Конспект урока "Страноведение. США. Виды речевого контроля" 10 класс


Разработка урока
«Страноведение. США. Виды речевого
контроля».
Выполнила
учитель английского языка
ГОУ СОШ №489 Санкт-Петербурга
Нуянзина Галина Алексеевна.
2011
Аннотация
Данная разработка уроков предоставляет возможность произвести
разные виды контроля речевой деятельности (аудирования,
монологической и диалогической речи, чтения, письма) при изучении
страноведения (США) в старших классах. Уроки предполагают элементы
ролевой игры и театрализации с использованием костюмных
аксессуаров. Для данного вида уроков желательно дополнительное
время (два спаренных урока в идеале), но возможно провести их и в два
этапа.
Проверочные вопросы учителя на первом этапе урока могут быть
дополнены презентацией с выборкой ответов (тест). Но в силу
ограниченных возможностей размера загружаемого на портал файла
автор предпочел документ WORD. Данная разработка может быть
применена с любым УМК.
Конспект урока по теме «Виды речевого контроля на уроке
страноведения при изучении США»
Цели и задачи урока:
1) активизировать и систематизировать информационные
знания полученные при изучении различных аспектов жизни США
2) произвести контроль речевой деятельности в форме
монолога, диалога, чтения и письма.
3) повторить грамматическую структуру Conditionals II и
применить ее в диалогической речи по страноведческой тематике.
I. Warming up.
Teacher: As you know we've gathered here to speak about different
aspects of the life in the USA. I see three teams here ready for discussion
and exchanging of opinions. To warm you up I'd like to offer you some simple
questions on history and geography of the USA:
- What countries made early settlements in America?
- What was the first English colony in America?
- What were the " Pilgrim Fathers"?
- What were the thirteen colonies that were established by the time of
the war of independence?
- Who was the first American president? When did he come to office?
- What does the Statue of Liberty in New-York commemorate?
- When does the American president take office and how long is his
term?
- What is the name given to the official residence of the president of the
USA in Washington?
- What is the national flag of the USA called?
- What river does the capital of the USA stand on?
- What is the largest river of the USA?
- What was the name of the ship which brought the first immigrants to
America?
- What is the nickname of the US government?
- When is the Day of Independence in the USA?
II. Контроль монологической речи (первый вид).
Teacher: I guess that everyone has got his own view of America
according to the English lessons and the books you've read. Can you tell me
what you think of America?
Pupil 1: As far as I know it is one of the largest countries in the world.
Its territory is about nine million square kilometers and it lies in the North
American continent and is washed by the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans.
Pupil 2: Yes, I agree with you, the country is rather big and that's why
it has lots of different climatic regions. For example it's rather warm in Florida
and the climate there is considered to be subtropical and they get apples and
fresh fruit all the year round.
Pupil 3: Well, speaking about Florida they say the nickname of the
state is Sunshine state. No wonder all the retired people who have got
enough money tend to live there to warm their bones.
Pupil 4: That's right, but speaking about the climate of the USA we
can't say that it is so nice everywhere. Poor Americans, they even have
snow, especially in the state of Washington in the North-West.
Pupil 5: By the way, do you know what state is nicknamed the White
state?
Pupil 6: Of course, I know, it's Alaska, I am very sorry to say. This
enormous territory used to belong to Russia one day. They say they've found
gold there.
Pupil 7: Yes, you are right; I read a lot of stories by a famous American
writer Jack London who described the life of the gold-diggers in Alaska.
Pupil 8: I've heard somewhere that Jack London himself went to look
for gold.
Pupil 7: Yes, you are right. But he didn't find any gold there except the
personages for his books.
Pupil 9: My idea of America is cowboy’s ranches and cactuses.
Pupil 10: Yes, there are many spacious places in America. As our
teacher told us one day, she traveled through all America from east to west
and especially in the states of Texas and Arizona there are very few houses
and people but lots of uncultivated land and thorny cactuses.
Pupil 11: Well, my idea of America is high skyscrapers and big cities. I
know that New-York is especially rich in skyscrapers. Just imagine, Empire
State building has got 102 floors.
Pupil 12: I agree with you, it's very impressive. But do you know where
in the world the highest skyscraper is.
Pupil 11: In New-York probably?
Pupil 12: Unfortunately not. They say, in Chicago, the Sears Tower.
I've never seen it but I read about it somewhere.
Pupil 13: My ideal place in America is a quiet house near
Massachusetts. As far as I know, the climate there is very much like in Russia
and I prefer to live in a two-floored house where all the Americans live.
II. Контроль монологической речи (второй вид).
Teacher: I see that your ideas of the USA have much in common and
sometimes they differ. Let's try to check whether you know some facts about
the cities of the USA. Will you recognize the place of interest here in the
picture and give some information about it. ( учащимся предлагаются
слайды с видами различных городов США, команды отвечают по
очереди).
