Match the names of Russian and English-speaking writers (authors) and books they wrote
Mark Twain To the Man on Trail
Jack London Sherlock Holmes
Charles Dickens The Adventure of Tom Sawyer
Bernard Shaw The Oracle and the Mountains
William Shakespeare Three sisters
Conan Doyle Widow’s House
Stephen King The Portrait
Alexander Pushkin Eugene Onegin
Anna Akhmatova Requiem
Anton Chekhov Oliver Twist
Nikolay Gogol Romeo and Juliet
Mark Twain (30.11.1835 - 21.04.1910) - American author.
As a writer Twain initiated with humorous stories and continued with works on harsh and serious subjects in his later career. In one of his famous works ‘The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ Twain combined humor and deep social criticism. Aside stories about Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn Twain wrote lectures and travelogues. His firs travelogue ‘A Tramp Abroad’ is a satirical story of his travels to Germany and Italy. The first Twain’s bestseller was ‘The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County’.
Many of his works were censored and suppressed in America for different reasons.
Jack London (12.01.1876 – 22.11.1916) - American author.
From 1898 Jack London started working intentionally to publish his writings. The first published work was “To the Man on Trail”. When London began his literary career the new printing technologies appeared. Consequently popular magazines became available for many people and in 1900 he could earn $2,500. In 1903 The Saturday Evening Post bought London’s work The call of the Wild for $750. In addition to that he sold the book rights to Macmillan for $2,000 and as a result London achieved a swift success. When London lived in Oakland he became acquainted with poet George Sterling who became his best friend. Sterling was described in London’s autobiographical novel Martin Eden as Russ Brissenden.
Charles Dickens ( 7.02.1812 – 9.06.1870) - English writer
During the remaining thirty-three years of his life Dickens wrote novels more than one in two years. He published by monthly. He himself established and edited. Next after 'The Pickwick Papers' came 'Oliver Twist,' and 'David Copperfield' ten years later. Of the others, 'Martin Chuzzlewit,' 'Dombey and Son,' 'Bleak House,' and 'A Tale of Two Cities,' are among the best. For some years Dickens also published an annual Christmas story, of which the first two, 'A Christmas Carol' and 'The Chimes,' rank highest.
Bernard Shaw(26.07.1856 – 2.11.1950) – Irish playwright
Shaw began working on his first play for production, Widowers' Houses, in 1885 in collaboration with critic William Archer. Archer decided that Shaw could not write a play, so the project was abandoned. Years later, Shaw tried again and, in 1892, completed the play by himself. Widowers' Houses (1892) was the first play by Nobel Prize in literature winner George Bernard Shaw to be staged. Shaw would later call it one of his worst works
William Shakespeare ( 26.04.1564 – 23.04.1616) - English poet
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young unhappy lovers whose deaths as a result reconcile their warring families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers.
Conan Doyle ( 22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) - Scottish writer
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is the creator Sherlock Holmes, the best-known detective in literature and the embodiment of scientific thinking. Doyle himself was not a good example of rational personality: he believed in fairies and was interested in occultism. Sherlock Holmes stories have been translated into more than fifty languages, and made into plays, films, radio and television series, a musical comedy, a ballet, cartoons, comic books, and advertisement. By 1920 Doyle was one of the most highly paid writers in the world.
Stephen King ( born September 21, 1947) - American author
"The Oracle and the Mountains" is a short story by Stephen King, originally published in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in February 1981. In 1982, "The Oracle and the Mountains" was collected with several other stories King published in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction as The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger. "The Oracle and the Mountains" formed the third chapter of the book, and was slightly revised for the inclusion.
Eugene Onegin (Yevgeniy Onegin) is a novel written by Alexander Pushkin. It is a classic of Russian literature, and its one named hero has served as the model for a number of Russian literary heroes. It was published in serial form between 1825 and 1832. The first complete edition was published in 1833.
Requiem is a lyrical cycle of elegy, complain and witness written between 1935 and 1940 by Anna Akhmatova. Akhmatova composed, worked and reworked the long sequence in secret, depicting the suffering of the common people under the Stalinist Terror.She carried it with her as she worked and lived in towns and cities across the Soviet Union. It was conspicuously absent from her collected works, given its explicit condemnation of the purges. The work in Russian finally appeared in book form in Munich in 1963, the whole work not published within the USSR until 1987. It would become her best known work.
Anton Chekhov ( 29.01.1860 – 15.07.1904) – Russian author and playwright
Three Sisters is a play by the Russian author and playwright Anton Chekhov, perhaps partially inspired by the situation of the three Brontë sisters. It was written in 1900 and first performed in 1901 at the Moscow Art Theatre. The play is sometimes included on the short list of Chekhov's outstanding plays, along with The Seagull and Uncle Vanya.
The Portrait (Russian: Портрет) is a short story by Nikolai Gogol. Is one of Gogols’ most demonic of tales, one of his earlier works such as "St. John's Eve". It is the story of a young and penniless artist, Andrey Petrovich Chartkov, who stumbles upon a terrifyingly lifelike portrait in an art shop and is compelled to buy it. The painting is magical and offers him a dilemma — to struggle to make his own way in the world on the basis of his own talents or to accept the assistance of the magic painting to guaranteed riches and fame. He chooses to become rich and famous, but when he comes upon a portrait from another artist which is "pure, faultless, beautiful as a bride" he comes to realize that he has made the wrong choice. Eventually, he falls ill and dies from a fever.