Конспект урока "The American Civil War (1861–1865)" 6 класс скачать


Конспект урока "The American Civil War (1861–1865)" 6 класс

LESSON 6
The American Civil War (18611865)
Assignment 1. Read the following words and word combinations, using
transcriptions:
William Tecumseh
Sherman
['wɪljəm ti'kəmsə
'shərmən]
Peninsular Campaign
[pə'nɪn(t)sjələ]
kæm'peɪn]
the Mississippi
ə mɪsɪ'sɪpɪ]
James Buchanan
[ʤeɪmz
byo
͞
o'kanən]]
Battle of Gettysburg
ə 'bætl əv
'getɪzbɜːg]
South Carolina
[souθ ˌkarə'līnə]]
Battle of Antietam
ə 'bætl əv
an'tētəm]]
Emancipation
Proclamation
[ɪˌmæn(t)sɪ'peɪʃ(ə)n
ˌprɔklə'meɪʃ(ə)n]
Lincoln
['lɪŋkən]
George Meade
[ʤɔːʤ mēd]
secession
[sɪ'seʃ(ə)n
Virginia
[və'ʤɪnɪə]
Richmond
['rɪʧmənd]
Siege of Vicksburg
[siːʤ əv 'viksˌrg]
Atlanta
[ət'læntə]
Maryland
['mɛərɪlænd]
Battle of Shiloh
ə 'bætl əv 'shīlō]
Amendment
[ə'men(d)mənt]
Appomattox
[ˌapə'matəks]
Robert E. Lee
['rɔbət liː]
Assignment 2. Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word
combinations:
1.
secession
выход (из союза, федерации)
2.
Emancipation Proclamation
Прокламация об освобождении
3.
warfare
война; приёмы ведения войны
4.
to surrender
сдаваться
5.
casualties
жертвы
6.
beyond
вдали; на расстоянии
7.
to denounce
осуждать
8.
avowal of treason
Признание измены
9.
legality of secession
Законность от отсоединения
10.
considering it rebellion
Считая это восстанием
11.
hostility
враждебность
12.
to seize
Захватить
13.
notably
исключительно, особенно
14.
naval blockade
Морская блокада
15.
battles of attrition
Сокрушительная битва
16.
Court House
Суд
17.
Overland Campaign
Сухопутная кампания
18.
first usable predecessor of
Первый подходящий предшественник
19.
trench warfare
окоп
20.
Thirteenth Amendment
Тринадцатая поправка
21.
racial issues
Раcсовые вопросы
22.
considerable
Значительный
23.
Reconstruction Era
Эпоха Реконструкции
24.
Siege
осада
25.
installation
водворение, установление
26.
To diminish
убывать, уменьшаться
Assignment 3. Read the text, be ready to answer questions:
The American Civil War (18611865) was fought over the secession of the
Confederate States Eleven southern slave states declared their secession from the
United States and formed the Confederate States of America ("the Confederacy");
the other 25 states supported the federal government ("the Union"). After four years
of warfare, mostly within the Southern states, the Confederacy surrendered and
slavery was abolished everywhere in the nation. Issues that led to war were partially
resolved in the Reconstruction Era that followed, though others remained
unresolved.
The causes of the Civil War were complex. Slavery was the central source of
escalating political tension in the 1850s. The Republican Party was determined to
prevent any spread of slavery, and many Southern leaders had threatened secession
if the Republican candidate, Lincoln, won the 1860 election. Following Lincoln's
victory, many Southern whites felt that disunion had become their only option.
To Northerners, in contrast, the motivation was primarily to preserve the Union, not
to abolish slavery. Abraham Lincoln consistently made preserving the Union the
central goal of the war.
In 1860 the Republican Party, led by Abraham Lincoln, won the presidential
election and acted against expanding slavery. On March 4, 1861, seven cotton
states declared their secession and joined to form the Confederate States of America.
The legality of secession was rejected, the government thought it rebellion. The
other eight slave states rejected calls for secession at this point. No foreign
governments recognized the Confederacy.
Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces fired on a U.S.
military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Lincoln called for a volunteer
army from each state. Both sides raised armies as the Union seized control of the
border states early in the war and established a naval blockade. In September 1862,
the Confederate campaign in Maryland ended in defeat at the Battle of Antietam.
Days after that battle, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made
ending slavery a war goal.
In 1863, Confederate general Robert E. Lee's northward advance ended in defeat at
the Battle of Gettysburg. To the west, the Union gained control of the Mississippi
River after the Battle of Shiloh and Siege of Vicksburg, splitting the Confederacy in
two and destroying much of their western army. Meanwhile, Atlanta was captured
and the Northerns marched to the sea, destroying Confederate infrastructure along
the way. In 1865 while the Confederate army was defending Petersburg it was
defeated. General Lee was surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the
telegraph, steamships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively.
Victory for the North meant the end of slavery in the United States, and
strengthened the role of the federal government. The social, political, economic and
racial issues of the war decisively shaped the reconstruction era that lasted to 1877.
The war remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of an
estimated 750,000 soldiers and an undetermined number of civilian casualties. The
war destroyed much of the wealth that had existed in the South. Southern influence
in the US federal government, previously considerable, was greatly diminished until
the second half of the 20th century.
Answer the questions:
1. What was the American Civil War (18611865) fought over?
2. What was the main result after four years of warfare?
3. What were the causes of the Civil War?
4. Why did many Southern whites feel that their only option had become
disunion?
5. What was the prime motivation to the Northerners?
6. When did the Republican Party, led by Abraham Lincoln, won the
presidential election and what did they do?
7. How Many states rejected calls for secession of the other eight slave states?
8. Did any foreign governments recognize the Confederacy?
9. When and how did the hostilities begin?
10. How did the Confederate campaign in Maryland end in September 1862?
11. What was the result of the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863?
12. What happened to General Lee in 1865 while the Confederate army was
defending Petersburg?
13. The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars, was not
it? Why?
14. What were other results of the war?
ASSIGNMENT 4. Give synonyms from the active vocabulary to the underlined
words.
1. The American Civil War (18611865) was fought over the getting out
of the Confederate States Eleven southern slave states declared their
separating from the United States and formed the Confederate States of
America.
2. After four years of fighting , mostly within the Southern states, the
Confederacy gave up and slavery was announced illegal everywhere in
the nation.
3. Problems that led to war were partially resolved in the Reconstruction
Era that followed, though others remained unresolved.
4. The social, political, economic and quarrels among nations of the war
decisively shaped the reconstruction era that lasted to 1877.
5. Southern influence in the US federal government previously important
was greatly reduced until the second half of the 20th century.
6. The war remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the
deaths of an estimated 750,000 soldiers and an undetermined number of
civilian dead.
ASSIGNMENT 5. Watch the video and answer the questions.
http://www.youtube.com/watch
Causes of the American Civil War - The Crisis Deepens” 04.25
1. Who of the presidents supported slavery?
2. When the Confederacy Army was raised?
3. When did the delegation of Southern States appeal to the Congress?
4. Where did the war begin?
5. What was the key difference in Lincoln’s and Buchanan’s positions?
6. Put down any of Lincoln’s quotations about slavery?
Assignment 6. Discuss in groups:
1. There were more than one reason for the Civil War.
2. Both sides raised armies as the Union seized control of the Border States
early in the war and established a naval blockade.
3. The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars.
Assignment 7. Pop-quiz question!
1. A war between two sides in the same country is _______________.
2. Confederate States ________ southern slave states declared their secession
from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ("the
Confederacy").
10
8
11
5
3. The other _____ states supported the federal government ("the Union").
18
25
7
11
4. Issues that led to war were partially resolved in _________that followed,
though others remained unresolved.
the Reconstruction Era
the Mesozoic Era
the Christian Era
Era of Technology
5. The Republican Party was determined to prevent any spread of ________.
smuggling
crimes
Inflectional diseases
slavery
6. The Republican Party, led by Abraham Lincoln, won the presidential election and
acted against expanding slavery in ________.
1859
1860
1861
1862
7.Victory for the North meant the end of _________ in the United States
slavery
minor crimes
kidnapping
killing animals for food
Optional task: online quiz http://www.neok12.com/American-Civil-War.htm
Home assignment
Option 1.
The Territorial Crisis and the United States Constitution
Between 1803 and 1854, a vast expansion of US territory was achieved through
purchase, negotiation and conquest. Of the states carved out of these territories by
1845, all had entered the union as slave states: Louisiana, Missouri, Arkansas,
Florida and Texas, as well as the southern portions of Alabama and Mississippi.
And with the conquest of northern Mexico, including California, in 1848,
slaveholding interests looked forward to the institution flourishing in these lands as
well. Southerners also anticipated garnering slaves and slave states in Cuba and
Central America. Northern free soil interests vigorously sought to curtail any further
expansion of slave soil. It was these territorial disputes that the proslavery and
antislavery forces collided over.
Write an essay of 10-15 sentences criticizing slavery. Why it must be strictly
punished?
Option 2.
Write an essay on the fallowing topic “How could it happen that the war
remains the deadliest war in American history”.
Option 3.
Write an essay on the fallowing topic “Could you understand those American
whites and Afro-Americans who supported and gave their lives for slavery?”