Pupil 1: If I am not mistaken, this is the famous Empire State
Building. It was built in... The most interesting fact is that...
Pupil 2: As far as I know this is the White House ,the official
residence of the American president. It was built by the order of... It is painted
white because...
Pupil 3: l think, it is Boston the capital of the state Massachusetts,
one of the original 13 states. The most famous there is the Boston
University. Boston is also home of one of the best Symphonies in the USA...
Pupil 4: As I see, it is Central park in New-York. It is used by
thousands of New-Yorkers and visitors every day. And in the center of it there
is a Zoo...
Pupil 5: l know, it is the Statue of Liberty in New-York. It was built in
New-York Harbor in 1886. It was a gift from the people of France. About 12
million immigrants passed through New-York when they came to America.
Pupil 6: This is the Guggenheim museum. It has one of the world's
finest collections of modern and contemporary art. This museum was
designed by the famous architect, Frank Lloyd Wright.
Teacher: Thank you very much; your stories were rather informative.
Now we've got a surprise for you, a piece of drama.
III. Контроль аудирования в форме театральной постановки,
выполненной тремя учащимися в качестве домашнего задания.
Teacher: Look at these three gentlemen and listen very attentively to
what they are going to say. You should recognize these historical
personages. They were very well-known at their time and they are still known
and respected. Please, don't interrupt them and be with them up to the end of
their conversation. After that you can ask them questions to make sure you
are right.
Lincoln (L:)
Franklin(F:)
Washington (W:)
F: Hello, my dear friends. I think, I am the oldest here, as I was born
295 years ago in a big family of my father who had 17 children.
W: Yes, I remember you, we met at the end of your life.
F: Yes, these were interesting pioneering times, the beginning of a new
state. Life was not very easy then. As a child I worked in the shop of my
father, a soap and candle maker, but I didn't like the job. I liked to read and
study. I remember, when I was 12 I was sent to assist my half-brother James
who had a printing shop. I would often stay up late into the night reading and
improving my style of writing.
W: I agree, life was not so easy. But I was luckier. I was born in 1732.
And after the death of my father, at the age of 11, I went to a little country
school, where I learned to read and to do sums in arithmetic. I was a good
student. Luckily, my eldest brother married Miss Fairfax whose father was a
rich land owner of the colony. He took a liking to me and we became great
friends. He helped me a lot in my future life.
L: Yes, gentlemen, I can't say I know you personally. I was born a little
later after you, my dear sir, became a president. My father was a poor
pioneer. We always had to move from one place to another changing our
homes. So I learned to cut the trees and to make log-cabins at an early age. I
went to school at long intervals from the age of 6 to 15 and the total amount
of schooling which I received was less than a year. And I was the first in a big
family who learned to read and write.
F: People later considered me a great writer. I remember my first
writing experience. When my brother James began publishing a newspaper I
secretly wrote articles for the newspaper putting them under the door of the
print shop late at night, so my brother didn't know about it.
W: My first great task from Lord Fairfax was to measure the land and
to establish the boundary lines. I was 16 years old then but I did my work so
well that the governor of Virginia made me a public surveyor for the colony.
L: I used to work in the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to take corn and
other products to New-Orleans by flat-boat. On one of the trips at New-
Orleans I saw Negro slaves bought and sold at public auction in the market
place. This sight made a great impression on me which I never forgot.
F: Soon I started my own printing shop and in1729 bought the
newspaper "The Pennsylvania Gazette" where I wrote my own articles. I was
very active in my life. I organized the American Philosophical Society, the first
subscription library, the University of Pennsylvania.
W: As far as I know, you invented much in the field of electricity:
battery, armature, charge, condense, conductor, plus, minus, positive,
negative are all your new words. And you also did a pioneering work of
weather observations.
F: Yes, quite right. I lived a long life. I witnessed the American
revolution, I helped to make the Declaration of Independence.
L: Yes, you are often called the "First American", a journalist, scientist,
educator, politician, writer and philosopher. As for me, when quitting the work
on the Mississippi I moved to Illinois where I began to study law. And I was a
success as an advocate. At the age of 25 I was elected to the state
legislature. And I also became the president of the USA in 1860. I witnessed
the Civil War between the North and the South. I consider my great
achievement the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862.
W: I also took part in the war of the American colonies against England
which imposed great taxes on every our step in America. Thomas Jefferson
and I organized a committee to boycott English goods. When tea was brought
to Boston it was sank into the sea because we refused to pay high taxes on
English goods. There in London they decided to punish us and close the port
of Boston for any trade. So all 13 states united and began the war against
English colonial policy. On the 4
th
of July 1776 we adopted the Declaration of
Independence. And in 12 years I was chosen the first president of the nation.
