Презентация "Неличные формы глаголов (Инфинитив)" 10 класс


Подписи к слайдам:
Infinitive

  • Неличные формы глаголов (Инфинитив) 10-11 класс
  • Выполнила:
  • Безродных Ирина Фёдоровна,
  • учитель английского языка,
  • I категория

  • Verb

  •   
  • Active
  • Passive
  • Simple
  • (to) write
  • (to) be written
  • Continuous
  • (to) be writing
  • Perfect
  • (to) have written
  • (to) have been written
  • Perfect Continuous
  • (to) have been writing
  • Bare Infinitive
  • Full Infinitive
  • write
  • to write

Meaning

  • Present Infinitive – refers the action to present or future
  • Present Continuous Infinitive – an action happening now
  • Perfect Infinitive – refers the action to the past and shows that the action of the infinitive happened before the action of the verb
  • Perfect Continuous Infinitive – refers to the past and emphasizes the duration of the action of the infinitive, which happened before the action of the verb
  • (After the verbs: seem, believe, know, appear, claim, expect and modal verbs)

BARE INFINITIVE

  • After auxiliary verbs: do, shall, did
  • After modal verbs: must, can, may, should, shall etc.
  • (Exception: have to, be to, ought to, be able to, manage to etc.)
  • After modal phrases with can’t but
  • Would rather, had better, would sooner
  • Questions with Why not …
  • In Complex Object after the verbs of sense perception: see, hear, watch, feel, notice, etc.
  • I don’t smoke.
  • You may come in.
  • They have to do it.
  • He couldn’t but smile.
  • I’d rather walk after dinner.
  • Why not go there?
  • I heard him open the door.

COMPLEX OBJECT

  • 1
  • After verbs of sense perception:
  • see feel hear watch observe notice etc.
  • Non-perfect, common, active infinitives
  • see, notice =(realize)
  • hear =(learn)
  • No one has ever heard her cry.
  • He was listening attentively to the chairman speak.
  • 2
  • After the verbs of mental activity:
  • think believe consider expect understand suppose find and some others
  • I know him to be an honest man.
  • 3
  • After verbs of emotions:
  • like love hate dislike and some others
  • I always liked him to sing.
  • 4
  • After verbs of wish and intention
  • want wish desire intend mean and some others
  • He only wished you to be near him.
  • 5
  • After verbs of declaring:
  • declare report announce etc.
  • He reported the boat to have been seen not far away.
  • 6
  • After verbs of inducement:
  • have make get order tell ask etc.
  • I can’t get him to do it properly.
  • She made me obey her.
  • 7
  • After verbs requiring a prepositional object:
  • count (up)on rely (up)on look for listen to wait for
  • I rely on you to come in time.

  • 1
  • Subject
  • It was difficult for me to do anything else.
  • For me to hear him was disturbing.
  • 2
  • Predicative (mostly with to be)
  • The best thing is for you to do it now.
  • 3
  • Object (of verbs and adjectives)
  • She watched for the door to open.
  • His family were anxious for him to do something.
  • 4
  • Attribute
  • There was no need for him to be economical.
  • 5
  • Adverbial modifier of purpose and consequence
  • She paused for him to continue.
  • The wall was too high for anything to be visible.
  • The For – to – Infinitive Construction

The Complex Subject

  • The construction has no analogy in Russian.
  • The three subtypes of this predicate can be distinguished according to the expression of the first part:
  • 1
  • 1) intransitive verbs (active voice)
  • seem chance appear happen
  • prove/ turn out + be + noun / adjective
  • He seems to be smiling.
  • 2
  • 2)passive voice of some transitive
  • a) verbs of saying:
  • announce declare report say state
  • b) verbs of mental activity:
  • believe consider expect find know mean presume regard suppose think understand
  • c) verbs of sense perception:
  • feel hear see watch
  • d) to make
  • She was announced to be the winner.
  • She was announced to be the winner.
  • She is believed to be a clever girl.
  • Soon he was heard to open the front door.
  • He was made to keep silence.
  • 3
  • 3) the first part is expressed by phrase:
  • be likely, be unlikely, be sure, be certain
  • Non-perfect infinitives only!
  • She is likely to be late.

