Конспект урока "История и культура США" 10 класс


Сценарий урока с использованием ИКТ на уроке английского
языка "История и культура США"
Ударцева Елена Юрьевна, учитель английского языка
Класс: 10
УМК: В.П. Кузовлёв. 10-11 класс
Unit 1: How different the world is!
Форма урока: урок-лекция с использованием ИКТ
Тип урока: Урок изучения нового в форме лекции
Тема урока: История и культура США
Оснащение: мультимедийный проектор, экран, материалы по истории и культуре США,
раздаточный материал с новой лексикой, таблица “Американские штаты”
Цель урока: познакомить учащихся с историей и культурой США.
Задачи:
Образовательные: обобщить знания о географическом положении, познакомить с
основными историческими фактами развития истории США; совершенствовать
умения слушать, читать с извлечением нужной информации, создать условия для
обсуждения учащимися полученных знаний по истории и культуре США.
Развивающие: способствовать развитию способностей к репродуктивной и
продуктивной речевой деятельности, оперативной памяти, любознательности,
воображения, объёма памяти через постепенное увеличение речевых единиц на
аудитивной и зрительной основе.
Воспитательные: воспитание уважительного отношения к истории и культуре
страны изучаемого языка, формирование устойчивого интереса к предмету.
Этапы урока
Деятельность учителя
Деятельность учащихся
1.Организационый
момент
Учитель объявляет тему, задачи
урока, план.
Dear friends! At our last lessons we
spoke about the geographical position
of the USA and the history of its
discovery.
Why do we speak about the country?
Today we are going to continue our
talk and get some new information
about the history and culture of the
Учащиеся слушают учителя,
осознают тему, задачи урока.
Учащиеся реагируют на
реплики учителя. Отвечают
на вопросы.
We’d like to know about the
USA as much as possible,
because English is an official
language of the USA If you
want to learn a foreign
language you should meet the
United States. Be ready to discuss it.
people, traditions, customs,
culture of those countries,
where people speak this
language.
2. Этап повторения
изученного
материала
(На экране карта США ) Учитель
задаёт вопросы по географическому
положению (фронтальная форма
работы)
Where is the USA situated? What is it
washed by? What is the longest river?
What is the capital of the USA? …
Would you like to describe the
geographical position of the USA?
Работа с таблицей “Американские
штаты” (приложение №1) How
many states are there? What is the
biggest? ...Capitals? Dates?
Учащиеся отвечают на
вопросы
The USA is situated in the
centre of North America
excluding the territory of
Alaska (north west of
Canada) and Hawaii (in the
Pacific ocean). It is washed by
the Pacific ocean in the west
and the Atlantic in the east. The
USA borders on Canada in the
north, Mexico in the south. It
has a sea-border with Russia. It
is the Bering Strait. The main
rivers of the USA are the
Mississippi, the Missouri, the
Colorado and others.
Монологическое
выступление учащегося у
карты
Учащиеся пользуются
таблицей (прилож. №1)
(отвечают на вопросы)
3. Этап
предъявления
нового материала
Do you want to know any other facts
about this country? About its cities
and places of interests? Today you
have a good opportunity to expand
outlook, get some knowledge about
the history and culture of the USA
watching our slide-show.
Фонетическая отработка новой
лексики
Учитель (по раздаточному
материалу) отрабатывает с
учащимися незнакомые слова,
географические названия, названия
достопримечательностей:
Slavery - рабство
irrigation орошение полей
P1: Yes, sure.
P2: …
Учащиеся отрабатывают
слова вместе с учителем
хором и индивидуально.
Architecture - архитектура
expedition - экспедиция
tributaries - притоки
pulled down - перевернула
a burning candle горящая свеча
Geographical names: Philadelphia …
San Francisco
California
Chicago
Los Angeles
Lake Michigan
Washington’s National Cathedral
the Ohio
The Missouri
the Gulf of California
The Niagara Falls Грамматика:
употребление определённого и
нулевого артикля (учитель просит
учащихся объяснить)
Просмотр презентации. Children,
watch, listen, be ready to discuss and
comment some pictures and dates after
our slide-lecture. Be ready to answer
some questions.
Учитель представляет слайды,
делает комментарии, ведёт беседу с
учащимися, во время демонстрации
обращает внимание на основные
моменты.
Учащиеся объясняют
употребление артикля.
Учащиеся смотрят
презентацию слайдов,
слушают комментарии,
отвечают на вопросы
учителя. Если необходимо
делают краткие записи.
4. Этап обобщения
полученных
знаний.
Учитель демонстрирует
фотографии
достопримечательностей (слайд №
20 из лекции), просит
прокомментировать их. (можно
Учащиеся отвечают на
вопросы, делают
комментарии.
I think that it is the building of
организовать работу в группах)
На экране появляются даты,
которые учащиеся должны
пояснить (слайд № 21)
Отмечает наиболее активных
учащихся.
… Объясняют даты: 1492
the year of discovering of
North America by Ch.
Columbus. 1776 the USA got
its independence from Britain.
The Declaration of
Independence was written.
Индивидуальная работа по
вопросам
Предлагает учащимся вопросы
(слайд № 22).
Отмечает учащегося, который
выполнит задание наиболее быстро
и правильно
Учащиеся отвечают на
вопросы письменно.
