Конспект урока "Эта хрупкая планета" 6 класс


Конспект открытого урока английского языка по теме «Эта хрупкая планета» в 6 классе.
(This fragile planet.)
Цель урока: - активизировать ранее изученные лексические единицы по теме;
- развивать мотивацию к дальнейшему овладению английским языком.
Задачи урока: Воспитательная: воспитывать бережное отношение к природе.
Обучающая: способствовать формированию языковой компетенции обучающихся.
Развивающая: Развивать навыки диалогической, монологической речи, способность
работать в коллективе.
Оборудование: ноутбук, презентация к уроку, карточки.
Ход урока:
T: Good morning, friends and our guests! I’m glad to see you. How are you? What’s the date today? Let’s
begin our lesson. They say “Beauty Saves the World.” What makes the world beautiful?
P1(s): Animals, birds, flowers, trees, nature, the sky, the sun, the grass, the wind, love.
T: You are right. So, the theme of our lesson is ecology: this fragile planet. “The world is a fine place and
worth fighting for”, said Ernest Hemingway. We are going to repeat our active vocabulary, the use of
Present Simple Passive Tense, we’ll have a short conference, discuss some environmental problems and try
to find their solutions and at the end of the lesson you will be given the home task and we’ll sing a song.
Are you ready? Let’s begin. We are going to repeat our active vocabulary. Look at the screen and repeat
after me.
an environment, to pollute (pollution), destruction, a shortage, to waste, poison, nuclear power stations,
to survive, acid rain, greenhouse effect, ultraviolet radiation, to cause, population, wildlife, natural
resources, skin cancer, ozone layer, habitat, dangerous, safe.
Translate all these words. Next task is: I’ll give you cards and you are to fill in the suitable words, then we
shall check up. I’ll give you two minutes.
The country is rich in natural …(resources).
We need a … .The water is very dirty. (filter)
Is … radiation dangerous? (ultraviolet)
… waste endangers people’s lives. (Nuclear)
Industrial waste can be … for fish living in the seas. (poison)
It is very good when there is much … in the air. (ozone)
Look at the screen and translate from Russian into English:
жить в условиях города to live in a town environment
решать проблемы окружающей среды to solve the environmental problems
загрязнение водной среды water pollution
загрязнение воздуха air pollution
разрушение, уничтожение живой природы – destruction of wildlife
красота сельского ландшафта countryside beauty
нехватка природных ресурсов shortage of natural resources
промышленные и ядерные отходы industrial and nuclear waste
атомные электростанции nuclear power stations
Now, answer these questions:
What does the environment mean?
What are the most serious environmental problems?
What makes sea water dangerous nowadays?
Why is it dangerous to dump industrial waste in the sea?
Where does air pollution in the cities mostly come from?
Why are nuclear power stations dangerous?
Do you remember how Present Simple Passive Tense is formed?
P: the word to be and Participle II.
T: That’s O.K. The next task is finish the sentences using Present Simple Passive Tense:
We pollute the air. The climate … is changed
We throw away plastic bottles. The nature … is damaged
We leave litter in the forests. The animals… are hurt
We don‘t recycle paper. The trees… are cut down
We break trees. The birds… are disturbed
We plant the trees …
The Earth is saved
T: There is an International Congress in our town. The theme is “The Earth is our Home.” The scientists
from different countries are coming here. Will you introduce yourselves?
P1: Hello. My name is Bill Green. I am a sociologist. I am from Canada, I am the head of the
UNESCO group. I like all living creatures, so I am here.
P2 : Hello, My name is Jessica West. I am from London, from Great Britain. I am a historian by
education, but I study the problems connected with water pollution.
P3: How do you do. My name is Mary Smith. I am a representative of the Green Peace
Organization, I am an ecologist. I am very hard working person, because I like my profession
most of all.
P4: Hello, I am from Russia. My name is Yuliya Makarchuk. I like flowers and animals very much.
So I want to speak about disappearing animals.
P5: My name is Michel Williams. I’m from Great Britain. I think that the problem of garbage and
litter in our cities is very important. I want to discuss this problem. Thank you for your attention.
P6: How do you do. I’m Kate Parker from the USA. Pollution is getting worse and worse. The seas
are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear wastes. Every minute 1 kind of
animals, plants or insect dies out for ever. Air pollution is a very serious problem. It’s high time to
discuss these problems.
P7: Dear friends, my name is Joke Brown. I am from Oxford. I am a representative of the
organization «Green Planet». I am going to discuss the problem of air pollution.