  • Insert particle to where necessary.
  • I’d like ___ dance.
  • She made me ___ repeat my words several times.
  • I saw him _____ enter the room.
  • She didn’t let her mother ____ go away.
  • Do you like ___ listen to good music?
  • Would you like ___ listen to good music?
  • That funny scene made me ____laugh.
  • I like ___ play the guitar.
  • My brother can ___ speak French.
  • We had ___ put on our overcoats because it was cold.
  • They wanted ___ cross the river.
  • It’s high time for you ­­­___ go to bed.
  • May I use your phone?
  • They heard the girl ___ cry out with joy.
  • I would rather _____ stay at home.
  • He didn’t want ___ play in the yard any more.
  • Would you like ___ go to Great Britain?
  • You look tired. You’d better ___ go home.
  • He wanted ___ speak to Nick, but he couldn’t find his phone number.
  • It is time ___ get up.
  • Let me ___ help you with your homework.
  • I was planning ___ do a lot of things yesterday.
  • I’d like ___ speak to you.
  • I think I shall be able ___ solve this problem.
  • What makes you ___ think you are right?

  • Insert particle to where necessary.
  • I’d like _to__ dance.
  • She made me ___ repeat my words several times.
  • I saw him _____ enter the room.
  • She didn’t let her mother ____ go away.
  • Do you like _to__ listen to good music?
  • Would you like _to__ listen to good music?
  • That funny scene made me ____laugh.
  • I like _to__ play the guitar.
  • My brother can ___ speak French.
  • We had _to__ put on our overcoats because it was cold.
  • They wanted _to__ cross the river.
  • It’s high time for you _to__ go to bed.
  • May I _____use your phone?
  • They heard the girl ___ cry out with joy.
  • I would rather _____ stay at home.
  • He didn’t want _to__ play in the yard any more.
  • Would you like _to__ go to Great Britain?
  • You look tired. You’d better ___ go home.
  • He wanted _to__ speak to Nick, but he couldn’t find his phone number.
  • It is time _to__ get up.
  • Let me ___ help you with your homework.
  • I was planning _to__ do a lot of things yesterday.
  • I’d like _to__ speak to you.
  • I think I shall be able _to__ solve this problem.
  • What makes you ___ think you are right?

  • Example: “Don’t touch anything,” the man said to me.
  • The man told me not to touch anything.
  • “Don’t forget to post the letter”, Jack said to me. (remind)
  • She told me that it would be best if I told the police about the accident.(advise)
  • I told that you shouldn’t tell him anything. (warn)
  • I was surprised that it rained. (not, expect)
  • “Would you like to have dinner with me?” (invite)
  • At first I didn’t want to play tennis but John persuaded me. (persuade)
  • The sudden noise caused me to jump. (make)
  • If you’ve got a car, you are able to travel around more easily. (Having a car enables …)
  • She wouldn’t allow me to read the letter. (let)
  • The officer told the soldiers that they should clean their guns. (order)
  • I hate it when you forget about your duties.
  • The teacher doesn’t like it when we are not ready for a lesson.
  • The grandmother likes it when Lena plays the piano.
  • My father likes it when I speak English.
  • Parents love it when children laugh.
  • My sister doesn’t like when I argue with her.
  • She hates it when I’m late.
  • She hates it when children break their toys.
  • I like it when my brother reads books.
  • My parents don’t like it when I spend a lot of time on the computer.

  • Example: “Don’t touch anything,” the man said to me.
  • The man told me not to touch anything.
  • Jack reminded me not to forget to post the letter.
  • She advised me to tell the police about the accident.
  • I warned you not to tell him anything.
  • I didn’t expect it to rain.
  • He invited me to have dinner with him.
  • John persuaded me to play tennis.
  • The sudden noise made me jump.
  • Having a car enables you to travel around more easily.
  • She wouldn’t let me read the letter.
  • The officer ordered the soldiers to clean their guns.
  • I hate you to forget about your duties.
  • The teacher doesn’t like us not to be not ready for a lesson.
  • The grandmother likes Lena to play the piano.
  • My father likes me to speak English.
  • Parents love their children to laugh.
  • My sister doesn’t like me to argue with her.
  • She hates me to be late.
  • She hates the children to break their toys.
  • I like my brother to read books.
  • My parents don’t like me to spend a lot of time on the computer.

