milk - or shubat the main ingredient of which is camel milk. Then, table will be
filled with baursaks - balls of dough, pre-fried in boiling oil (Asian analogue of
donuts), samsa - triangular pastries with meat,kausyrma - a kind of thin pastries
or fried doughs filled with meat and onions, raisins,kurt (small, salted cheese
balls) and, of course, tea. Here, to be objective, we should say that tea never grew
on the territory of Kazakhstan, it was introduced to the Steppe of Kazakhstan from
the outside, but despite this, tea quickly gained popularity among the local
population. And today, in fact, it is one of the main drinks in Kazakh society.
2. After a long-drawn tea ceremony, assortment of dishes on the festive table will
be complemented by meat dishes: kazi, shuzhuk, zhal, zhaya, karta, kabyrga.
The above dishes are traditionally prepared from horse meat or lamb. The main
dish of Kazakh cuisine, with which owners welcome their guests is besbarmak.
Name of this dish is translated from Kazakh as “five fingers” because of a manner
to eat the dish by hand. Besbarmak's main ingredients are: meat (lamb or horse
meat), pasta (it is cut into small squares), as well as herbs (dill , parsley, cilantro,
etc.). The procedure of cutting meat cooked for besbarmak is a separate special
ritual. Typically, this mission is laid on the owner or a highly respected guest.
According to traditions, each part of meat has its own meaning and is served in a
special way. Thus, meat from the pelvic bone and tibia is given to senior honored
guests. Son or daughter-law gets pruning from a sternum. Cervical vertebra is
usually served for unmarried girls. Sheep's head is cooked in a special way and is
served separately. The right to cut this element of besbarmak is usually given to a
guest of the highest rank. According to the European classification, all these dishes
belong to a group of second dishes and snacks. As for traditional Kazakh first
course, sorpa – rich broth completed by seasoned vegetables, spices and herbs -
occupies a special place. Sorpa, unlike other first courses, is for drinking, so it is
served in bowls.
Tea ceremony completes the meal.
Teacher: (5) Now it is time to solve the crosswords. Look at the ineractiveboard.
If you find the words correctly you will read the word “Kazakhstan”.
Tasks of the crosswords:
1. The main nationality of the Republic.
2. The capital of the Republic.
3. The first President of the Republic.
4. The city of apples.
5. The first Kazakh professional artist.
6. The name of the mountain of the Republic.
7. The name of the bird symbolizing love.
8. The national currency of the Republic.
9. The name of our region.