P8: Hello, I’m Kary Grey from Australia. I’m an ecologist. The intensive development of sciences,
industry and chemistry in the 20
th
21
st
century has made the pollution of our environment a
global problem which should be solved by all means. “Modern technology owes ecology an
apology” Alan M. Eddison once said.
P9: Hello, my name is Sally Betley . I’m an ecologist too. I’m from Italy. I’m especially interested in
the problem of disappearing species of animals.
P10: How do you do, my name is … . I’m from China. I’d like to discuss the problem of destruction
of wildlife and the beauty of the countryside. An English critic C. Connolly once said “We create
the world in which we live; if that world becomes unfit for human life, it is because we tire
of our responsibility.”
T: Nice to meet you. Nowadays people understand how important it is to solve the environmental
problems that endanger people’s lives. Let’s discuss the most important of them. Will you tell us
about the situation in your countries and what you do to protect the Nature.
P4: The ecological situation in Russia is different and dangerous. The Caspian Sea, lake Baikal
and other water-bodies are in danger now. It is dangerous to walk barefoot on the banks of our
rivers and lakes because there is a lot of garbage, broken glass, tins, bottles everywhere. Some
people wash their cars, bicycles there. That’s impossible!
The Aral Sea was the fourth largest lake in the world. The former sea bed is now a salt desert. It
was a home to 24 species of fish. The dying Aral Sea has changed the climate of the region. A lot
of people suffer from different diseases. The situation with the Black Sea is also terrible. People
pollute it every day with different wastes. And of cause you how tragic the Chernobyl disaster was.
A lot of territories were polluted by harmful substances. Nuclear pollution cannot be seen but its
effects can be terrible.
T: Are there any questions to …?
- What do you do to make the situation better?
P4: To make air clean again we try to use good filters at nuclear power stations, at factories and
plants and also in cars and buses.
- Do your factories dump chemical wastes into the water?
P4: Some factories and companies dump millions of tons of oil into the sea every year. We can
only imagine how many seabirds and animals, fish die in such water. They can’t live there. In such
places all the birds leave their habitats and a lot of animals die. If people drink this water they can
die too.
P6: In our country there is a big problem with acid rains. When we, the Americans, decided to
clean up the Statue of Liberty in 1986, the first thing we had to do was to make a hole in her nose
and take away the acid rain that had collected inside. The polluted air of New York had mixed with
the rain and damaged the Statue badly. And you certainly know that most of the pollution in big
cities comes from cars and buses. More and more often people are told not to spend to much time
in direct sunlight, because ultraviolet radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer. The ozone
layer in the atmosphere protects us from such radiation, but if there are holes in the ozone layer
radiation can get to the Earth. Many scientists think that holes are the result of air pollution.
- What do you do to improve the situation?
P6: We try to control the plants and companies not to pollute the air. Men are beginning to
understand that their environment is not just their own town or country, but the whole earth. That’s
why we speak so much about ecology.
P3: Can I add something? In America a lot of forests disappeared. It is necessary to plant new
trees. It is necessary to keep balance all over the world. Our towns become bigger and at the
same time our nature goes to ruin. New-York is a big city, not far from it there is a nature reserve.
They wanted to build big shops there. But there were many people who took part in the meeting
protesting against it. They carried coffins with trees in them. People are destroying the rainforests
every day. The trees are cut down and used as building material or fuel. The land on which these
forests grow is being used for homes and factories and roads.
Our former president, Franklin D Roosevelt, said “A nation that destroys its soil destroys itself.
Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people. I agree
with these words.
There is an organization in the USA which is called Greenpeace. Their programme is defending
the trees. We must protect different plants.
P5: Excuse me, may I ask you a question?
P3: Of course.
P5: Air pollution is a great problem. How do the members of Greenpeace fight for realization of
their programme?
P3: Well, there is a problem of air pollution in many cities such as Los Angeles. But the members
of Greenpeace planted more than 1000 trees and now they continue to plant different trees. It is
our practical work. “Nature provides a free lunch, but only if we control our appetites” said William
Ruckelshaus.
P5: Thank you for your answer. I’m a representative of the UK. There are more then 300 nature
centers in Great Britain’s cities and more than 30 are in London. Children visit these centers with
their teachers. They study and enjoy nature. In Britain there are a lot of environmental groups:
“Friends of the Earth”, “Greenpeace”, “London Wildlife Trust”. British children learn a lot about the
Earth at school. There are a lot of ways in which they can help to save the Earth. It’s a very good
example for schoolchildren of all countries of our planet to follow. You can help protect the
environment by learning about and practicing the 3 Rules: REDUCE, RECYCLE and REUSE!
People in England never drop litter in the street. If somebody sees you, you have to pay a fine.