  • Example: He was reading in the garden. She saw him.
  • She saw him reading in the garden.
  • We noticed a man. The man was cleaning his shoes.
  • He saw two girls. They were dancing on the stage.
  • The boy noticed a bird. It flew on the bush near the window.
  • I noticed that Henry went up and spoke to the stranger.
  • The cat was rubbing itself on my leg. I felt it.
  • They were fishing. I saw it.
  • He closed the door of the room. I heard it.
  • She saw that Mike opened the door and left the room.
  • You and your friend were walking along the street yesterday. I saw you.
  • The ship left the port. I saw it.

  • Example: He was reading in the garden. She saw him.
  • She saw him reading in the garden.
  • We noticed a man cleaning his shoes.
  • He saw two girls dancing on the stage.
  • The boy noticed a bird fly on the bush near the window.
  • I noticed Henry go up and speak to the stranger.
  • I felt the cat rubbing itself on my leg.
  • I saw them fishing.
  • I heard him close the door.
  • She saw Mike open the door and leave the room.
  • I saw you and your friend walking along the street yesterday.
  • I saw it the ship leave the port.

  • Advise recommend encourage allow permit
  •  
  • Verb + Ving (without an object) Verb + Object + to + Infinitive
  • He doesn’t allow smoking in his house. He doesn’t allow anyone to smoke in his house.
  • Use infinitive or Ving
  • Mr. Thomas doesn’t let anyone (smoke) in the office.
  • I don’t like Jack but I’d like (meet) him.
  • Where would you recommend me (go) for my holidays?
  • I don’t recommend (eat) in that restaurant. The food is awful.
  • The film was very sad. It made me (cry).
  • Jack’s parents have always encouraged him (study) hard.
  • We were kept at the police station for an hour and then allowed (go).
  • The man advised us (visit) the Museum of Natural History.
  • The waiter advised (try) their special dish.
  • His parents didn’t permit (work) on the computer a lot.

  • Use infinitive or Ving
  • Mr. Thomas doesn’t let anyone to smoke in the office.
  • I don’t like Jack but I’d like to meet him.
  • Where would you recommend me to go for my holidays?
  • I don’t recommend eating in that restaurant. The food is awful.
  • The film was very sad. It made me cry.
  • Jack’s parents have always encouraged him to study hard.
  • We were kept at the police station for an hour and then allowed going.
  • The man advised us to visit the Museum of Natural History.
  • The waiter advised trying their special dish.
  • His parents didn’t permit working on the computer a lot.

  • Example: I want the work to be done. = I want the work done.
  • Она хочет, чтобы эту песню пели как можно чаще.
  • Он хотел, чтобы его картины видели во всех странах.
  • Ребёнок хотел, чтобы его мишку положили к нему в постель.
  • Она хотела, чтобы её тест проверили сразу же.
  • Я не хочу, чтобы платье порвали.
  • Он не хотел, чтобы ему стригли волосы.
  • Я хочу, чтобы эту статью напечатали в завтрашней газете.
  • Мальчик хотел, чтобы его велосипед привезли с дачи.
  • Он не хотел, чтобы его вещи трогали.
  • Он хотел, чтобы траву на лужайке подстригли.
  • Translate into Russian:
  • They had some dinner brought.
  • She had the children looked after in the evening when she went out.
  • I must have these shoes mended.
  • I shall have my son taught.
  • The planters had the trees in the jungle cut down.
  • I shall have your taxi kept at the door.
  • I have just had my photo taken and thought you might like to get one.
  • I meant to have this dress altered but I never did.
  • Have this carpet spread on the floor.
  • She has had no photographs of herself taken since her childhood.

