After the war in 1861-1865 between the northern and the southern states (south lost) the
government stopped slavery .
1969 – the first people on the moon were three astronauts: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Ed
The flag of the USA has 13 red and white stripes representing 13 original states and 50 stars –
for each of the 50 states of the country in our days.
white Americans - 83,5 %
Africans - 12,4%
immigrants from Asia - 3,3%
native Americans (Indians, Aleuts, Eskimos) – 0,8 %
The USA is divided into 50 states. Hawaii became the 50th state in 1959. Alaska is separated
from Russia by the Bering Strait. It is the biggest and the coldest state of the country.
Each of the states has its own capital, government and symbol.
The Niagara Falls – a waterfalls on the river Niagara (51 meters high). It is situated on the
boarder between the USA and Canada. The waterfalls was discovered by the expedition of R.
Lassal. There is always a rainbow over it.
The Mississippi – “Old man river” together with its tributaries the Missouri and the Ohio is the
longest river in the world. The history of this river is described in the book “Life on the
Mississippi” by M. Twain.
George Washington, “the father of his country”. He was an example of bravery and approved the
fight against slavery. General Henry Li wrote : “Washington was first in war, first in peace and
first in the hearts of his countrymen” The capital of the country, a state, a lake, an island, a
mount, a canyon, some universities and colleges, streets and squares are named after him. In
1888 the Washington Monument was established in the capital (169 m. high).
The White House is the Residence of the American President. The Capitol is the highest building
in W, where laws are made. No building in the city may be more than 40 meters high.
Washington National Cathedral (St. Peter and St.Paul’s Church Cathedral) – was built in a gothic
style. The first stone was laid by Th. Roosevelt (the 26th president) in 1907. Finally it was
rebuilt in 1990.
New York (New York) is the city of contrasts, financial and business centre of the USA.
It was founded some three hundred years ago. It is situated in the mouth of the Hudson . Its
nickname is “A big apple”, because everybody wants to bite it.
At the entrance to New York Harbour you can see a great statue which is called the Statue of
Liberty. It is 46 meters high excluding the pedestal. The Statue was designed by Bartholdy, a
French sculptor, who worked ten years at it. In 1876 the statue was taken to pieces and shipped
across the Atlantic as a gift from the French government to the USA for its democratic views.