Презентация "Present Perfect" 7 класс


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Present Perfect

Present Perfect

Употребление

  • Действие недавно закончилось, и есть его результат.
  • Действие произошло в период времени, который еще не закончился.
  • Действие началось в прошлом и продолжается в настоящее время. В предложении употребляются глаголы have, like, know, be и другие, не имеющие формы continuous, а также предлоги for или since.

Examples:

  • Kim has bought a new mobile phone.
  • I have seen Bob today.
  • I have known Mary for four years.

Have gone (to) –Have been (to)

  • They have gone to school.
  • They have been to school.

Утверждение

  • I /You/We/They have written a letter.
  • I /You/We/They have typed a report.
  • He/She has written a letter.
  • The printer has typed a report.

Вопрос

  • Have I/You/We/They written a letter?
  • Have I/You/We/They typed a report?
  • Has He/She written a letter?
  • Has the printer typed a letter?

Маркеры

  • В утверждениях:
    • already – уже
    • just – только что
    • for – в течение …
    • since – c …
    • always – всегда
    • recently - недавно
    • so far – к настоящему моменту
    • today, this week/month …

Examples:

  • We have already seen this film.
  • I have just posted the letter.
  • She has always wanted to travel abroad.
  • He has recently published a book.
  • She has been a teacher since 1996.
  • I have had this dog for three years.
  • This young actress has played seven leading roles so far.

Маркеры

  • В вопросах:
    • yet – уже
    • еver – когда-либо
    • how long – как долго
    • lately – в последнее время, недавно

Examples:

  • Has Paul left yet?
  • How long have you lived here?
  • Have you seen any good films lately?

Examples:

  • Have you ever met anybody famous?

Маркеры

  • В отрицаниях:
    • yet – ещё (не)…
    • never – никогда
    • for – в течение
    • since – c …
    • lately - недавно

Examples:

  • She hasn’t answered my letter yet.
  • I have never been to Spain.
  • I haven’t seen you for ages.
  • They haven’t been abroad since 2005.
  • I haven’t seen John lately.

Have в устойчивых выражениях:

  • Have breakfast/lunch/dinner
    • I’ve already had lunch.
  • Have a cold
    • Lucy has had a cold for two days.
  • Have a shower
    • Lukas has just had a shower.