  • Example: I want the work to be done. = I want the work done.
  • She wants this song sung as often as possible.
  • He wanted his pictures seen in all the countries.
  • The child wanted his teddy bear put into his bed.
  • She wanted her test checked at once.
  • I don’t want the dress torn.
  • He didn’t want his hair cut.
  • I want this article published in tomorrow’s paper.
  • The boy wanted his bike brought from the country house.
  • He didn’t want his things touched.
  • He wanted the grass on the lawn cut.
  • Translate into Russian:
  • Им принесли обед.
  • Когда она уходила вечером, за ее детьми кто-нибудь присматривал.
  • Мне нужно отдать эти туфли починить.
  • Моего сына будут учить.
  • Деревья в джунглях вырубили для плантаторов.
  • Я скажу чтобы такси подождало тебя возле двери.
  • Я сфотографировался и подумал ты захочешь взять одно фото.
  • У меня было намерение перешить это платье, но я так и не сделала это.
  • Расстелите эти ковры на полу.
  • Она не фотографировалась с детства.

  • Exercise Complete the sentences. Use the words in brackets.
  • Your hair is too long. I think you should ___________ (cut / it).
  • How often ____________ (you / your car / fix)?
  • The engine in Tom’s car couldn’t be repaired, so he had to _______ (a new engine / fit).
  • ___________ (you / your newspaper/ deliver) or do you go to the shop yourself to buy it?
  • A: What are those workmen doing in your garden?
  • B: Oh, _______ (a swimming pool /build).
  • 6. A: Can I see those holiday photographs you took?
  • B: I’m afraid not. I _________ (not / the film / develop) yet.
  • 7. Is it true that many years ago he ________ (his portrait / paint) by a famous artist?
  • 8. Tom thinks his eyesight is getting worse. He is going to the optician _____ (check)?
  • 9. Sue is at the hairdresser’s at the moment. Sue is having _______ (cut).
  • 10. Ann’s watch was broken, so she took it to a jeweler’s. Now it’s working again. Ann has ____ (repair). 

  • Exercise Complete the sentences. Use the words in brackets.
  • Your hair is too long. I think you should have it cut.
  • How often do you have your car fixed ?
  • The engine in Tom’s car couldn’t be repaired, so he had to have a new engine fit.
  • Do you have your newspaper delivered or do you go to the shop yourself to buy it?
  • A: What are those workmen doing in your garden?
  • B: Oh, I am having a swimming pool built.
  • 6. A: Can I see those holiday photographs you took?
  • B: I’m afraid not. I haven’t had the film developed yet.
  • 7. Is it true that many years ago he had his portrait painted by a famous artist?
  • 8. Tom thinks his eyesight is getting worse. He is going to the optician to have his eyes checked?
  • 9. Sue is at the hairdresser’s at the moment. Sue is having her hair cut.
  • 10. Ann’s watch was broken, so she took it to a jeweler’s. Now it’s working again. Ann has had it repaired

  • Infinitive with modal verbs
  • Positive deductions:
  • Must + present infinitive (present / future)
  • Must + perfect infinitive (past)
  • May, might, could – possibility (It is possible / perhaps)
  • May, might, could + present infinitive (present / future)
  • May, might, could + perfect infinitive (past)
  • They must be happy. They’ve won the
  • prize.
  • He must have been on holiday. He’s very brown.
  • Megan may bake a cake on Sunday.
  • Tom might have forgotten your phone number.
  • Should –
  • May –
  • Might -
  • there is a reasonable possibility (but it’s not
  • very certain)
  • there is a reasonable possibility
  • there is a reasonable possibility (but not a very strong one)
  • Negative deductions
  • (I’m sure you aren’t):
    • Can’t + present infinitive (present / future)
    • Can’t + perfect infinitive (past)
  • She can’t be a nurse. She works for a law firm.
  • She can’t have cooked the meal. She hates cooking.