Подведение итогов
урока. Рефлексия
Учитель делает обобщение.
What was the most interesting for
you? What impressed you most of all?
Учитель анализирует работу
учащихся на уроке и оценивает их
деятельность.
Учащиеся высказывают своё
мнение по проделанной
работе, о том, что узнали
нового, что произвело
впечатление.
Домашнее задание
Your hometask is to write 10
sentences about some facts from our
lesson, which impressed you most of
all.
Записывают дом. задание
Языковой материал презентации
Who discovered America? The answer is: nobody knows. North America may have been
discovered by Vikings under Leif Eriksson, but Europeans didn’t know about its existence until
Columbus’ voyages.
In 1492 three ships- the “Santa Maria”, the “Pinta”, the “Nine” under Columbus landed the
continent.
In 1507 Amerigo Vespucci explored the area of South America and introduced a new land to the
world. This continent was called after him - “America”.
In 1620 the first people from England arrived in America. They left England because of religious
problems.
In 1776 after the war with Britain, America became an independent country. Americans wrote
the Declaration of the Independence and designed a new flag The Stars and Stripes.
4th July The Day of Independence (a national holiday)
After the war in 1861-1865 between the northern and the southern states (south lost) the
government stopped slavery .
1969 the first people on the moon were three astronauts: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Ed
Collins.
The flag of the USA has 13 red and white stripes representing 13 original states and 50 stars
for each of the 50 states of the country in our days.
Nationalities:
white Americans - 83,5 %
Africans - 12,4%
immigrants from Asia - 3,3%
native Americans (Indians, Aleuts, Eskimos) 0,8 %
The USA is divided into 50 states. Hawaii became the 50th state in 1959. Alaska is separated
from Russia by the Bering Strait. It is the biggest and the coldest state of the country.
Each of the states has its own capital, government and symbol.
The Niagara Falls a waterfalls on the river Niagara (51 meters high). It is situated on the
boarder between the USA and Canada. The waterfalls was discovered by the expedition of R.
Lassal. There is always a rainbow over it.
The Mississippi “Old man river” together with its tributaries the Missouri and the Ohio is the
longest river in the world. The history of this river is described in the book “Life on the
Mississippi” by M. Twain.
George Washington, “the father of his country”. He was an example of bravery and approved the
fight against slavery. General Henry Li wrote : “Washington was first in war, first in peace and
first in the hearts of his countrymen” The capital of the country, a state, a lake, an island, a
mount, a canyon, some universities and colleges, streets and squares are named after him. In
1888 the Washington Monument was established in the capital (169 m. high).
The White House is the Residence of the American President. The Capitol is the highest building
in W, where laws are made. No building in the city may be more than 40 meters high.
Washington National Cathedral (St. Peter and St.Paul’s Church Cathedral) – was built in a gothic
style. The first stone was laid by Th. Roosevelt (the 26th president) in 1907. Finally it was
rebuilt in 1990.
New York (New York) is the city of contrasts, financial and business centre of the USA.
It was founded some three hundred years ago. It is situated in the mouth of the Hudson . Its
nickname is “A big apple”, because everybody wants to bite it.
At the entrance to New York Harbour you can see a great statue which is called the Statue of
Liberty. It is 46 meters high excluding the pedestal. The Statue was designed by Bartholdy, a
French sculptor, who worked ten years at it. In 1876 the statue was taken to pieces and shipped
across the Atlantic as a gift from the French government to the USA for its democratic views.
Chicago’s architecture is one of the youngest in the USA “thanks to” the great fire in 1871.
The whole city was destroyed. The cause was the cow “Mrs. O’Leary”, who pulled down a
burning candle in a time she had been milked. 90 thousand people were left without houses!
Almost all the buildings of wood were burnt. Some years later the city was rebuilt. The first
skyscrapers appeared with iron constructions.
The city became the most modern one from all the biggest American cities.
Los Angeles (California) the nation’s third largest city. It leads the USA in production of
aircraft. This city is the world capital of filmed entertainment. The first cinema house in the
country was opened here in 1902.
Hollywood the centre of the US film industry. In 1913 the first film was made there. The
biggest film companies are here: MGM, Paramount, 20th century Fox, Columbia Pictures,
Warner Bros.
In 1955 a world famous cartoon’s creator Walt Disney founded the first park of entertainment
with decorations from popular Disney cartoons in Los Angeles.
10 mln. people visit Disneyworld every year .
Walt Disney (1901-1966) - a world famous cartoons’Director.
His Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck are known to every child in the world.
New Orleans is the place to come if you like jazz or blues. Almost all the bars and clubs in the
city feature live music, there are usually more bands playing out in the streets. Other reason to
visit this city is its 19th century architecture.
Las Vegas is the city that never sleeps!
San Francisco, Philadelphia …
America! Who has seen you once, will never forget”. (J. London)
1. Thanks to his exploration America has got its name?
2. It is 51 metres high, is situated on the border between Canada and the USA-?
3. It is famous for its three universities - ?
4. He founded the first park of entertainment for children - ?
5. The home of the first skyscraper - ?
6. Who presented the Statue of Liberty to the USA and why?
7. Th. Roosevelt took part in the building of this sight. - ?
8. What is the biggest state of the USA?
9. This city has no skyscrapers. - ?