Презентация "Города России. Золотое кольцо России. Russian Cities. Golden Ring of Russia"


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ГБОУ СПО МК №6 ДЗМ

ГБОУ СПО МК №6 ДЗМ

Тема: «Города России. Золотое кольцо России.Russian Cities.Golden Ring of Russia»

Выполнил: преподаватель английского языка

Пчёлина Л.Г.

2014

Why this presentation is useful for you

  • 1.You will learn the new material on the theme:Russian Cities»
  • 2. You will be able to use the new material by practice.

PHONETIC DRILL

Read the following proverbs and sayings correctly and quickly :

  • Rome wasn’t built in a day. Не сразу Москва строилась.
  • All roads lead to Rome. Все дороги ведут в Рим.
  • East or West Home is Best. В гостях хорошо, а дома лучше.
  • To know everything is to know nothing. Знать все – значит ничего не знать.

Poem ”The Golden ring of Russia”

Over the Thames sailing fogs, Over Europe are hovering clouds, And somewhere noise oceans, Waterfalls break away from the side of the cliff. But what to overseas rarities Oh! Known Russian gave? Chimes of the saints of the towers Me in the street called. I could listen to them forever, Nothing else to ask. The Lord I put on soul The Golden ring of Russia.

  • Над Темзой плывут туманы, Над Европой нависли тучи, А где-то шумят океаны,  Водопады срываются с кручи.
  • Но что до заморских диковин, Коль не познаны русские дали? Перезвоны святых колоколен Меня в дорогу позвали.
  • Я могла бы их вечно слушать,  Ни о чём другом не просить. Сам господь мне надел на душу Золотое кольцо Руси.

.

Golden Ring

  • The Golden Ring is one of Russia’s most famous tourist routes. It includes some very special towns that lie to the northeast of Moscow. Each town has its own special charm and history.
  • Golden Ring - Золотое Кольцо
  • Route – маршрут

PLAN

  • SERGIEV POSAD
  • PERESLAVL-ZALESSKY
  • ROSTOV THE GREAT
  • YAROSLAVL
  • KOSTROMA
  • Ivanovo
  • Suzdal
  • Vladimir

SERGIEV POSAD

  • At the entrance to Sergiev Posad from the top of the hill there is a breath-taking view of the Trinity Monastery of St Sergius. It is the historical centre of Sergiev Posad. It was founded in the middle of the 14th century by Sergius of Radonezh. Since 1744 the Trinity Monastery of St Sergius is a laura. The word “laura” translated from the Greek means “a most important monastery”.
  • The unusually high bell-tower dominates the whole ensemble. The mass of churches and other buildings creates a joyous, uplifting sensation, particularly on sunny days, and recalls pictures of gingerbread towns on old woodcuts. This is one of Russia’s most important and highlyrevered monasteries, which still retains its greatness and renown. Here lie the relics of Sergius of Radonezh, that bring thousands of pilgrimshere each year to do homage.
  • In the Soviet period Sergiev Posad was renamed Zagorsk in honour of the revolutionary Zagorsky, but in 1991 it got its old name back.
  • The population of Sergiev Posad is about 113 000 inhabitants.

Flag of Sergiev Posad

Coat of Sergiev Posad

Trinity-Sergius Lavra

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

Sergiev Posad

Сергиев Посад

entrance

вход, въезд

breath-taking

захватывающий

view

вид

trinity

Троица

monastery

монастырь

laura

лавра

bell-tower

колокольня

church

церковь

joyous

приятный

uplifting

возвышенный

sensation

ощущение, чувство

particularly

особенно

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

recall

напоминать

gingerbread

пряничный

woodcut

гравюра на дереве

revered

почитаемый

retain

сохранять

renown

слава, известность

relics

мощи

pilgrim

паломник

do homage

свидетельствовать почтение

Zagorsk

Загорск

Questions

  • When was Sergiev Posad founded?
  • Who was the city founded by?
  • What is the historical centre of Sergiev Posad?
  • What is Sergiev Posad famous for?
  • What is the population of Sergiev Posad?
  • When was Sergiev Posad renamed Zagorsk?