  • Fill in the correct form of the infinitive
  • 1. Kelly’s hair looks fantastic. She must have dyed it.
  • 2. Dave can’t _________ (be) at home. He’s still on holiday.
  • 3. I saw James leave the burning building. He can’t ______ (be) the person who started the fire.
  • 4. Jill can’t (invite) Fiona to yesterday’s party. It must (be) somebody else.
  • 5. They must (leave) have left together as I saw them get into the same car.
  • 6. It may (rain) this morning as it’s very cloudy.
  • 7. I went to Sam’s house but nobody was there. He must (go) to the office.
  • 8. Look! The door is unlocked. Susan might (forget) to lock it.
  • 9. She can’t (take) an aspirin. She still has a headache.
  • 10. She must ____ (arrive) at the office by now.
  • 11. They can’t _____ (live) in a flat. They own a house.
  • 12. She must _____ (be) very successful. She’s on the cover of three magazines this month.
  • 13. He looks sad. He must _____ (have) some bad news.
  • 14. Lilian can’t _____ (finish) her homework. She only started it ten minutes ago.
  • 15. The house could _____ (burn down) if the fire brigade hadn’t arrived on time.
  • 16. He must _____ (hurt) his leg. He’s limping.
  • 17. Lynn can’t _____ (be) at home. She ‘s gone shopping.
  • 18. Julie wasn’t at home this morning. She might ____ (go) to the dentist’s.
  • 19. I can’t ________(find) my ring. I must ________ (lose) it somewhere.
  • 20. She speaks good English. She might __________(practise) it in Britain for some time.

  • A. Simple or Continuous:
  • 1. There is no light in the house. They must (sleep).
  • 2. His task was (stay) in the doorway and not let anyone (come) in.
  • 3. She sat expecting the telephone (ring).
  • 4. He seems (read) a lot. He knows a lot of interesting facts.
  • 5. Helen wants (take) her daughter to the concert.
  • 6. Where is John? – He must (be) in the yard. He may (play) football.
  • 7. He seemed (not, notice) what was going on.
  • 8. It’s pleasant (deal) with her.
  • 9. The text is difficult (translate).
  • 10. They seemed (read) attentively and (not, notice) me come in.
  • B. Simple or Perfect:
  • 1. I was given a free choice whether (cooperate) or not.
  • 2. The workers are unlikely (finish) the work in time. There is so much to do.
  • 3. It is so kind of you (inform) me of the meeting.
  • 4. The boy seemed (be) at this place before.
  • 5. You’d better (forget) about this accident.
  • 6. I’m sorry (leave) your book at home. I’ll bring it tomorrow.
  • 7. They are unlikely (return) from the trip. There is no car in front of the house.
  • 8. She was sorry (not, take) her camera with her. She would have taken some nice photos.
  • 9. The weather seems (change) for the worse. It’s getting cloudy and windy.
  • 10. I seemed (heard) about it before.

  • A. Simple or Continuous:
  • 1. There is no light in the house. They must be sleeping.
  • 2. His task was to stay in the doorway and not let anyone come in.
  • 3. She sat expecting the telephone to ring.
  • 4. He seems to read a lot. He knows a lot of interesting facts.
  • 5. Helen wants to take her daughter to the concert.
  • 6. Where is John? – He must be in the yard. He may be playing football.
  • 7. He didn’t seem to notice what was going on.
  • 8. It’s pleasant to deal with her.
  • 9. The text is difficult to translate.
  • 10. They seemed be reading attentively and not to notice) me come in.
  • B. Simple or Perfect:
  • 1. I was given a free choice whether to cooperate or not.
  • 2. The workers are unlikely to finish the work in time. There is so much to do.
  • 3. It is so kind of you to inform me of the meeting.
  • 4. The boy seemed to have been at this place before.
  • 5. You’d better forget about this accident.
  • 6. I’m sorry to have left your book at home. I’ll bring it tomorrow.
  • 7. They are unlikely to return from the trip so soon.
  • 8. She was sorry not to have taken her camera with her. She would have taken some nice photos.
  • 9. The weather seems to have changed for the worse. It’s getting cloudy and windy.
  • 10. I seemed to have heard about it before.

