T: Do you know Australia is a continent or
T: You are right.
(На доске выписаны географические
Australia is considered to be the smallest of
seven continents and the sixth biggest state.
Australia is situated among the South Pacif-
ic Ocean and the Indian Ocean. It is made
up of two islands.
Australia is extremely close to other island
nations. To the north are: Papa New Guinea,
Indonesia and part of Malaysia. Additional
to the north are the Philippines and Asian
mainland. Australian land mass of nearly
7.7 million km² makes it the sixth largest
country in area after Russia, Canada, China,
the United States and Brazil.
The continent of Australia, with the
island state of Tasmania, is approximately
equal in area to the United States (excluding
Alaska and Hawaii).
Australia has a coastline of 36,735km
- if it were possible to drive non-stop along
the entire coast at 60 km/h it would take
about 24 days to complete the trip.
Southeast of Australia is New Zea-
land. Like Australia, it was once a British
settlement. To the south is the frozen conti-
nent of Antarctica.
Looking at the map you can see that Aus-
tralia is the flattest and (after Antarctica) the
driest of continents, yet it has extremes of
climate and topography. Huge areas of land
are so dry that they are uninhabited. There
are rainforests and vast plains in the north,
snowfields in the south east, desert in the
centre and fertile croplands in the east,