They sort their rubbish: there are special containers for paper, tins, food, white glass, brown glass
and green glass. After that special factories recycle these materials and people reuse them.
P9: Michel, I heard that many people in your country get to work by public transport. Is that right?
P5: Yes, it’s so. A lot of people use public transport. They don’t go by car, because firstly, cars
pollute the atmosphere and secondly, because it's very difficult and expensive to park a car in a
big city.
P9: I would like to discuss the problem of disappearing species of animals. Many animals and birds on the
Earth are disappearing nowadays. Many of them are in danger. Indian tigers and African elephants are
among them. People have hunted and killed many tigers in India and a lot of elephants in Africa. Tigers and
elephants are often dangerous animals. Tigers can kill cows, sheep, other domestic animals, and sometimes
they can also kill men. Some people are afraid of tigers and kill them to save their domestic animals and
their lives. But some people have often hunted tigers for fun and for their beautiful skin. They can easily sell
the skin and get, a lot of money as the prices are high. The result is very sad. There are few Indian
tigers on the Earth now. Many of them are usually old, sick animals. Most tigers don’t hunt people
nowadays, but hide from them in deep, dark forests, or they rather hid there earlier, because there
aren’t many forests for tigers nowadays. People have cut down many trees. And the question is:
“Have those animals got a future? We must protect our animals. “There is no place in nature for
extinction”, said Licretius, Roman poet and philosopher.
P1: I’d like to add something. Some of the animals are disappearing now. 100,000 marine
mammals and nearly a million seabirds die either from getting caught in or eating litter each year.
Many of these creatures are already threatened or endangered species. They are carried into the
Red Book. People don’t hunt these animals because these species are rare. I think governments
should introduce harsher punishments for illegal hunters. People cannot be passive observers.
They must try to do future life better.
T: You are absolutely right. Look at the screen. How beautiful the animals are! You should be kind
to all of them and try not to disturb them.
P10: A lot of animals are very rare, almost extinct. It means that they are dying out because Man
had damaged their homes. You know that a lot of forests are damaged, so these creatures are
endangered. If we, humans, are as careless in future as we have been, very soon we’ll be able to
see these animals only at the zoo, or at the natural history museums. It is not just animals that are
in danger. So are plants. Our land is full of beautiful flowers, plants, trees which grow and blossom
in the meadows, on the banks of the rivers and lakes, in the forests and in our gardens.
P2: To my mind, our possibilities are boundless. But there is hunger, death in the world. We must
save our mankind. There are many organizations fighting for life on the planet. One of them is in
Great Britain. Such famous men as Paul McCartney and Pink Floyd created a musical film
«Mother our Planet». It treats to all mankind to make it green again. It needs in hundreds years
for cleaning water, air and land, for its revival. It has no time. We must hurry.
P7: There are lots of problems with air, soil and water pollution. For example, We know that water
pollution is a great problem not only in our country. A hundred years ago you could catch eatable
fish in rivers like the Thames and the Clyde (Great Britain). Now factories and homes put waste
materials which are poisons into these rivers. Large cities on the Great lakes of the North America
let different wastes flow into the water. These wastes brought down by the rivers are speeding up
the process by which a lake becomes useless for shipping.
P8: I’d like to tell you about the decomposition times of different kinds of rubbish. For example, the
approximate decomposition time of banana peel is 6 moths, of a wool sock 1 year, for plastic
bottles -500 years, for tin cans 100 years and glass doesn’t have decomposition time. We
should all remember about it and try not to throw the litter away, but recycle all the materials. By
the way, the 22
nd
of April is the day of Earth. Our Earth is so beautiful. Nature gives people its
riches to live and enjoy. We cannot live without fresh air, clean water, sunshine and a lot of things,
which we take from the nature. That’s why we must take care of it. We must keep our rivers and
lakes, forests and towns clean. We must plant flowers not to pick them, feed birds and animals
in winter not to kill them. Then we’ll be happy to live on the most beautiful planet in the Universe.
T: The Earth is our home. We must take care of it. How can we keep our environment clean. What
can we do to keep our environment clean? Match the problems and their solutions.
You have cards with the words. You are to create the slogans.
Help to keep all water clean! Don’t harm plants! Protect animals and fish! Plant trees and flowers!
Recycling saves nature!
Let’s stick all these slogans on the blackboard and try to follow them.
Our discussion is over. But I’m sure you’re real friends of our fragile planet. You will try to keep
land, air and water clean, because the Earth is our home.
Write down your homework for the next lesson. Write an essay “Ecological Problems of Our Region”.
Let’s sing a song “We are the world, we are the children” together.