Презентация "British English vs American English" 8 класс


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SPELLING DIFFERENCES  

-or instead of –our

color vs colour honor vs honour favorite vs favourite

-er instead of –re

center vs centre meter vs metre theater vs theatre

-se instead of –ce

practise vs practice defense vs defence license vs licence

-l instead of-ll travelled vs traveled enrollment vs enrolment fullfil vs fulfil  

-ze instead of –se analyze vs analyse criticize vs criticize memorize vs memorise  

-m instead of -mme program vs programme kilogram vs kilogramme

And also: all right vs alright сheck vs cheque (n) aging vs ageing whiskey vs whisky (Scottish)

 

SPELLING DIFFERENCES  

although and through

DRIVE THRU or NO THRU TRUCKS

GRAMMATICAL DIFFERENCES

Did you hear the news? (Ame)

Have you heard the news? (Bre)

Many irregular verbs in American became regular:

prove

proved

proven / proved

shave

shaved

shaven / shaved

burn

burnt / burned

burnt / burned

dream

dreamt / dreamed

dreamt / dreamed

lean

leant / learned

leant / leaned

smell

smelt / smelled

smelt / smelled

spell

spelt / spelled

spelt / spelled

spoil

spoilt / spoiled

spoilt / spoiled

PHONETICAL DIFFERENCES  

Ame

Bre

 

/s/

/z/

blouse, diagnose, Glasgow

/eɪ/

/ɑː/

cicada, promenade, tomato

/æ/

/eɪ/

apricot, dahlia, digitalis, patent, comrade

LEXICAL DIFFERENCES  

drugstore

chemist’s

baggage

luggage

bill

banknote

LEXICAL DIFFERENCES  

gas (station)

petrol (station)

physician

doctor 

canned food

tinned food

LEXICAL DIFFERENCES  

elevator

lift

last name

surname

movies

cinema

LEXICAL DIFFERENCES  

cookie

biscuit

1st floor

ground floor

truck

lorry

LEXICAL DIFFERENCES  

cellphone

mobile

metro / subway

tube / underground

fall

autumn