III. Часть вторая. Проверка понимания аудирования.
Teacher: So you've listened to a very strange conversation, which may
not have happened in reality. Has anybody got questions to our guests? Have
you guessed who they are? When you are going to name a person, give your
reasons why you think so.
Pupil 1: Could you repeat where you were born?
Pupil 2: Did you take part in the operation "Boston Tea Party?'
Pupil 3: What do you consider your main achievement in the field of
policy?
Pupil 4: Did you see each other during your lifetime?
Pupil 5: When did you start your political carrier?
Pupil 6: How did you finish your life?
Варианты персонажей, которые предлагают учащиеся:
Р1: In my opinion, the man on my left is Franklin because he has got a
nickname "the First American" and also he has mentioned all his numerous
occupations
P2: As far as I understood the man in the hat is Abraham Lincoln as he
really lead a very poor life but in the very early age he was elected to the
government and devoted all his life to the liberation of the Negroes. The
Emancipation Proclamation was the most important document for those
times but for this Lincoln was assassinated in the theatre in Washington.
P3: I think the man in the middle is George Washington because he
took part in the war against England and he also knew Jefferson so he was at
the very beginning of the American nation. He also mentioned the "Boston
Tea Party" which was the reason of the war with the English.
IV. Контроль навыков просмотрового чтения с опорой на
литературные тексты американских авторов.
1) Teacher: Now can I suggest to you rewriting this piece of text in the
American variant of the language? This will show your knowledge of the
American spelling.
The text is the following:
One day in autumn I was going up the lift to the 10
th
floor. Among the
passengers there was a very strange man. It seemed to me that I saw him in
some film, in the cinema. He was chewing some sweets and was dressed in
very funny trainers. I asked him, "Have you got a brother?" He said, "Yes, he
lives in Main street. He is an actor at the theatre. But I live here, my flat is in
the 7
th
floor. I asked him if he liked funny things. He answered that he often
stops at the shop on his way home and he has just bought the trainers there.
He was going to play football because it is his favourite game. His son goes
to school and he is in the 8
th
form and every summer his family goes on
holiday.
2) Teacher: Now each team will receive the pieces of two cut texts.
There are no headings of the texts and no endings. Your task is to collect the
pieces first and then we shall discuss the content.
(Можно взять два любых отрывка из художественных
произведений на усмотрение учителя).
3) Teacher: Now when the texts are collected and understood, I am
going to give you some assignments on the texts:
a) make up a plan to the text in the Present Indefinite tense
b) give the heading to the text
c) what can you say about the personages of the text. Give their
characteristics
What features can be applied to them:
positive, joyful, honest, kind, devoted, clever, attentive, friendly,
reliable, respected, ambitious, negative, obstinate, selfish, inattentive,
indifferent, stingy, self-assured.
d) think of the ending to the text
e) the teacher gives the original ending to the text
V. Повторение грамматической структуры «Второй тип
условных предложений» с опорой на доске If I were in America, I would
(в форме полилога):
P1: I say, Ira, where would you go in America if you were given a
chance?
P2: I think, I would rather go to... because it is always sunny there. And
you?
P1: I would prefer Alaska because there are not many people there but
lots of beautiful forests, rivers and salmon which is my favorite fish.
P3: Can I ask you, Andrey, what would you do in America if you
worked there?
P4: I'd be engaged into a car business. I think I would start with car-
washing and repairing and then would run an auto business.
P3: Oh, I know that you love cars.
P5: I say, Sergey, would you like to live in America?
P6: No, I am afraid not, I hope to find a good job here.
VI. Заключительный этап урока. Игры-загадки в командах.
Teacher: As you are divided into three teams think of some prominent
figure, the state or the historical event from the life of the USA.
The state:
P1, 2, 3...
a) What part of the USA is it situated in?
b) What can you say about this state from the geographical point of
view?
c) Are there any rivers or mountains there?
d) What are the chief industries of the state?
e) ls it a developed industrial or agricultural state?
f) Was it among the first 13 states?
g) When did it enter the Union?
h) What is the percentage of the black population there?
i) What famous people lived in this state?
j) What is the nickname of the state?
k) What is the largest town of the state?
The prominent person:
P1,2,3...
a) When was he born?
b) Was he born in a family of an American pioneer?
c) Where and what did he study?
d) What was his first occupation?
e) At what age did he begin to work?
f) What are his main achievements?
g) What made him famous?
h) What kind of family did he have?
The historical event:
P1,2,3...
a) In what century did it happen?
b) Who took part in this event?
c) Is it connected with science, literature, music, technology?
d) Where did the event take place?
e) Who are the main personages of the event?
VII. Подведение итогов урока, выставление оценок и
домашнее задание.
Teacher: For the next week I am going to give you several topics for
your composition on the USA:
a) What attracts Russians in American way of life?
b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the life in America
from your point of view?
c) If I went to America...