Презентация "Modern Invention" 10 класс


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Modern Invention

Modern Invention

Speaking

  • What are these invention? Look at this pictures and identify the objects.
  • Then talk about:
  • What each object is.
  • Use the phrases to talk as in the example.
  • • I think • I‘ m not sure • Perhaps • It could be • I may be wrong • I think it was • I think so• I can‘ t remember

  • How you use these objects.
  • Use the phrases to talk as in the example.
  • • I think • I‘ m not sure • Perhaps • It could be • I may be wrong • I think it was • I think so• I can‘ t remember

How these objects have changed our lives.

  • How these objects have changed our lives.
  • Use the phrases to talk as in the example.
  • • I think • I‘ m not sure • Perhaps • It could be • I may be wrong • I think it was • I think so• I can‘ t remember

Which objects you couldn’t do without.

  • Which objects you couldn’t do without.
  • Use the phrases to talk as in the example.
  • • I think • I‘ m not sure • Perhaps • It could be • I may be wrong • I think it was • I think so• I can‘ t remember

Which of this you consider to be the most important invention? Why?

  • Which of this you consider to be the most important invention? Why?
  • Use the phrases to talk as in the example.
  • • I think • I‘ m not sure • Perhaps • It could be • I may be wrong • I think it was • I think so• I can‘ t remember

Invention which changed the WORLD

  • Invention which changed the WORLD
  • A: Who was the telephone invented by?
  • B: I think it was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • John Logie Baird
  • Charles Ginesburg
  • Charles Babbage
  • James T. Russel
  • Alexander Bain
  • Rene Laënnec
  • Thomas Alva Edison
  • Anton van Leevwenhoek
  • Charles Babbege
  • William Mogrege
  • microscope
  • computer
  • TV
  • CD
  • stethoscope
  • laptop
  • camcorder
  • Fax machine
  • telephone
  • Light bulb
  • printer

The air conditioner was invented by Willis Carrier in 1902.

  • The air conditioner was invented by Willis Carrier in 1902.
  • In pairs, match the columns. Then, make sentences as in the example.
  • Invention Inventor Year
  • air conditioner Percy Spencer 1902
  • sewing machine Willy Muller 1935
  • microwave oven Elias Howe 1890
  • hairdryer Alexander Godefoy 1946
  • answering machine Willis Carrier 1844
  • Which of the inventions do you consider the most important? Why?

Inventors and inventions

  • Fill in: invented, discovered, changed, improved, developed.
  • The Wright brothers changed the world when they flew the first plane in 1903.
  • The invention of a radar has……………………………………………………………...navigation and safety at sea.
  • Alexander Fleming…………………………………………..penicillin by accident.
  • In 1838, Louis Daguerre…………………………………….. The first practical process of photography.
  • The TV was……………………………….. By John Logie Baird in 1926.
  • Which other inventors have you heard of? What are they famous for?

Match column A to column B, then make sentences about satellites.

  • If we didn‘t have satellites, we couldn't/ wouldn‘t be able to receive TV pictures in our houses.
  • Talk about other inventions that help us communicate, as above.
  • A
  • B
  • receive
  • send
  • forecast
  • connect
  • map
  • study
  • make
  • help
  • the weather every day
  • TV pictures in our houses
  • international phone calls
  • messages around the world
  • aeroplanes and ships find their way
  • the earth and other planets
  • weather pattern
  • to the Internet

Look at the pictures, then put the words in the text.

  • Hundreds of satellite orbit the earth a transmit
  • information that makes our lives better. There are special instruments on all satellites, which help
  • them to work properly. All satellites have a(n) 1)……
  • ………which receives signals and sends them back
  • 2)……………….. on earth. Satellites all have a 3)………………..
  • that collect energy from the sun as well
  • as 4)………………
  • to everything. Satellites which study
  • the planets have a
  • 5)………………… and weather satellites
  • have cameras. Some satellites are
  • launched into space by rockets and other
  • are carried by the 6)………………………….
  • Replace the words in bold with their synonyms
  • • sent off • go around • tools • power • send
  • antenna
  • Space shuttle
  • telescope
  • computer
  • Solar cells
  • Satellite dishes

Which of the following do you have in your home? At home, we‘ve got mobile telephone.

  • 1 thermostat
  • 2 mobile phone
  • 4 garage 3 vacuum
  • door cleaner
  • opener
  • 5 smoke alarm
  • 6 electric fan
  • 7 instamatic
  • camera

Match the prompts to the pictures. Discuss how the items make your life easier.

  • A: You can turn a thermostat to a
  • regular setting to heat your house.
  • B:That’s true and it automatically
  • regulates the temperature.
  • A turn to regular setting/ automatically regulate temperature
  • B clean quickly/ easy to use
  • C keep room cool/ not feel hot on warm summer days
  • D open door – without leaving car/ good in cold wet weather
  • E warn of smoke or fire/ wake you up at night if fire breaks out
  • F develop photographs immediately/ save on cost of film processing
  • G take it almost everywhere/ not miss important calls

  • Pre-Reading task.
  • Look at the picture. Who is/ are famous for:
  • revolutionising personal computers;
  • the theory of relativity; scientific research and experiments;
  • developing atomic energy;
  • Founding Apple;
  • Being a strong believer in world peace;
  • Surviving lift-out, re-entry and weightlessness in space?
  • How do you think these people changed the world?

