Конспект урока "Формы инфинитива и его функции"


Муниципальное автономное общеобразовательное учреждение
муниципального образования Тихорецкий район
Гимназия №6 города Тихорецка
«Формы инфинитива и его функции»
(Система упражнений по введению и закреплению материала)
Костенко Ольга Алексеевна, учитель английского языка.
г. Тихорецк, 2013г.
The Infinitive
The Forms of the Infinitive
Active Passive
Indefinite
to teach
to be taught
Continuous
to be teaching
------
Perfect
to have taught
to have been taught
Perfect Continuous
to have been teaching
--------
The Indefinite Infinitive expresses an action simultaneous with that expressed
by the finite verb.
Example: I shall be glad to see him.
It was pleasant to speak to him.
The teacher asked the pupil on duty to open the window.
The Continuous Infinitive denotes an action in progress simultaneous with
that expressed by the finite verb.
Example: He seemed to be waiting for us.
The Perfect Infinitive denotes an action prior to that expressed by the finite
verb.
Example: I am sorry to have troubled you.
It is very nice of you to have to have come.
I am sorry to have kept you waiting.
The Perfect Continuous Infinitive denotes an action which lasted a certain
time before the action of the finite verb.
Example: He proved to have been teaching English for ten years.
The Active Infinitive denotes that the subject is the doer of the action. The
Passive infinitive denotes that the subject is acted upon.
Example: The man came to teach us English.
The man came to be taught English.
Exercise: Read the sentences and state what kinds of infinitives are used in
them: active op passive; indefinite, continuous or perfect.
1. She was sorry to have missed the train.
2. The weather seems to be changing.
3. There is nothing to be done.
4. He is said to have left school.
5. Look out of the window. It seems to be snowing.
Exercise: Use the infinitive in the required form: active or passive, indefinite,
continuous or perfect.
1. Speak louder if you want a) to hear
b) to be heard
2. Don’t talk too much if you want people…
a) to listen to you
b) to be listened to you
3. Ask yourself always: how can this…
a) do better
b) be done better
4. I am glad … your advice.
a) to take
b) to have taken
5. The doctor prescribed the medicine …every three hours.
a) to take
b) to be taken
6. I expect the telegram… in two hours
a) to bring
b) to be brought
7. He is said… a new play every year.
a) to write
b) to be writing
8. I am lucky…this book.
a) to buy
b) to have bought
9. Take your umbrella. It seems …
a) to rain
b) to be raining
10. The girl pretended … a book as she did not want to speak to him.
a) to read
b) to be reading
Exercise: Use perfect infinitive in these sentences.
1. How lucky he is (to travel) all over the world and (to see) so much.
2. I regret (to miss) such an interesting performance.
3. It’s terrible of you (to make) such a mistake.
4. He seemed (to understand) your joke.
5. We are glad (to do) the work in time.
6. It’s so nice of you (to buy) the tickets beforehand.
7. It’s wise of him (to discuss) the matter in a very detailed way.
8. She seemed (to translate) four or five articles already.
Exercise: Use passive infinitive in theses sentences.
1. I hated to bother you but the man is still waiting (to give) an answer.
2. He hated (to bother) with unimportant matters when he had so many
questions to decide.
3. The idea was too complicated (to express) in just one sentence.
4. The book is (to publish) very soon.
5. The only sound (to hear) was the tick of the grandfather’s clock
downstairs.
The Infinitive can be used in the function of the subject, predicative, object,
attribute, adverbial modifier.
State the forms and functions of the infinitives.
1. To have a hot water tap is very convenient. (subject)
2. To move to a new flat is always pleasant. (subject)
3. Our desire is to furnish our kitchen in a new style. (predicative)
4. Our plan was to parquet the floor. (predicative)
5. My mother plans to buy a piano for me. (object)
6. She was glad to have got a good refrigerator. (object)
7. This is a dish to put apples in. (attribute)
8. He was the last to come to our party. (attribute)
9. The flat was too small to hold so many guests. (adverbial modifier of result)
Exercise: Replace the subordinate clauses by infinitives in various functions.
Model: The child is very proud that he presses the button in the lift.
The child is very proud to press the button in the lift.
1. I have bought good paint with which I shall paint the floor.
2. There is a lift in the house which takes us to the upper stories.
3. He was the first man who was invited to the party.
4. We have a comfortable bed in which you can sleep.
5. He bought some beautiful pictures which he will hang in his study.
Exercise: Insert an active or passive infinitive from the list below.
1. She was delighted … to the party.
2. She was delighted …her friends to the party.
3. I hate … you but I can’t move the table alone.
4. She hated …with questions concerning the cost of her furniture.
5. His intention is …this room as a nursery.
6. The room … as a nursery should be warm enough.
7. She was anxious for us … her taste in decorating the flat.
8. Her taste in furnishing the room should …
(to invite, to use, to praise, to bother)
Список литературы:
Б. М. Плискина, А. А. Руд, Е.И. Чапник. «Структурные модели
английского языка»: Учебное пособие по развитию навыков устной
речи.-М.: «Высшая школа», 1989 г.
Богородицкая В.Н., Хрусталёва Л.В. Учебник английского языка:
Для 8 кл. шк. с углубл. изуч.англ.яз. М.: «ДеКонт», 1995.