  • We are too late. They can’t (wait) for us.
  • Where is Jane? She must (be) in the kitchen. She may (wash) up.
  • She is happy (sleep) and (not, hear) what we are talking about.
  • He was so lucky (make) a trip to London. He brought a lot of nice pictures.
  • Strange enough but I seem (see) that face before.
  • You’d better (call) her tomorrow morning. She must (sleep) now.
  • I’m sorry (disturb) you, but the matter is urgent.
  • They make such a noise, they must (argue) about something.
  • She looks sad. She must (get) some bad news.
  • He can (work) without break for hours, but can he (work) now?
  • There is no use going to the office. He can’t (work) at this time. He must (drive) home now.
  • It can’t (be) Mike’s test. There are too many mistakes in it.
  • It’s very quiet in the classroom. The pupils must (write) a test.
  • She speaks good English. She might (practise) it in Britain for some time.
  • Delicious smells are coming from the kitchen. Mother must (cook) something tasty for dinner.
  • Somebody is singing in the bathroom. It’s probably, Mary. She seems (enjoy) singing in the bathroom. She must (take) a shower.
  • What’s the matter? You don’t seem (look) happy. – I can’t (find) my ring. I must (lose) it somewhere.
  • Meg looks sad. She can’t (get) a good mark for her test.
  • She can’t (invite) Jane to yesterday’s party. They hardly talk to each other. Somebody else must (do) it.
  • She is not at home at the moment. She may (go) shopping.

  • We are too late. They can’t be waiting for us.
  • Where is Jane? She must be in the kitchen. She may be washing up.
  • She is happy to be sleeping and not to hear what we are talking about.
  • He was so lucky to have made a trip to London. He brought a lot of nice pictures.
  • Strange enough but I seem to have seen that face before.
  • You’d better call her tomorrow morning. She must be sleeping now.
  • I’m sorry to disturb you, but the matter is urgent.
  • They make such a noise, they must be arguing about something.
  • She looks sad. She must have got some bad news.
  • He can work without break for hours, but can he be working now?
  • There is no use going to the office. He can’t be working at this time. He must be driving home now.
  • It can’t be Mike’s test. There are too many mistakes in it.
  • It’s very quiet in the classroom. The pupils must be writing a test.
  • She speaks good English. She might have been practising it in Britain for some time.
  • Delicious smells are coming from the kitchen. Mother must be cooking something tasty for dinner.
  • Somebody is singing in the bathroom. It’s probably, Mary. She seems to enjoy singing in the bathroom. She must be taking a shower.
  • What’s the matter? You don’t seem to look happy. – I can’t find my keys. I must have lost them somewhere.
  • Meg looks sad. She can’t have got a good mark for her test.
  • She can’t have invited Jane to yesterday’s party. They hardly talk to each other. Somebody else must have done it.
  • She is not at home at the moment. She may have gone shopping.

  • D. Active or Passive:
  • 1. Disney Land is a nice place (bring) the children.
  • 2. Which is better: (love) or (love)?
  • 3. The boy didn’t like (scold) for his misbehavior.
  • 4. I d like (help) you, but I can’t (do) it unless I am told all the truth.
  • 5. She was surprised (get) the present.
  • 6. He was upset (tell) not to come there again.
  • 7. The ground seemed (cover) with thick snow.
  • 8. The work had (finish) before Sunday afternoon was over.
  • 9. If you wish (forget) anything on the spot, make a note that this thing is (remember).
  • 10. He expected (meet) by his friends at the station.
  • D. Simple Passive or Perfect Passive:
  • 1. The lady wanted (leave) alone.
  • 2. He is so happy (win) the competition.
  • 3. We were lucky (show) so many sights within one day.
  • 4. This chance is not (miss).
  • 5. The accident seems (forget).
  • 6. I’m sure (ask) this question at the exam.
  • 7. Susan is fortunate (give) a scholarship last month.
  • 8. The matter is too serious (discuss) now.
  • 9. They seemed (disappear) for ever.
  • 10. These flowers are (water) every other day.

