Конспект урока "The complete history of cinematography" 11 класс


Английский язык.
11 класс
Тема урока: «The complete history of cinematography»
Цели урока:
1. Знакомство с историей возникновения кинематографа за рубежом.
2. Развитие способности к анализу, синтезу и классификации.
3. Развитие познавательной и коммуникативной деятельности учащихся.
4. Обучение ознакомительному виду чтения с кратким изложением
содержания текста.
5. Воспитание чувства сопричастности к мировой истории, памятникам
искусства.
Материалы, используемые при подготовке к уроку:
1. Интернет-ресурсы сайтов:
http:// www.peoples.ru
http:// www.hyper history.com/
http:// www.informika.ru/windows/
http:// www.rin.ru/
2. Материалы учебника «English 10-11» под редакцией Кузовлева В.П.
3. материалы учебного пособия «Английский язык» под редакцией
Брюсова Н.Г. и Лебедева Н.А.
Оснащение урока и материалы, используемые на уроке:
1. Компьютерный класс.
2. Отдельные страницы сайтов, скаченных и размещенных специальными
программными средствами в так называемый, школьный Интернет*
котором учащиеся могут работать в режиме off-line).
3. Слайд лекции.
4. Компьютерная презентация материала урока.
*Школьный Интернет
- избавляет от потери времени при загрузке сайтов, так как связь, к
сожалению, не прочная и не быстрая (рисунки, фотографии долго
загружаются)
- выгоднее экономически
- учитель может более качественно подготовиться к уроку, неоднократно
просматривая материал из Интернета
- у учащихся появляется интерес к работе в сети Интернет дома, поиска
интересной информации.
Ход урока.
1. Организационный момент.
Good morning. Today we have an unusual lesson. I would like to call your
attention to some information about the history of cinematography. That is why
the theme of our lesson is “The complete history of cinematography”.
The aim of our lesson is to get to know more about cinematography using
school Internet.
2. Речевая разминка.
Т: Do you know the name of the first film?
P: “Arrival of the train” (демонстрация слайда)
T: And do you know the author of it?
P: The Lumiere brother. (Демонстрация слайда)
T: When was the first demonstration of the film?
P: 1895
T: What was it about?
P: Train came towards the camera.
3. Получение новых знаний.
T: Cinematograph is one of the wonders of the modern world. We can not
imagine our everyday life without TV. Every day, every single evening most of
people watch TV. You can watch whatever you would like: news, shows, films or
anything else. There are so many different films and shows, but not everyone
knows about the history of cinematograph.
This subject has a rich history attached to it. In order to understand the full
discovery and development of moving pictures we must study the various elements
of all elements which are related to cinematography and photography.
We have some texts. Most of them are published on the:
http:// www.peoples.ru
http:// www.hyper history.com/
http:// www.informika.ru/windows/
http:// www.rin.ru/
Look at the board and tell me please “Do you know the next terms?”
Слайд
Motion pictures
Pinhole images
Camera obscura
The Magic lantern
Phantasmagoria
Persistence of Vision
Photography
Zoopraxiscope
Cinematograph
Read texts from the folder “The complete history of cinematography and
find the definitions of them.
4. Самостоятельная работа учащихся.
Учащиеся работают со школьным Интернетом в режиме off-line.
5. Беседа по итогам самостоятельной работы.
Учащиеся дают определения терминам. После их выступлений постепенно
появляются слайды с изображением изобретений.
Motion pictures - Motion pictures came to be as the result of numerous
other inventions. A large segment of the discoverers came from the new field of
photography. Many more came from those who worked with magic lanterns. Some
were interested in projecting images, and then others studied how images could be
recorded on different materials such as leather and paper. But these were not the
only men interested in watching real-life motion unfold before their eyes.
Pinhole images - Pinhole cameras are small or large, improvised or
designed with great care. Cameras have been made of sea shells; many have been
made of oatmeal boxes, coke cans or any size of box. Cameras have been cast in
plaster like a face mask, constructed from beautiful hardwoods, built of metal with
bellows and a range of multiple pinholes. Even cars have been used as pinhole
cameras and rooms in large buildings. In fact the camera obscura effect (pinhole
images seen within a camera) was first seen inside large rooms. The showman
Villanova performed scenes outside a room which had a small hole in one wall.
