Развитие навыков устной речи на основе текста
Процесс порождения устноречевого высказывания на основе текста нуждается в
организации целенаправленного управления им, учитывая при этом определенную
пошаговость, логическую и методическую последовательность в постановке заданий.
Тексты для чтения по теме «Здоровый образ жизни» и задания к ним:
Good Health Is Above Wealth
There is a good proverb in English: « Good Health Is Above Wealth».
Health was valued greatly in all times and in all countries.
The ancients said: «A sound mind in a sound body». Therefore we must live a healthy life. A healthy
way of life consists of physical exercises, good plain food, absence of bad habits, such as smoking and
drinking. Our town life today gives us little opportunities for physical exercises and motion. We have
running water and central heating in our flats. We like to sit in a comfortable armchair and watch TV on
our days off. We often forget that fresh air and exercises are good for the health.
We eat much meat and sugar, but not much fruit and vegetables. The problem of food is very important
for the healthy way of life. We may again remember another English proverb: «An apple a day keeps the
doctor away». Doctors always advise us to eat more fruit and vegetables, because there are many vitamins
Everybody who has bad habits must try to give them up, if he doesn`t want to fall ill. Besides, it is not
very useful to sit up late at night before a TV-set and sleep till noon the next day. And another English
proverb says: «Early to bed, early to rise makes the man healthy, wealthy and wise ».
A person is healthy when he is not ill, when he is free of illness. But if you are ill you have to go to the
doctor immediately. He will listen to your lungs. Then the doctor will take your blood pressure and feel
your pulse. If you have a sore throat, it will be difficult for you to swallow and to breathe.
Perhaps the doctor will ask you to buy the medicine and to stay in bed for some days. If the doctor
prescribes a medicine for you, you should take it regularly. You will drink warm milk and mineral water.
You will recover earlier if you stay in bed.
If you want to keep fit remember some rules:
-get up early and go to bed early;
- take regular exercises;
-take a cold shower every day;
-eat healthy food and never smoke;
-wash the hands before you eat and clean your teeth twice a day, etc.
People all over the world are fond of sport and games. Sport makes people healthy and keeps them
fit. All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming-pools, skating
rinks, football fields.
In general, our people are fond of sport and games, but many of them watch football, hockey and
basketball on TV, lying on a comfortable sofa.
If you want to keep fit you must go in for one kind of sport or another.
Sport, healthy food and absence of bad habits help us to live a healthy life. It can help us to relax and
to keep fit, to make new friends and to plan our life, to develop our mind and body and to be strong.
I. a) What do you think of the title of the text?
b) It is an English proverb. Can you give its Russian equivalent?
c) What do you think this text is about?
d) Let`s remember words, which we`ll use in our discussion about healthy
way of life.
Read two columns of words and then you`ll have to match them to make up
the word combinations: