -y; easy-easier-the easiest

Двусложные и многосложные ИП

  • []:
  • beautiful
  • more[]:
  • More beautiful
  • (the)most[]:
  • (The)most
  • beautiful

Исключения:

  • good
  • better
  • (the)best
  • bad
  • worse
  • (the)worst
  • little
  • less
  • (the)least
  • many/much
  • more
  • (the)most

far, old, late:

  • far
  • farther
  • further
  • (the)farthest(в основном о расстояниях)
  • (the)furthest(дальнейший, добавочный)
  • old
  • older
  • elder
  • (the)oldest (общее значение)
  • (the)eldest ( о членах семьи)
  • late
  • later(более поздний)
  • latter(недавний)
  • (the)latest-свежайший
  • (the)last-последний

Обороты с прилагателными:

  • As…as(в утвердительных предложениях)/so…as(в отрицательных предложениях)
  • I am as old as my friend. English isn’t so difficult as Japanese.
  • as good as-практически, так же верно, как и…
  • as well as-в добавок, так же
  • More…than…/less…than…(более/менее)
  • She is more beautiful than I expected.
  • The more the better-чем больше, тем лучше
  • The more haste the less speed.(Чем больше спешишь, тем ниже скорость). The more the merrier (В тесноте да не в обиде)

Типичные суффиксы прилагательных

  • -able/-ible
  • fashionable, possible
  • -al
  • verbal, moral, sentimental, criminal, illegal
  • -an(ian)
  • Russian, Mexican, Incan
  • -ant/-ent
  • different, frequent, pleasant, redundant
  • -ary/-ory
  • contemporary, preliminary, secondary, satisfactory
  • -ate
  • passionate, approximate, appropriate
  • -ed
  • aged, gifted, talented
  • -ese
  • Chinese, Burmese
  • -esque
  • picturesque
  • -ful
  • thankful, harmful
  • -ic
  • poetic, cubic
  • -ing
  • moving, disturbing
  • -ish
  • English
  • -ive
  • active
  • -less
  • harmless, useless
  • -ly
  • cowardly, motherly
  • -ous
  • industrious, generous
  • -ward
  • westward
  • -y
  • healthy, easy

1. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирным шрифтом напротив номеров Q1-Q10 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию.

  • Q1
  • Once upon a time there lived a___girl, and she
  • little
  • Q2
  • was ___girl ever seen. She always helped her parents
  • pretty
  • Q3
  • ___than any other child in that village. But once her
  • much
  • Q4
  • __brother went away, and she went to look for him.
  • old
  • Q5
  • When she left,___ of the village said she would never
  • learned
  • Q6
  • return. At first her parents didn’t believe it but__
  • late
  • Q7
  • they changed their mind. Many__ years had passed. One morning two people came to the village, a man and a
  • sad
  • Q8
  • woman, __than any woman in the world. It was that
  • beautiful
  • Q9
  • girl and her brother. On their way home which was___than they had expected they became the king and the queen
  • long
  • Q
  • 10
  • of___land which was known at that time.
  • far

2. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные жирным шрифтом напротив номеров Q11-Q20 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.

  • Q11
  • The weather was__, and the travellers went on and on.
  • favour
  • Q12
  • The__forest didn’t seem at all dangerous or gloomy.
  • picture
  • Q13
  • Suddenly an__beast jumped on the path in front of
  • norm
  • Q14
  • them and with a___ roar showed them sharp and
  • devil
  • Q15
  • __teeth. The long yellow tail hit and broke a young tree.
  • terror
  • Q16
  • With a horrible,__sound the huge jaws closed. The
  • deaden
  • Q17
  • travellers felt that was__ moment in their lives. But
  • late
  • Q18
  • the little__ dog they had with them at once jumped to the
  • play
  • Q19
  • __creature and barked fiercely. Hearing the barking
  • puzzle
  • Q20
  • this gigantic but__ animal ran back into the thicket.
  • coward

3. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски, обозначенные Q21-Q30, выбрав номер ответа, который вам представляется наиболее верным.

  • There lived a wise and__Q21 magician who could do different magical transformations. Once he made a piece of meat he was to have for supper much__Q22 so he treated all animals he kept. He also could make himself__Q23 large as a wheat grain and hide in the grass. He had a__24 magic book which was so__Q25 that he could carry it with him everywhere. But the__Q26 thing about it was that the book could easily get lost. Then the magician had to look for it everywhere in his__Q27castle. The__Q28was full of secret places and__Q29rooms so the seeking was much trouble. That’s why he called himself ”the __magician”.
  • Q21 learn(1) learnt(2) learning(3) learned(4)
  • Q22 big bigger biggest the biggest
  • Q23 as so not as not so
  • Q24 little small young minor
  • Q25 simple easy light trouble-free
  • Q26 evil poor bad unhealthy
  • Q27 baggy bulky life-size large
  • Q28 latest last later latter
  • Q29 spacious airy roomy open
  • Q30 forgetful dreamy lose finding

Ключи:

  • Q1
  • little
  • Q21
  • 4
  • Q2
  • the prettiest
  • Q22
  • 2
  • Q3
  • more
  • Q23
  • 1
  • Q4
  • elder
  • Q24
  • 2
  • Q5
  • the learned
  • Q25
  • 3
  • Q6
  • later
  • Q26
  • 3
  • Q7
  • sad
  • Q27
  • 4
  • Q8
  • more beautiful
  • Q28
  • 4
  • Q9
  • longer
  • Q29
  • 1
  • Q10
  • the farthest
  • Q30
  • 1
  • Q11
  • favourable
  • Q12
  • picturesque
  • Q13
  • enormous
  • Q14
  • devilish
  • Q15
  • terrible
  • Q16
  • deadening
  • Q17
  • the last
  • Q18
  • playful
  • Q19
  • pussled
  • Q20
  • cowardly

Литература:

  • Северинова Е.Ю. ЕГЭ. Английский язык. Теоретические материалы. Тригон, 2008.