Patrons sat inside and watched "cinema". The accompanying sounds heard outside
matched the scenes viewed inside!
Camera obscura - For three centuries alone, a fundamental piece of
equipment, the camera obscura, had been known to man (not to mention pinhole
images which pre-date the camera obscura and were the actual effect). A great new
toy of sophistication and delight, but it had little to offer in the way of long-lasting
enjoyment. It eventually found its place in history but not before being used as a
simple drawing aid.
The Magic lantern - The Magic Lantern is an ancient projector originally
illuminated by candles and oil lamps. Considered to be black magic, sorcery and
witchcraft when originally developed during medieval times, its inventors were at
times considered sorcerers to achieve the effects created by projecting images on a
screen.
Phantasmagoria - The Phantasmagoria shows were often held in old run-
down monasteries and chapels to add to the effect. The dark and somber
surroundings were ideal for special effects much like those created through Dolby
surround sound and darkened theatres of today. Showmen used waxed sheets to
catch images from "moving" lanterns on wheels and smoky rooms allowed images
to float and "hang" in the air.
Persistence of Vision - the phenomenon of the backwards wheel in forward
motion, touching upon persistence of vision. Our retina at the back of the eye
retains an image for approximately 1/14 of a second longer than the eye actually
sees it. This explains why you don't see blackness when we blink. When we see a
film,
Photography - One of the most important constituents in the discovery of
motion pictures was the photograph. Like almost all other discoveries throughout
time, photography was the result of accumulated technical knowledge covering a
period of no less than three hundred years. In fact, just like the pinhole image
effect preceded the camera obscura's construction, so did the knowledge of light-
sensitive substances precede the actual harnessing of the fixed image through the
photograph. The effect of light on silver compounds had been known for almost
one hundred years itself, dating back to 1727 when it was discovered that silver
halides turned black when exposed to the sun. But the photograph by itself would
have to wait patiently until the coming of celluloid before re-created motion could
be achieved.
Zoopraxiscope - This device produced an illusion of movement by allowing
the viewer to gaze at a rotating disk containing small windows, behind which was
another disk containing a sequence of images. When the disks were rotated at the
correct speed, the synchronization of the windows with the images created an
animated effect.
Cinematograph - the illusion of movement by projecting in rapid fashion,
many still pictures. Also known as motion pictures, movies or moving pictures,
cinematography is a product of nineteenth century ingenuity and experimentation.
6. Повторение изученного материала.
Thank you for your good job. As you know the first genres of American
films were melodrama, western and comedy, later appeared adventure and
historical films. We have talked a lot about it and now let
s check your knowledge.
Тестирование учащихся по ранее изученной теме (тест на слайдах).
Test.
1. A film with military fights or fightings.
a) western
b) action film
c) cinema
2. A film that tells a very exciting story, especially of crime and violence.
a) cartoon
b) horror film
c) thriller
3. A film based on stories about imaginary developments in science and
their effect on life.
a) thriller
b) science fiction
c) action film
4. A film made by photographing a set of drawings.
a) cartoon
b) musical
c) horror film
5. A film with songs and often dances.
a) comedy
b) musical
c) cartoon
6. A film about life in the west of the USA in the past.
a) thriller
b) action film
c) western
7. A type of funny film in which the story and characters are amusing and
which ends happily.
a) cartoon
b) comedy
c) musical
8. A film in which strange and fearful things happen.
a) science fiction
b) thriller
c) horror film
9. A film with no sound.
a) western
b) silent film
c) cartoon
(Учащиеся выполняют работу, а компьютер оценивает ее результаты)
7. Коммуникативная деятельность учащихся.
Your results are not bad. I believe that you will easily do the next task. I shall
show you some fragments of different films and your task is to determine the genre
of them. Besides you are to prove your choice.
чащимся демонстрируются фрагменты фильмов различных жанров. Их
задача – определить жанр и подтвердить правильность своего выбора).
8. Домашнее задание.
Your home task is to find the information about the history of Russian
cinematography.
9. Подведение итогов.