  • D. Active or Passive:
  • 1. Disney Land is a nice place to bring the children.
  • 2. Which is better: to love or to be loved?
  • 3. The boy didn’t like to be scolded for his misbehavior.
  • 4. I d like to help you, but I can’t do it unless I am told all the truth.
  • 5. She was surprised to get the present.
  • 6. He was upset to be told not to come there again.
  • 7. The ground seemed to be covered with thick snow.
  • 8. The work had to be finished before Sunday afternoon was over.
  • 9. If you wish to forget anything on the spot, make a note that this thing is to be remembered.
  • 10. He expected to be met by his friends at the station.
  • D. Simple Passive or Perfect Passive:
  • 1. The lady wanted to be left alone.
  • 2. He is so happy to have won the competition.
  • 3. We were lucky to have been shown so many sights within one day.
  • 4. This chance is not to be missed.
  • 5. The accident seems to have been forgotten.
  • 6. I’m sure to be asked this question at the exam.
  • 7. Susan is fortunate to have been given a scholarship last month.
  • 8. The matter is too serious to be discussed now.
  • 9. They seemed to have disappeared for ever.
  • 10. These flowers are to be watered every other day.

  • He seems (read) a lot.
  • He seems (read) now.
  • He seems (read) since morning.
  • He seems (read)all the books in the library.
  • I meant (buy) this book, but I couldn’t (find) it.
  • I’d rather (come) early than (be) late.
  • He wanted his son (educate) at a public school.
  • We asked the driver (give) us a lift, but he happened (go) to a different place.
  • If you don’t want your holiday (spoil), remember (take) an umbrella and a raincoat with you.
  • The horse can (bring) to the water, but it can’t (make) (drink) it.
  • This is the end of the street, we seem (miss) the house.
  • It was so kind of them (prepare) everything before our arrival.
  • He is the only one (give) up smoking.
  • She wanted (praise) and (admire).
  • The British Museum is too big (see) in one hour.
  • He decided (become) a writer not (earn) money, he wanted (read) and (remember).
  • The man pretended (read) a newspaper and not (notice) us.
  • I’m sorry (upset) you. I didn’t mean (hurt) you at all.
  • He is too young (appoint) President of the Company.
  • Are you happy (follow) your mother’s advice?

  • He seems to read a lot.
  • He seems to be reading now.
  • He seems to have been reading since morning.
  • He seems to have read all the books in the library.
  • I meant to buy this book, but I couldn’t find it.
  • I’d rather come early than be late.
  • He wanted his son to be educated at a public school.
  • We asked the driver to give us a lift, but he happened to be going to a different place.
  • If you don’t want your holiday to be spoilt, remember to take an umbrella and a raincoat with you.
  • The horse can be brought to the water, but it can’t be made to drink it.
  • This is the end of the street, we seem to have missed the house.
  • It was so kind of them to have prepared everything before our arrival.
  • He is the only one to give up smoking.
  • She wanted to be praised and admired.
  • The British Museum is too big to be seen in one hour.
  • He decided to become a writer not to earn money, he wanted to be read and remembered.
  • The man pretended to be reading a newspaper and not to notice us.
  • I’m sorry to have upset you. I didn’t mean to hurt you at all.
  • He is too young to be appointed President of the Company.
  • Are you happy to have followed your mother’s advice?

  • R. Murphy. Essential Grammar in use: a Self-study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Students of English / R. Murphy, 2002.
  • 2. Кузьменкова Ю.Б. и др. Revising, Reading and Reasoning for Your English Exams / Английская грамматика в тестах и текстах: Учеб. пособ. – Обнинск, Титул, 2005
  • Кузьменкова Ю.Б. Tests, Texts and topics for your English Exams.-Обнинск: Титул, 2003
  • Н.А. Кобрина, Е.А. Корнеева, М.И. Оссовская, К.А. Гузеева Грамматика английского языка: Морфология. Синтаксис. Учебное пособие для студентов педагогических институтов и университетов по специальности №2103 «Иностранные языки» – СПб., СОЮЗ,1999.
  • ВыбороваГ.Е. МахмурянК.С. Verbals. Сборник упражнений по английской грамматике: Пособие для старшеклассников и студентов гуманитарных факультетов. – АРКТИ, 2002
  • Ю.Голицынский Грамматика: Сборник упражнений, КАРО, 2005