Конспект урока "American Wars of the 19-th Century" 6 класс скачать


Конспект урока "American Wars of the 19-th Century" 6 класс

LESSON 7
American Wars of the 19-th Century
ASSIGNMENT 1. Read the following words and word combinations, using
transcriptions:
Indian
['ɪndɪən]
The Philippine
Revolution
['fɪlɪpiːn
ˌrev(ə)'luːʃ(ə)n]
government
['gʌv(ə)nmənt]
Spanish-American
War
['spænɪʃ ə'merɪkən
wɔː]
European
[ˌjuərə'piːən ],
[ˌjɔːr-]
Cuba
['kjuːbə]
Indigenous
[ɪn'dɪʤɪnəs]
the Caribbean
[ðə kærə'biːən]
Manifest Destiny
['mænɪfest 'destɪnɪ]
the Pacific
[ðə pə'sɪfɪk]
Mexican
['meksɪk(ə)n]
Treaty
['triːtɪ]
Annexation
[ˌænek'seɪʃ(ə)n]
Puerto Rico
[ˌpwɜːtə'riːkəu]
casualty
['kæʒjuəltɪ]
Guam
[gwɑːm]
ASSIGNMENT 2. Learn the following words and word combinations:
settlers
серия, череда
seek (sought, sought)
искать, разыскивать
indigenous
аборигенный, местный, туземный
voluntary exchange
добровольный, бесплатный обмен
through treaties
на основе договоров, договоренностей
to occur
случаться
military dispute
военный спор
to comprise
включать в себя
a significant portion
значительная часть
to acknowledge
признавать
due to
Из-за
increasing
увеличение
wounded
раненый
aftermath
последствия
possessions
владение, обладание
to negotiate
вести переговоры
authority
власть, администрация
ASSIGNMENT 3. Read the text and answer the questions.
The American way of war tends to shy away from thinking about the complicated
process of turning military triumphs, whether on the scale of major campaigns or small-
unit actions, into strategic successes. By no means unique to Americansin which
military professionals concentrate on winning battles and campaigns, while
policymakers focus on the diplomatic struggles that precede and influence the actual
fighting. The American style of warfare amounts to a way of battle more than a way of
war.
The Indian Wars 1835-1842 American Indian Wars is the name used in the United
States to describe a series of conflicts between American or the federal government and
the native peoples of North America before and after the American Revolutionary War.
The wars resulted from the arrival of European colonizers who continuously sought to
expand their territory, pushing the indigenous populations westwards. The wars were
spurred by ideologies such as Manifest Destiny, which held that the United States was
destined to expand from coast to coast on the American continent, and which resulted in
the policy of Indian removal, by which indigenous peoples were removed from the areas
where Europeans were settling, either forcefully or by means of voluntary exchange of
territory through treaties.
Mexican War 1846-1848. A conflict that occurred as the result of Mexican resentment
over the US annexation of Texas and a border dispute, the Mexican-American War
represents the only major military dispute between Mexico was forced to cede its
northern and western provinces the two nations. The war was fought primarily in
northeastern and central Mexico and resulted in a decisive American victory. As a result
of the war , which today comprise a significant portion of the western United States.
The causes of the Mexican-American War can be traced back to Texas winning its
independence from Mexico in 1836. After the end of the war, Mexico was forced to cede
its northern and western provinces but was prevented from taking military action due to
the United States, Great Britain, and France conferring diplomatic recognition. For the
next nine years, many in Texas favored joining the United States, however Washington
did not take action due to fears of increasing sectional conflict and angering the
Mexicans. During the war 1,773 Americans were killed in action and 4,152 were
wounded. Mexican casualty reports are incomplete, but it estimated that approximately
25,000 were killed or wounded between 1846-1848. Aftermath of the Mexican-American
War
Spanish-American War 1898. The SpanishAmerican War was a conflict in 1898
between Spain and the United States, effectively the result of American intervention in
the ongoing Cuban War of Independence. American attacks on Spain's Pacific
possessions led to involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately to the
PhilippineAmerican War. Although the main issue was Cuban independence, the ten-
week war was fought in both the Caribbean and the Pacific. The result was the 1898
Treaty of Paris, negotiated on terms favorable to the U.S., which allowed temporary
American control of Cuba and, following their purchase from Spain, indefinite colonial
authority over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
Answer the questions:
1. What is the American way of warfare?
2. When did the Indian Wars take palace?
3. What was the cause of the war?
4. What were the results of the war?
5. When did the Mexican War take palace?
6. What was the cause of the war?
7. What were the results of the war?
8. When did the Spanish War take palace?
9. What was the cause of the war?
10. What were the results of the war?
11. How can these conflicts be defined?
Assignment 4. Match the words and word combinations in column 1 to their
definitions from column 2:
a settler
seek (sought, sought)
indigenous
voluntary exchange
through treaties
to occur
to comprise
a significant portion
to acknowledge
due to
wounded
possessions
to negotiate
authority
Assignment 5. Watch the video and answer the question:
What is unique in Indian culture?
http://www.history.com/topics/american-indian-wars/videos (3 min)
Assignment 6. Role play.
Divide into three groups and speak on the following topics;
1. It is essential for humanity that each nation to preserve its national identity?
2. Explain the phenomenon: Indians used to be friendly and supportive when “May
Flower” pilgrims settled in America. Why were they hostile and violent later on
in the 18-19
th
centuries?
3. Speak on the way of American warfare illustrate with examples the wars covered
in the lesson.
Home assignment
Open the exchange folder in the local net and copy the task from the folder “English”.
Fill in the missing information using the study materials and the Internet resources then
put it back into the folder under teacher’s name.
Date
Causes
of the
war
The results
of the war
Notable Figures
Casualties
American
Enemies’
American
Enemies’
The Indian
Wars
1835
-1842
1,773
Americans
were killed
4,152 were
wounded
approximately
25,000 were
killed or
wounded
Mexican War
General
Zachary
Taylor
General
Winfield
Scott
General
Stephen W.
Kearny
General &
President
Jose Lopez
de Santa
Anna
War of
Independence
1. British
increased
interest in
their
colonies.3.
a different
concept of
the
purpose of
the
colonies4.
restriction
of Ameri-
can tra-de
and Indus-
try 5.
Inrodu-
ction
direct
taxation
6. an
attempt to
limit
further
expansion
by the
colonies
Civil War
1.End of
slavery in the
United States
2.Railroads,
telegraph,
steamships,and
mass-produced
weapons were
employed
extensively. 2.
role of the
federal
government
was
strengthened
Spanish-
American
War
1898