Дидактический материал "Здоровый образ жизни"


Развитие навыков устной речи на основе текста
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организации целенаправленного управления им, учитывая при этом определенную
пошаговость, логическую и методическую последовательность в постановке заданий.
Тексты для чтения по теме «Здоровый образ жизни» и задания к ним:
Good Health Is Above Wealth
There is a good proverb in English: « Good Health Is Above Wealth».
Health was valued greatly in all times and in all countries.
The ancients said: «A sound mind in a sound body». Therefore we must live a healthy life. A healthy
way of life consists of physical exercises, good plain food, absence of bad habits, such as smoking and
drinking. Our town life today gives us little opportunities for physical exercises and motion. We have
running water and central heating in our flats. We like to sit in a comfortable armchair and watch TV on
our days off. We often forget that fresh air and exercises are good for the health.
We eat much meat and sugar, but not much fruit and vegetables. The problem of food is very important
for the healthy way of life. We may again remember another English proverb: «An apple a day keeps the
doctor away». Doctors always advise us to eat more fruit and vegetables, because there are many vitamins
in them.
Everybody who has bad habits must try to give them up, if he doesn`t want to fall ill. Besides, it is not
very useful to sit up late at night before a TV-set and sleep till noon the next day. And another English
proverb says: «Early to bed, early to rise makes the man healthy, wealthy and wise ».
A person is healthy when he is not ill, when he is free of illness. But if you are ill you have to go to the
doctor immediately. He will listen to your lungs. Then the doctor will take your blood pressure and feel
your pulse. If you have a sore throat, it will be difficult for you to swallow and to breathe.
Perhaps the doctor will ask you to buy the medicine and to stay in bed for some days. If the doctor
prescribes a medicine for you, you should take it regularly. You will drink warm milk and mineral water.
You will recover earlier if you stay in bed.
If you want to keep fit remember some rules:
-get up early and go to bed early;
- take regular exercises;
-take a cold shower every day;
-eat healthy food and never smoke;
-wash the hands before you eat and clean your teeth twice a day, etc.
People all over the world are fond of sport and games. Sport makes people healthy and keeps them
fit. All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming-pools, skating
rinks, football fields.
In general, our people are fond of sport and games, but many of them watch football, hockey and
basketball on TV, lying on a comfortable sofa.
If you want to keep fit you must go in for one kind of sport or another.
Sport, healthy food and absence of bad habits help us to live a healthy life. It can help us to relax and
to keep fit, to make new friends and to plan our life, to develop our mind and body and to be strong.
I. a) What do you think of the title of the text?
b) It is an English proverb. Can you give its Russian equivalent?
c) What do you think this text is about?
d) Let`s remember words, which we`ll use in our discussion about healthy
way of life.
Read two columns of words and then you`ll have to match them to make up
the word combinations:
Physical low fat food
Taking breakfast
Personal activity
Skipping alcohol
Regular drugs
Environmental diet
Health hygiene
Healthy meals
Eating influence
Drinking habits
e) снятие лексических трудностей: to keep fit поддерживать форму
to give up - избавляться от чего-либо
II. a) Read the text to find the main idea.
III. Let`s check your understanding of the text. You`ll have to do the test, if the statements are true
or false:
1. We must live a healthy life.
2. Smoking and drinking are good for our health.
3. The problem of food is not very important.
4. You must eat more vegetables and fruit to be healthy.
5. Nowadays people don`t want to be strong and healthy.
6. Sport, healthy food and absence of bad habits help us to keep fit.
(Key: 1T, 2F, 3F, 4T, 5F, 6T)
IV. a) Answer my questions:
1. Do you agree that «Good Health Is Above Wealth»?
2. What does a healthy way of life consist of?
3. What food must people eat to be healthy? What about you?
4. What bad habits do you know?
5. A person is healthy when he is not ill, isn`t he?
6. How often do you have a cold?
7. What should you do to be strong and healthy?
b) Divide the text into the parts and give them the titles, using the given proverbs from the text.
c) Give the summery of each paragraphs
V. Work in groups: 1.Tell about a healthy way of life.
2. Discuss the problem of healthy way of life.
Vegetarians
A vegetarian is someone who avoids eating the flesh of animals (meat, poultry, or fish, including
shellfish). Most vegetarians will also not eat eggs or cheese or use cosmetics or toiletries made that
contain animal ingredients or are tested on animals. The world «vegetarian», coined around 1842, comes
not from «vegetable» but from the Latin word vegetus meaning «whole, fresh, full of life ».