PERESLAVL-ZALESSKY

  • Pereslavl-Zalessky was founded in 1152 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky on the banks of the deep River Trubezh that flows into Lake Pleshcheyevo.
  • The population of this town is about 45 000 inhabitants.
  • One of the finest pages in the history of Pereslavl-Zalessky is connected with Peter the Great. On the banks of Lake Pleshcheyevo Peter the Greatset about building the first Russian flotilla “for fun”, which marked the beginning of the Russian fleet.
  • Lake Pleshcheyevo is 9,5 km long and 6,7 km wide with a maximum depth of about 30 metres. It is one of the largest lakes in Central Russia. The lake that rocked the first ships of Russia’s sea fleet deserves to be called a sea. What is more the lake really does have the so-called Pereslavl herring, which is actually not herring at all, but a unique sort of whitefish (among other sorts) from the salmon family that specialistsregard as a sea relict and still argue about how it could appear in a closed freshwater lake. Then this fish was called the ryapushka. Atender delicacy, it satisfied the most demanding palate and was always on the menu of the tsars and patriarchs during fasting.
  • There are four monasteries in Pereslavl-Zalessky. One of them is theGoritsky Monastery. It was founded in 15th century. The monastery got its name from its location on high ground by the edge of a slope.

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

Pereslavl-Zalessky

Переславль-Залесский

prince

князь

River Trubezh

река Трубеж

Lake Pleshcheyevo

озеро Плещеево

set about

распространять

flotilla

флотилия

“for fun”

потешный

mark

ознаменовывать

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

deserve

заслуживать

herring

сельдь

unique

уникальный

salmon

лосось

regard

считать

argue

доказывать, спорить

ryapushka

ряпушка

tender

нежный

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

delicacy

деликатес

satisfy

доставлять удовольствие, радовать

demanding

требовательный

palate

вкус

tsar

царь

patriarch

патриарх

fasting

пост

Goritsky Monastery

Горицкий монастырь

edge

край

slope

косогор

Questions

  • When was Pereslavl-Zalessky founded?
  • Who was the city founded by?
  • Where is Pereslavl-Zalessky situated?
  • What do you know about Lake Pleshcheyevo?
  • What is Pereslavl-Zalessky famous for in the way of architecture?
  • What is the population of Sergiev Posad?

Pereslavl-Zalessky

Flag of Pereslavl-Zalessky

Coat of Pereslavl-Zalessky

ROSTOV THE GREAT

  • Rostov the Great was founded in 862. It is situated on the bank of Lake Nero. The population is about 37 000 inhabitants.
  • The name of Lake Nero means “silty, marshy” in Finnish. Lake Nero is more than 50 sq.km in area and 13 km long.
  • The historical centre of Rostov the Great is the Rostov Kremlin. It was built in late 17th century. The splendid ensemble of the kremlin dominates the surroundings creating a very special festive atmosphere. Everything here speaks of bygone days, remote pages of Russian history.
  • Besides, there are two monasteries in Rostov the Great – the Saviour Monastery of St Jacob and the Abraham Monastery. They were built in 14th and in 11-12th centuries respectively.
  • Yet Rostov the Great is famous for the Rostov enamels. In the 18thcentury Rostov became a centre for producing enamel insets andindividual articles. The insets were used mainly to decorate church plate. The enameled insets depicting subjects were multi-coloured,necessitating several firings, and were particularly valued. With time the demand for these insets decreased, and the masters turned instead to making powder cases, hand mirrors, earrings, bracelets andportrait brooches.

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

Lake Nero

Озеро Неро

silty

илистый

marshy

болотистый

splendid

прекрасный

festive

праздничный

bygone

прошлый

remote

отдаленный

enamel

эмаль

inset

вставка

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

individual

личный

article

предмет, вещь

church plate

церковная утварь

depicting

изображающий

subject

предмет

multi-coloured

многокрасочный

necessitating

требующий

firing

обжиг

were particularly valued

особенно ценились

demand

спрос

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

powder cases

пудреница

mirror

зеркало

earrings

серьги

bracelet

браслет

portrait

портрет

brooch

брошь

souvenir

сувенир

Questions

  • When was Rostov the Great founded?
  • What is the historical centre of Rostov the Great?
  • When was the Kremlin built?
  • How many monasteries are there in Rostov the Great?
  • What is Rostov the Great famous for in the way of souvenirs ?
  • What is the population of Rostov the Great?

Rostov

Flag of Rostov

Coat of Rostov

Rostov Kremlin

Rostov bells

YAROSLAVL

  • Yaroslavl is the largest and most active of the Golden Ring towns. It was founded at the beginning of the 11th century by Prince Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev as a fortified town on the right bank of the Volga at the point where the Kotorosl flows into it.
  • The population of Yaroslavl is about 628 000 inhabitants.
  • There are many churches in Yaroslavl. The Church of St Elijah the Prophet (1647 – 1650) is one of the most beautiful. It is situated in the centre of Yaroslavl, on the town’s main square, Sovietskaya.
  • Besides, Yaroslavl is famous for the Saviour Monastery. It was founded in the second half of the 12th century. After a fire in 1501 the monastery buildings were rebuilt in stone.