People who changed the World

  • A Yuri Gagarin
  • “I see Earth. It’s so beautiful!” These are the first words ever spoken by a human in space. The speaker was 27-year-old Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.
  • Yuri Gagarin was born on 9 March 1934, in Smolensk, Russia. When he left school, Yuri decided to train as an engineer, so he enrolled at a technical college on the outskirts of Moscow. While he was a student, he became interested in aircraft and took lessons at a local flying school. Soon it became obvious he was talented pilot, so when he finished his studies in 1955, he joined the Soviet Air Force. This proved to be a turning point in his life. He was chosen to be a test- pilot, flying new and experimental aircraft. Yuri was selected to join a special group of the country’s best test pilots and went on to further training to be a cosmonaut. His instructors described him as very calm and confident with very quick reactions.
  • Yuri’s epic one-hundred-and-eight-minute flight into space on 12 April 1961, made headline news all over the world. It was man’s first venture into space and the beginning of his journey to the stars. As the pilot of the spaceship, Gagarin proved that a human could survive lift-out, re-entry and weightlessness and return safely to Earth. What’s more, he was able to record important data which future astronauts would use.
  • Yuri Gagarin became a national hero. Unfortunately, he was tragically killed seven years later in a plane crash. He was thirty-four years old.

  • B Albert Einstein
  • Albert Einstein is one of the most gifted scientists of all time. He is best known for his theory of relativity, which he developed when he was only twenty-six and which changed the way scientists looked at space and time.
  • Einstein was born on 14 March 1874, in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. He studied Mathematics and Physics at Zurich. University and continued to live in Switzerland after finishing his studies. He worked in an office, but spent his spare time doing scientific research and experiments.
  • He became professor at Zurich University in 1909, but even before that his research had made him an important force in the world of physics. In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
  • Einstein’s genius changed the course of history, since it was central to the development of atomic energy. Einstein was an outspoken believer in world peace, however, and he was deeply saddened when he realised the outcome of his research would be an atom bomb. He said at the time, “If only I had known, I’d have become a watchmaker.”
  • In 1933, Einstein accepted a position for life as a professor at Princeton University. He lived there, dedicated to the study of physics, until his death in 1955.

C Steve Jobs

  • C Steve Jobs
  • In 1975, Steve Jobs founded Apple Computer, a company that revolutionised the personal computer.
  • Born in 1955, Steve grew up in Silicon Valley, California. He dropped out of college after the first term and took a job as a video game designer. Here he met up with an old friend, Steve Woznaik, and together they founded Apple.
  • The pair built their first computer in Job’s parents’ garage. A local electronics shop bought fifty of these computer and the company was on its way to success. The company‘s second model, Apple II, changed the computer industry forever by making computers smaller and more user-friendly, so they could be used by ordinary people. Both charming and demanding, Jobs managed to push Apple Computer to the head of the computer revolution.
  • Steve Jobs’ visionary designs changed people’s idea of computers. “We started out to get a computer in the hands of everyday people, and we succeeded beyond our wildest dreams”, he once said. He now has plans to lead another revolution, this time in software, by making it quicker and cheaper to develop.

Comprehension check.

  • Write G(Gagarin), E(Einstein) or J(Jobs) next to the adjectives that describe each person‘s character.
  • 1 outspoken 5 confident
  • 2 calm 6 charming
  • 3 demanding 7 gifted
  • 4 talented 8 visionary

Read the article and write G, E or J in the correct box.

  • Who…
  • was disappointed with how his work used? 1
  • made something that could be used 2
  • by the average person?
  • developed something new? 3 4
  • became famous overnight? 5
  • paved the way for others? 6 7
  • did something that could have been
  • dangerous for him? 8
  • received an important award? 9
  • achieved his dream? 10

Circle the correct meaning

  • 1. experimental a. new and being tested
  • b. used in a test
  • 2. epic a. dangerous
  • b. impressive
  • 3. venture a. sth done for the first time
  • b. sth new, exciting and difficult
  • 4. data a. collection
  • b. information
  • 5. revolutionised a. caused great changes
  • b. started something
  • 6. lift-out a. when a rocket leaves
  • the ground
  • b. when a rocket leaves
  • the atmosphere

Use the prompts below to make sentences, as in the example.

  • Yuri Gagarin/ not be/ talented pilot he/ not become/ cosmonaut
  • Albert Einstein/ not be/ dedicated scientist he/ not develop/ theory/ change the world
  • Steve Jobs/ not drop out/ college he/ not become/ computer designer
  • If Yuri Gagarin hadn’t been a talented pilot, he would not have become a cosmonaut.

Vocabulary Practice

  • Fill in the correct word, then make sentences.
  • • scientific • weather • job • turning
  • • exploration • important • personal
  • • national • smart • ordinary
  • 1…............................data
  • 2…………………….problems
  • 3 space……….....................
  • 4 ….………………………hero
  • 5 ……………………...patterns
  • 6 ………………………….point
  • 7 ……………………..research
  • 8 ………………………..people
  • 9 …………………......interview
  • 10 …………………………card
  • Fill in: of, in, from, with, over then make sentences using the completed phrases.
  • 1 to be jealous………………….sb
  • 2 wrong…………………………sth
  • 3 …………………………the future
  • 4 to work…………………….home
  • 5 the pilot…………..the spaceship
  • 6 ………………………the Internet
  • 7 to keep…………touch….…...sth
  • 8 the invention…………………sth
  • 9 the course……………………sth
  • 10become interested………….sth

Think of a famous inventor from your country. Use an encyclopedia or the Internet to fill in information under the headings below. Then write about him/her and what he/she invented. • inventor’s name • invention • year it was invented • importance