Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India. Her reign was the longest of any monarch in British history
When was Queen Victoria born?
Queen Victoria was born on the 24 May in 1819.
Her father died eight months after she was born.
Where was Queen Victoria born?
Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London.
What name was Victoria christened as?
Victoria was christened 'Alexandrina Victoria'. However, from birth she was formally addressed as Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Kent.
Childhood and School
Victoria's first language was German. At three years old she learnt to speak English and French. Later she learnt to speak Hindustani because she was ruler of India as well.
Victoria didn't go to school. She was taught at home. As well as learning languages, Victoria studied history, geography, and the Bible. She was taught how to play the piano and learned how to paint, a hobby that she enjoyed into her 60s.
When did Victoria become Queen?
Queen Victoria came to the throne when she was only 18 years of age on June 20, 1837. Her coronation was a year later on 28 June 1838.
Who did Queen Victoria marry?
At the age of 21, Victoria married her cousin Albert, a German Prince. They married on the 10th February 1840 at the Chapel Royal in St. James's Palace.
Victoria had nine children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe. Most of Queen Victoria's children married into other royal families of Europe.
Why did Queen Victoria wear black?
Her husband Albert died in 1861 at the young age of 42. She mourned his death for almost 10 years. For the rest of her reign she wore black.
Where did Queen Victoria live?
Queen Victoria had many homes. She lived in Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Osborne House and Balmoral Castle.
Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live in Buckingham Palace.
What hobbies did Queen Victoria have?
Queen Victoria loved singing and she enjoyed painting and drawing. She loved going to the opera.
What was it like living in the Victorian times?
There was no electricity, instead gas lamps or candles were used for light.
There were no cars. People either walked, travelled by boat or train or used coach horses to move from place to place.
How did Britain change during her reign?
Britain became the most powerful country in the world, with the largest empire.
The number of people living in Britain more than doubled.
Factories and machines were built and new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.
Railways were built and people could travel easily around the country for the first time.
Did you know?
Queen Victoria was 1.52 m tall
Queen Victoria's family nickname was 'Drina‘
Victoria was known as the "Grandmother of Europe" because many of her children and grandchildren married into the royal families of other European countries
What was it like for children living in Victorian times?
It all depended on their family…
Children from working class families ate poor food, worked long hours, lived in terrible conditions, died of diseases
Children from rich families
Ate healthy food
Had clean and good clothes
Didn’t need to work
Went on holidays
Had expensive toys
At the age of 5 or 6 children started to work
Children worked very long hours with little breaks and no fresh air
They often worked in dangerous conditions
They were paid very little
In some poor families mothers had to sell their children
Where did children work?
As chimney sweepers
In coal mines
In the streets
Schools during the Victorian Times
Schools were not free until 1891
Children from rich families were taught at home by a governess until they were 10 years old. Then boys went away to Public schools like Eton or Harrow. There were very few schools available for girls. Wealthy girls were mostly educated at home.
Where did poor children go to school?
Poor children went to free charity schools or 'Dame' schools (so called because they were run by women) for young children. They also went to Sunday Schools which were run by churches. There they learnt bible stories and were taught to read a little.
What were the schools like?
There could be as many as 70 or 80 pupils in one class, especially in cities. The teachers were very strict.
In many Victorian schools pupil-teachers helped with the teaching. The pupil-teachers were boys and girls of 13 and over. After five years they could themselves become teachers.
What did the schools teach?
Typical lessons at school included the three Rs - Reading, WRiting and Dictation, and ARithmetic. In addition to the three Rs which were taught most of the day, once a week the children learned geography, history and singing. The girls learned how to sew.
What was a Victorian school day like?
The day usually began with prayers and religious instruction. Morning lessons ran from 9a.m. to 12p.m. Children often went home for a meal, then returned for afternoon classes from 2p.m. to 5p.m.
Why did Victorian children write on slates?
Paper was expensive. Children usually wrote on slates with slate pencils. After a lesson was completed, and the teacher checked their work, the students cleared their slates for the next lesson.