People are vegetarians for a number of reasons. Some think that it is wrong to keep and kill animals for
use as food and in other products. Others choose to be vegetarians because they believe that the
vegetarian diet is healthier than a diet that includes meat. Indeed , a vegetarian diet fits in very well with
modern medical advice to cut down on fats, salt, and sugar, and to eat more fibre and fresh vegetables.
It is also cheaper than meat. Some people have chosen to be vegetarians for ecological reasons. They say
that it is easier to provide food for all the people on the Earth by growing vegetables for food rather than
raising vegetable-eating animals.
I.a) What do you think this text is about?
b) снятие лексических трудностей: to avoid избегать, уклоняться
fibre клетчатка
religious beliefs религиозные убеждения
II. Read the text and explain the expression «You are what you eat».
III. Do the text to find the right statements (multiple choice)
1.People think that…
a) It is right to keel animals.
b) It is wrong to keep and kill animals.
2. People choose to be vegetarians because…
a) they believe that the vegetarians diet is healthier that a diet that includes meat.
b) they believe that the vegetarians diet isn`t cheaper than a diet that includes meat.
3. Some people are vegetarians because of their…
a) regions beliefs
b) loving to fruits and vegetables.
(Key: 1 b, 2 a, 3 a)
IV. Name the reasons why people become vegetarians, using the expressions in cards:…it is
wrong to keep and kill…, others choose to be vegetarian because…,
a vegetarian diet is …, …of their religious beliefs.
V. Work in pairs. Is it good or bad to be a vegetarian? Why do you think so?
Sport And Health
Sport is very important in our life. It is popular among young and old people.
Many people do morning exercises, jog in the morning, train themselves in clubs, in different sections and
take part in sport competitions.
Other people like sports too, but they only watch sports games, listen to sports news. They prefer
reading interesting stories about sportsmen. But they don't go in for sports.
Physical training is an important subject at school. Pupils have got physical training lessons twice a
week. Boys and girls play volley-ball and basket-ball at the lessons. There is a sports ground near our
school and school-children go in for sports in the open air.
A lot of different competitions are held at schools, a great number of pupils take part in them. All
participants try to get good results and become winners. Sport helps people to keep in good health. If you
go in for sports, you have good health and don't catch cold.
Children and grown-ups must take care of their health and do morning exercises regularly.
There are some popular kinds of sports in our country: football, volley-ball, hockey, gymnastics,
skiing, skating. Athletics is one of the most popular kinds of sports. It includes such kinds of sports as
running, jumping and others. Everybody may choose the sport he (or she) is interested in.
There are summer and winter sports.
My favourite sport is swimming. I go to the swimming-pool twice a week. But I prefer to rest by the
lake or the river and swim there.
My friend Kostya goes in for boxing, He is a good boxer and he is a brave and courageous boy. His
hobby helps him in his everyday life.
a) Some people go in for sports. Others only watch sports games, listen to sports news. What is
better? What do you think of it?
b)Снятие лексических трудностей: jog бегать трусцой
courageous смелый
rude грубый
II. Read the text and find the main reasons why people should go in for sports?
III. Complete the sentences:
1.Many people do…
2.Physical training is an…
3. A lot of different competitions are…
4. Sport helps people…
5. Children and grownups must take care of…
6. Everybody may choose the sport…
7. His hobby helps him…
IV. a) Divide the text into logical parts and name them.
b) Make up the questions to each part.
V. Work in pairs. Make up the dialogues.