Yaroslavl

Yaroslavl

Flag of Yaroslavl Coat of Yaroslavl

Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

Yaroslavl

Ярославль

wise

мудрый

fortified

укрепленный

Kotorosl

река Которосль

prophet

пророк

saviour

Спаситель

Questions

  • When was Yaroslavl founded?
  • Who was the city founded by?
  • Where is Yaroslavl situated?
  • What is Yaroslavl famous for in the way of architecture?
  • What is the population of Yaroslavl?
  • Is Yaroslavl a large city?

KOSTROMA

  • Kostroma was founded in 1151 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki of Suzdal. It is situated on the left bank of the Volga at the point where the Kostroma River flows into it.
  • The population of Kostroma is about 286 000 inhabitants.
  • Kostroma is famous for the Hypatian Monastery and the open-air Museum of Wooden Architecture.
  • The Hypatian Monastery is situated on the promontory between the Volga and the Kostroma. It was founded in 1275.
  • The open-air Museum of Wooden Architecture is located in a picturesque meadow by the River Igumenka. Here you will find churches, log cabins and other buildings from all over Kostroma Region.
  • The best souvenirs to take home from Kostroma are the beautiful itemsmade of pure linen. The bright and attractive linen tablecloths andnapkins on the trays of local traders are real works of art.

Kostroma

Flag of Kostroma Coat of Kostroma

Ipatiev Monastery

WORDS AND COMBINATIONS

Kostroma

Кострома

promontory

мыс

picturesque

живописный

meadow

луг

River Igumenka

река Игуменка

log cabin

бревенчатый дом

souvenir

сувенир

items

изделия

pure linen

чистый лен

attractive

привлекательный

tablecloths

скатерть

napkin

салфетка

tray

поднос

Questions

  • When was Kostroma founded?
  • Who was the city founded by?
  • Where is Kostroma situated?
  • What do you know about the Hypatian Monastery?
  • What do you know about the open-air Museum of Wooden Architecture?
  • What is Kostroma famous for in the way of souvenirs?
  • What is the population of Kostroma?

Copy and complete the chart

Town

Year of foundation

Founder

Situation

Sights

Souvenirs

Sergiev Posad

 

 

 

 

 

Pereslavl Zalessky

 

 

 

 

 

Rostov the Great

 

 

 

 

 

Yaroslavl

 

 

 

 

 

Kostroma

 

 

 

 

 

Ivanovo

Ivanovo - a city in central Russia on the banks of the River Uvod.

The main attractions of Ivanovo:

>Schudrovskaya tent

>Svyato-Vvedensky a nunnery

>Estate of Duringer

>House-ship

>Horseshoe House

>The complex of buildings of Ivanovo-Voznesensky >Polytechnic Institute

  • >The building of the Ivanovo History and Regional studies Museum

Ivanovo

Flag of Ivanovo Coat of Ivanovo

House-ship

Suzdal

Suzdal - a city in the Vladimir region.

Suzdal Kremlin - the oldest part of the city, the core of Suzdal.

  • The ancient part of richly decorated with carvings of white stone. The facades are decorated with figures of lions, female masks, intricate ornaments.

Suzdal

Flag of Coat of Suzdal

Suzdal Kremlin

Alexander's Monastery

Vladimir

Vladimir is located on the left bank of the river Klyazma.

The town is famous architectural monuments of Vladimir-Suzdal school:

>Golden Gate - white stone triumphal arch with a semicircular arch of tufa, over her gate church

>Uspensky Cathedral

  • >Dmitriyevsky Cathedral
  • Flag of Vladimir

Golden Gate

Uspensky Cathedral

Dmitriyevsky Cathedral

Tests

  • How many major cities in the Golden Ring of Russia? (8?5?7?)
  • Which of the cities of the Golden Ring of Russia is located in the Moscow region?
  • In which city is the "House teapot?“
  • In which city is the House-Ship and Horseshoe House?
  • Which city is located on the Volga River?

CHECK

  • 8
  • Sergiev Posad
  • Pereslavl-Zalessky
  • Ivanovo
  • Kostroma

Match the words from lists

1. Golden Ring of Russia

2. Capital of Russia

3. Ancient towns

4. Pocrova Church on the Nerl

5. Paul Fortress

  • Suzdal and Vladimir
  • Moscow
  • 8 towns
  • St. Petersburg
  • Vladimir